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Reference evapotranspiration concentration and its relationship with precipitation concentration at southern and northern slopes of Tianshan Mountains, China

(2019) JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE. 16(6). p.1381-1395
Author
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Abstract
The investigation of concentration characteristics of reference evapotranspiration (ETref) is important for water resources management. The concentration index (CI), concentration degree (CD) and concentration period (CP) are used to investigate the concentration characteristics of ETref and the relationship between ETref concentration and precipitation concentration at sub-monthly timescale based on the daily climatic variables from 1966 to 2015 in 27 meteorological stations at the southern and northern slopes of Tianshan Mountains in China. It was found that the CI of ETref is about 0.40 and less concentrated than precipitation in the study area. At the southern slope, the maximum ETref appears in late June and is earlier than the maximum precipitation (early July), ETref distributes more equally than precipitation, and the CI, CD and CP of these two variables do not show significant change based on the Mann-Kendall test. At the northern slope, both the maximum ETref and precipitation appear in early July, and ETref is more dispersed than precipitation. During the study period, the maximum ETref at the northern slope tends to appear earlier due to the impacts of wind speed, relative humidity, sunshine duration, and air temperature. ETref concentration does not match the precipitation concentration in the study area, particularly at the southern slope. The mismatch between ETref and precipitation concentration within a year reveals the water resources pressure on environmental, social and economic sustainability in the study area.
Keywords
CLIMATIC VARIABLES, RIVER-BASIN, TEMPORAL VARIABILITY, SPATIAL-DISTRIBUTION, NONLINEAR TRENDS, ENSEMBLE, XINJIANG, SENSITIVITY, INDEXES, TESTS, Concentration, Reference evapotranspiration, Precipitation, Trend, analysis, Tianshan Mountains

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MLA
Fa-rong, Huang, et al. “Reference Evapotranspiration Concentration and Its Relationship with Precipitation Concentration at Southern and Northern Slopes of Tianshan Mountains, China.” JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE, vol. 16, no. 6, 2019, pp. 1381–95.
APA
Fa-rong, H., Yang, T., Qian, L., Si-si, L., Lan-hai, L., & Adsavakulchai, S. (2019). Reference evapotranspiration concentration and its relationship with precipitation concentration at southern and northern slopes of Tianshan Mountains, China. JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE, 16(6), 1381–1395.
Chicago author-date
Fa-rong, Huang, Tao Yang, Li Qian, Li Si-si, Li Lan-hai, and Suwannee Adsavakulchai. 2019. “Reference Evapotranspiration Concentration and Its Relationship with Precipitation Concentration at Southern and Northern Slopes of Tianshan Mountains, China.” JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE 16 (6): 1381–95.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Fa-rong, Huang, Tao Yang, Li Qian, Li Si-si, Li Lan-hai, and Suwannee Adsavakulchai. 2019. “Reference Evapotranspiration Concentration and Its Relationship with Precipitation Concentration at Southern and Northern Slopes of Tianshan Mountains, China.” JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE 16 (6): 1381–1395.
Vancouver
1.
Fa-rong H, Yang T, Qian L, Si-si L, Lan-hai L, Adsavakulchai S. Reference evapotranspiration concentration and its relationship with precipitation concentration at southern and northern slopes of Tianshan Mountains, China. JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE. 2019;16(6):1381–95.
IEEE
[1]
H. Fa-rong, T. Yang, L. Qian, L. Si-si, L. Lan-hai, and S. Adsavakulchai, “Reference evapotranspiration concentration and its relationship with precipitation concentration at southern and northern slopes of Tianshan Mountains, China,” JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 1381–1395, 2019.
@article{8643356,
  abstract     = {{The investigation of concentration characteristics of reference evapotranspiration (ETref) is important for water resources management. The concentration index (CI), concentration degree (CD) and concentration period (CP) are used to investigate the concentration characteristics of ETref and the relationship between ETref concentration and precipitation concentration at sub-monthly timescale based on the daily climatic variables from 1966 to 2015 in 27 meteorological stations at the southern and northern slopes of Tianshan Mountains in China. It was found that the CI of ETref is about 0.40 and less concentrated than precipitation in the study area. At the southern slope, the maximum ETref appears in late June and is earlier than the maximum precipitation (early July), ETref distributes more equally than precipitation, and the CI, CD and CP of these two variables do not show significant change based on the Mann-Kendall test. At the northern slope, both the maximum ETref and precipitation appear in early July, and ETref is more dispersed than precipitation. During the study period, the maximum ETref at the northern slope tends to appear earlier due to the impacts of wind speed, relative humidity, sunshine duration, and air temperature. ETref concentration does not match the precipitation concentration in the study area, particularly at the southern slope. The mismatch between ETref and precipitation concentration within a year reveals the water resources pressure on environmental, social and economic sustainability in the study area.}},
  author       = {{Fa-rong, Huang and Yang, Tao and Qian, Li and Si-si, Li and Lan-hai, Li and Adsavakulchai, Suwannee}},
  issn         = {{1672-6316}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE}},
  keywords     = {{CLIMATIC VARIABLES,RIVER-BASIN,TEMPORAL VARIABILITY,SPATIAL-DISTRIBUTION,NONLINEAR TRENDS,ENSEMBLE,XINJIANG,SENSITIVITY,INDEXES,TESTS,Concentration,Reference evapotranspiration,Precipitation,Trend,analysis,Tianshan Mountains}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{6}},
  pages        = {{1381--1395}},
  title        = {{Reference evapotranspiration concentration and its relationship with precipitation concentration at southern and northern slopes of Tianshan Mountains, China}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-5159-z}},
  volume       = {{16}},
  year         = {{2019}},
}

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