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Seismic behavior of triple tunnel complex in soft soil subjected to transverse shaking

Ahsan Naseem (UGent) , Muhammad Kashif (UGent) , Nouman Iqbal (UGent) , Ken Schotte (UGent) and Hans De Backer (UGent)
(2020) APPLIED SCIENCES. 10(1). p.1-22
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Abstract
Combining multiple tunnels into a single tunnel complex while keeping the surrounding area compact is a complicated procedure. The condition becomes more complex when soft soil is present and the area is prone to seismic activity. Seismic vibrations produce sudden ground shaking, which causes a sharp decrease in the shear strength and bearing capacity of the soil. This results in larger ground displacements and deformation of structures located at the surface and within the soil mass. The deformations are more pronounced at shallower depths and near the ground surface. Tunnels located in that area are also affected and can undergo excessive distortions and uplift. The condition becomes worse if the tunnel area is larger, and, thus, the respective tunnel complex needs to be properly evaluated. In this research, a novel triple tunnel complex formed by combining three closely spaced tunnels is numerically analyzed using Plaxis 2D software under variable dynamic loadings. The effect of variations in lining thickness, the inner supporting structure, embedment depth on the produced ground displacements, tunnel deformations, resisting bending moments, and the developed thrusts are studied in detail. The triple tunnel complex is also compared with the rectangular and equivalent horizontal twin tunnel complexes in terms of generated thrusts and resisted seismic-induced bending moments. From the results, it is concluded that increased thickness of the lining, inner structure, and greater embedment depth results in decreased ground displacements, tunnel deformations, and increased resistance to seismic-induced bending moments. The comparison of shapes revealed that the triple tunnel complex has better resistance against moments with the least amount of thrust and surface heave produced.

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MLA
Naseem, Ahsan, et al. “Seismic Behavior of Triple Tunnel Complex in Soft Soil Subjected to Transverse Shaking.” APPLIED SCIENCES, vol. 10, no. 1, 2020, pp. 1–22.
APA
Naseem, A., Kashif, M., Iqbal, N., Schotte, K., & De Backer, H. (2020). Seismic behavior of triple tunnel complex in soft soil subjected to transverse shaking. APPLIED SCIENCES, 10(1), 1–22.
Chicago author-date
Naseem, Ahsan, Muhammad Kashif, Nouman Iqbal, Ken Schotte, and Hans De Backer. 2020. “Seismic Behavior of Triple Tunnel Complex in Soft Soil Subjected to Transverse Shaking.” APPLIED SCIENCES 10 (1): 1–22.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Naseem, Ahsan, Muhammad Kashif, Nouman Iqbal, Ken Schotte, and Hans De Backer. 2020. “Seismic Behavior of Triple Tunnel Complex in Soft Soil Subjected to Transverse Shaking.” APPLIED SCIENCES 10 (1): 1–22.
Vancouver
1.
Naseem A, Kashif M, Iqbal N, Schotte K, De Backer H. Seismic behavior of triple tunnel complex in soft soil subjected to transverse shaking. APPLIED SCIENCES. 2020;10(1):1–22.
IEEE
[1]
A. Naseem, M. Kashif, N. Iqbal, K. Schotte, and H. De Backer, “Seismic behavior of triple tunnel complex in soft soil subjected to transverse shaking,” APPLIED SCIENCES, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1–22, 2020.
@article{8643202,
  abstract     = {Combining multiple tunnels into a single tunnel complex while keeping the surrounding area compact is a complicated procedure. The condition becomes more complex when soft soil is present and the area is prone to seismic activity. Seismic vibrations produce sudden ground shaking, which causes a sharp decrease in the shear strength and bearing capacity of the soil. This results in larger ground displacements and deformation of structures located at the surface and within the soil mass. The deformations are more pronounced at shallower depths and near the ground surface. Tunnels located in that area are also affected and can undergo excessive distortions and uplift. The condition becomes worse if the tunnel area is larger, and, thus, the respective tunnel complex needs to be properly evaluated. In this research, a novel triple tunnel complex formed by combining three closely spaced tunnels is numerically analyzed using Plaxis 2D software under variable dynamic loadings. The effect of variations in lining thickness, the inner supporting structure, embedment depth on the produced ground displacements, tunnel deformations, resisting bending moments, and the developed thrusts are studied in detail. The triple tunnel complex is also compared with the rectangular and equivalent horizontal twin tunnel complexes in terms of generated thrusts and resisted seismic-induced bending moments. From the results, it is concluded that increased thickness of the lining, inner structure, and greater embedment depth results in decreased ground displacements, tunnel deformations, and increased resistance to seismic-induced bending moments. The comparison of shapes revealed that the triple tunnel complex has better resistance against moments with the least amount of thrust and surface heave produced.},
  articleno    = {334},
  author       = {Naseem, Ahsan and Kashif, Muhammad and Iqbal, Nouman and Schotte, Ken and De Backer, Hans},
  issn         = {2076-3417},
  journal      = {APPLIED SCIENCES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {334:1--334:22},
  title        = {Seismic behavior of triple tunnel complex in soft soil subjected to transverse shaking},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/app10010334},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2020},
}

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