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Black holes, gravitational waves and fundamental physics : a roadmap

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Abstract
The grand challenges of contemporary fundamental physics dark matter, dark energy, vacuum energy, inflation and early universe cosmology, singularities and the hierarchy problem all involve gravity as a key component. And of all gravitational phenomena, black holes stand out in their elegant simplicity, while harbouring some of the most remarkable predictions of General Relativity: event horizons, singularities and ergoregions. The hitherto invisible landscape of the gravitational Universe is being unveiled before our eyes: the historical direct detection of gravitational waves by the LIGO-Virgo collaboration marks the dawn of a new era of scientific exploration. Gravitational-wave astronomy will allow us to test models of black hole formation, growth and evolution, as well as models of gravitational-wave generation and propagation. It will provide evidence for event horizons and ergoregions, test the theory of General Relativity itself, and may reveal the existence of new fundamental fields. The synthesis of these results has the potential to radically reshape our understanding of the cosmos and of the laws of Nature. The purpose of this work is to present a concise, yet comprehensive overview of the state of the art in the relevant fields of research, summarize important open problems, and lay out a roadmap for future progress. This write-up is an initiative taken within the framework of the European Action on 'Black holes, Gravitational waves and Fundamental Physics'.
Keywords
gravitational waves, gravitational-wave astronomy, source modelling, black holes, fundamental physics, birth and evolution of black holes, X-RAY BINARIES, R-PROCESS NUCLEOSYNTHESIS, BRANS-DICKE THEORY, STAR CLUSTER SIMULATIONS, HIGH-REDSHIFT FORMATION, SCALAR-TENSOR THEORIES, TIMING ARRAY LIMITS, QUASI-NORMAL MODES, NEUTRON-STAR, GENERAL-RELATIVITY

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MLA
Barack, Leor, et al. “Black Holes, Gravitational Waves and Fundamental Physics : A Roadmap.” CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM GRAVITY, vol. 36, no. 14, 2019.
APA
Barack, L., Cardoso, V., Nissanke, S., Sotiriou, T. P., Askar, A., Belczynski, C., … Zilhão, M. (2019). Black holes, gravitational waves and fundamental physics : a roadmap. CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM GRAVITY, 36(14).
Chicago author-date
Barack, Leor, Vitor Cardoso, Samaya Nissanke, Thomas P Sotiriou, Abbas Askar, Chris Belczynski, Gianfranco Bertone, et al. 2019. “Black Holes, Gravitational Waves and Fundamental Physics : A Roadmap.” CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM GRAVITY 36 (14).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Barack, Leor, Vitor Cardoso, Samaya Nissanke, Thomas P Sotiriou, Abbas Askar, Chris Belczynski, Gianfranco Bertone, Edi Bon, Diego Blas, Richard Brito, Tomasz Bulik, Clare Burrage, Christian T Byrnes, Chiara Caprini, Masha Chernyakova, Piotr Chruściel, Monica Colpi, Valeria Ferrari, Daniele Gaggero, Jonathan Gair, Juan García-Bellido, SF Hassan, Lavinia Heisenberg, Martin Hendry, Ik Siong Heng, Carlos Herdeiro, Tanja Hinderer, Assaf Horesh, Bradley J Kavanagh, Bence Kocsis, Michael Kramer, Alexandre Le Tiec, Chiara Mingarelli, Germano Nardini, Gijs Nelemans, Carlos Palenzuela, Paolo Pani, Albino Perego, Edward K Porter, Elena M Rossi, Patricia Schmidt, Alberto Sesana, Ulrich Sperhake, Antonio Stamerra, Leo C Stein, Nicola Tamanini, Thomas M Tauris, L Arturo Urena-López, Frederic Vincent, Marta Volonteri, Barry Wardell, Norbert Wex, Kent Yagi, Tiziano Abdelsalhin, Miguel Ángel Aloy, Pau Amaro-Seoane, Lorenzo Annulli, Manuel Arca-Sedda, Ibrahima Bah, Enrico Barausse, Elvis Barakovic, Robert Benkel, Charles L Bennett, Laura Bernard, Sebastiano Bernuzzi, Christopher PL Berry, Emanuele Berti, Miguel Bezares, Jose Juan Blanco-Pillado, Jose Luis Blázquez-Salcedo, Matteo Bonetti, Mateja Bošković, Zeljka Bosnjak, Katja Bricman, Bernd Brügmann, Pedro R Capelo, Sante Carloni, Pablo Cerdá-Durán, Christos Charmousis, Sylvain Chaty, Aurora Clerici, Andrew Coates, Marta Colleoni, Lucas G Collodel, Geoffrey Compère, William Cook, Isabel Cordero-Carrión, Miguel Correia, Álvaro de la Cruz-Dombriz, Viktor G Czinner, Kyriakos Destounis, Kostas Dialektopoulos, Daniela Doneva, Massimo Dotti, Amelia Drew, Christopher Eckner, James Edholm, Roberto Emparan, Recai Erdem, Miguel Ferreira, Pedro G Ferreira, Andrew Finch, Jose A Font, Nicola Franchini, Kwinten Fransen, Dmitry Gal’tsov, Apratim Ganguly, Davide Gerosa, Kostas Glampedakis, Andreja Gomboc, Ariel Goobar, Leonardo Gualtieri, Eduardo Guendelman, Francesco Haardt, Troels Harmark, Filip Hejda, Thomas Hertog, Seth Hopper, Sascha Husa, Nada Ihanec, Taishi Ikeda, Amruta Jaodand, Philippe Jetzer, Xisco Jimenez-Forteza, Marc Kamionkowski, David E Kaplan, Stelios Kazantzidis, Masashi Kimura, Shiho Kobayashi, Kostas Kokkotas, Julian Krolik, Jutta Kunz, Claus Lämmerzahl, Paul Lasky, José PS Lemos, Jackson Levi Said, Stefano Liberati, Jorge Lopes, Raimon Luna, Yin-Zhe Ma, Elisa Maggio, Alberto Mangiagli, Marina Martinez Montero, Andrea Maselli, Lucio Mayer, Anupam Mazumdar, Christopher Messenger, Brice Ménard, Masato Minamitsuji, Christopher J Moore, David Mota, Sourabh Nampalliwar, Andrea Nerozzi, David Nichols, Emil Nissimov, Martin Obergaulinger, Niels A Obers, Roberto Oliveri, George Pappas, Vedad Pasic, Hiranya Peiris, Tanja Petrushevska, Denis Pollney, Geraint Pratten, Nemanja Rakic, Istvan Racz, Miren Radia, Fethi M Ramazanoğlu, Antoni Ramos-Buades, Guilherme Raposo, Marek Rogatko, Roxana Rosca-Mead, Dorota Rosinska, Stephan Rosswog, Ester Ruiz-Morales, Mairi Sakellariadou, Nicolás Sanchis-Gual, Om Sharan Salafia, Anuradha Samajdar, Alicia Sintes, Majda Smole, Carlos Sopuerta, Rafael Souza-Lima, Marko Stalevski, Nikolaos Stergioulas, Chris Stevens, Tomas Tamfal, Alejandro Torres-Forné, Sergey Tsygankov, Kıvanç I Ünlütürk, Rosa Valiante, Maarten van de Meent, José Velhinho, Yosef Verbin, Bert Vercnocke, Daniele Vernieri, Rodrigo Vicente, Vincenzo Vitagliano, Amanda Weltman, Bernard Whiting, Andrew Williamson, Helvi Witek, Aneta Wojnar, Kadri Yakut, Haopeng Yan, Stoycho Yazadjiev, Gabrijela Zaharijas, and Miguel Zilhão. 2019. “Black Holes, Gravitational Waves and Fundamental Physics : A Roadmap.” CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM GRAVITY 36 (14).
Vancouver
1.
Barack L, Cardoso V, Nissanke S, Sotiriou TP, Askar A, Belczynski C, et al. Black holes, gravitational waves and fundamental physics : a roadmap. CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM GRAVITY. 2019;36(14).
IEEE
[1]
L. Barack et al., “Black holes, gravitational waves and fundamental physics : a roadmap,” CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM GRAVITY, vol. 36, no. 14, 2019.
@article{8643067,
  abstract     = {The grand challenges of contemporary fundamental physics dark matter, dark energy, vacuum energy, inflation and early universe cosmology, singularities and the hierarchy problem all involve gravity as a key component. And of all gravitational phenomena, black holes stand out in their elegant simplicity, while harbouring some of the most remarkable predictions of General Relativity: event horizons, singularities and ergoregions. 
The hitherto invisible landscape of the gravitational Universe is being unveiled before our eyes: the historical direct detection of gravitational waves by the LIGO-Virgo collaboration marks the dawn of a new era of scientific exploration. Gravitational-wave astronomy will allow us to test models of black hole formation, growth and evolution, as well as models of gravitational-wave generation and propagation. It will provide evidence for event horizons and ergoregions, test the theory of General Relativity itself, and may reveal the existence of new fundamental fields. The synthesis of these results has the potential to radically reshape our understanding of the cosmos and of the laws of Nature. 
The purpose of this work is to present a concise, yet comprehensive overview of the state of the art in the relevant fields of research, summarize important open problems, and lay out a roadmap for future progress. This write-up is an initiative taken within the framework of the European Action on 'Black holes, Gravitational waves and Fundamental Physics'.},
  articleno    = {143001},
  author       = {Barack, Leor and Cardoso, Vitor and Nissanke, Samaya and Sotiriou, Thomas P and Askar, Abbas and Belczynski, Chris and Bertone, Gianfranco and Bon, Edi and Blas, Diego and Brito, Richard and Bulik, Tomasz and Burrage, Clare and Byrnes, Christian T and Caprini, Chiara and Chernyakova, Masha and Chruściel, Piotr and Colpi, Monica and Ferrari, Valeria and Gaggero, Daniele and Gair, Jonathan and García-Bellido, Juan and Hassan, SF and Heisenberg, Lavinia and Hendry, Martin and Heng, Ik Siong and Herdeiro, Carlos and Hinderer, Tanja and Horesh, Assaf and Kavanagh, Bradley J and Kocsis, Bence and Kramer, Michael and Le Tiec, Alexandre and Mingarelli, Chiara and Nardini, Germano and Nelemans, Gijs and Palenzuela, Carlos and Pani, Paolo and Perego, Albino and Porter, Edward K and Rossi, Elena M and Schmidt, Patricia and Sesana, Alberto and Sperhake, Ulrich and Stamerra, Antonio and Stein, Leo C and Tamanini, Nicola and Tauris, Thomas M and Urena-López, L Arturo and Vincent, Frederic and Volonteri, Marta and Wardell, Barry and Wex, Norbert and Yagi, Kent and Abdelsalhin, Tiziano and Aloy, Miguel Ángel and Amaro-Seoane, Pau and Annulli, Lorenzo and Arca-Sedda, Manuel and Bah, Ibrahima and Barausse, Enrico and Barakovic, Elvis and Benkel, Robert and Bennett, Charles L and Bernard, Laura and Bernuzzi, Sebastiano and Berry, Christopher PL and Berti, Emanuele and Bezares, Miguel and Blanco-Pillado, Jose Juan and Blázquez-Salcedo, Jose Luis and Bonetti, Matteo and Bošković, Mateja and Bosnjak, Zeljka and Bricman, Katja and Brügmann, Bernd and Capelo, Pedro R and Carloni, Sante and Cerdá-Durán, Pablo and Charmousis, Christos and Chaty, Sylvain and Clerici, Aurora and Coates, Andrew and Colleoni, Marta and Collodel, Lucas G and Compère, Geoffrey and Cook, William and Cordero-Carrión, Isabel and Correia, Miguel and de la Cruz-Dombriz, Álvaro and Czinner, Viktor G and Destounis, Kyriakos and Dialektopoulos, Kostas and Doneva, Daniela and Dotti, Massimo and Drew, Amelia and Eckner, Christopher and Edholm, James and Emparan, Roberto and Erdem, Recai and Ferreira, Miguel and Ferreira, Pedro G and Finch, Andrew and Font, Jose A and Franchini, Nicola and Fransen, Kwinten and Gal’tsov, Dmitry and Ganguly, Apratim and Gerosa, Davide and Glampedakis, Kostas and Gomboc, Andreja and Goobar, Ariel and Gualtieri, Leonardo and Guendelman, Eduardo and Haardt, Francesco and Harmark, Troels and Hejda, Filip and Hertog, Thomas and Hopper, Seth and Husa, Sascha and Ihanec, Nada and Ikeda, Taishi and Jaodand, Amruta and Jetzer, Philippe and Jimenez-Forteza, Xisco and Kamionkowski, Marc and Kaplan, David E and Kazantzidis, Stelios and Kimura, Masashi and Kobayashi, Shiho and Kokkotas, Kostas and Krolik, Julian and Kunz, Jutta and Lämmerzahl, Claus and Lasky, Paul and Lemos, José PS and Levi Said, Jackson and Liberati, Stefano and Lopes, Jorge and Luna, Raimon and Ma, Yin-Zhe and Maggio, Elisa and Mangiagli, Alberto and Montero, Marina Martinez and Maselli, Andrea and Mayer, Lucio and Mazumdar, Anupam and Messenger, Christopher and Ménard, Brice and Minamitsuji, Masato and Moore, Christopher J and Mota, David and Nampalliwar, Sourabh and Nerozzi, Andrea and Nichols, David and Nissimov, Emil and Obergaulinger, Martin and Obers, Niels A and Oliveri, Roberto and Pappas, George and Pasic, Vedad and Peiris, Hiranya and Petrushevska, Tanja and Pollney, Denis and Pratten, Geraint and Rakic, Nemanja and Racz, Istvan and Radia, Miren and Ramazanoğlu, Fethi M and Ramos-Buades, Antoni and Raposo, Guilherme and Rogatko, Marek and Rosca-Mead, Roxana and Rosinska, Dorota and Rosswog, Stephan and Ruiz-Morales, Ester and Sakellariadou, Mairi and Sanchis-Gual, Nicolás and Sharan Salafia, Om and Samajdar, Anuradha and Sintes, Alicia and Smole, Majda and Sopuerta, Carlos and Souza-Lima, Rafael and Stalevski, Marko and Stergioulas, Nikolaos and Stevens, Chris and Tamfal, Tomas and Torres-Forné, Alejandro and Tsygankov, Sergey and Ünlütürk, Kıvanç I and Valiante, Rosa and van de Meent, Maarten and Velhinho, José and Verbin, Yosef and Vercnocke, Bert and Vernieri, Daniele and Vicente, Rodrigo and Vitagliano, Vincenzo and Weltman, Amanda and Whiting, Bernard and Williamson, Andrew and Witek, Helvi and Wojnar, Aneta and Yakut, Kadri and Yan, Haopeng and Yazadjiev, Stoycho and Zaharijas, Gabrijela and Zilhão, Miguel},
  issn         = {0264-9381},
  journal      = {CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM GRAVITY},
  keywords     = {gravitational waves,gravitational-wave astronomy,source modelling,black holes,fundamental physics,birth and evolution of black holes,X-RAY BINARIES,R-PROCESS NUCLEOSYNTHESIS,BRANS-DICKE THEORY,STAR CLUSTER SIMULATIONS,HIGH-REDSHIFT FORMATION,SCALAR-TENSOR THEORIES,TIMING ARRAY LIMITS,QUASI-NORMAL MODES,NEUTRON-STAR,GENERAL-RELATIVITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {14},
  pages        = {178},
  title        = {Black holes, gravitational waves and fundamental physics : a roadmap},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6382/ab0587},
  volume       = {36},
  year         = {2019},
}

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