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On the use of the ablative of the gerund and the nominative of the present participle in Latin technical literature

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Abstract
In Latin, the gerund and the present participle often function as the predicate of an adjunct clause. In Late Latin, the frequency of such clauses is hypothesized to increase with the ablative of the gerund and to decrease with the nominative of the present participle. This evolution leads to the “gradual replacement of the present participle by the gerund” (Pinkster 2015: 549), whereby the former is ousted from its verbal function and confined to a purely adjectival role. This process is triggered by the “semantic bleaching” of the gerund, whose original manner/instrumental value gradually “weakens” into the default value of the present participle, viz. a temporal one. This paper aims to investigate the functional competition between the two clause types in a corpus of technical texts between the 2nd c. BC and the 6th c. AD. We show that the semantic bleaching of the gerund is not significant in our corpus and hence does not confirm its functional competition with the present participle. We argue that the two clause types have different semantic and pragmatic properties and that these differences remain stable over time.

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MLA
Vangaever, Jasper, and Giovanbattista Galdi. “On the Use of the Ablative of the Gerund and the Nominative of the Present Participle in Latin Technical Literature.” Lemmata Linguistica Latina : Volume II : Clause and Discourse, edited by Lideweij van Gils et al., Mouton de Gruyter, 2019, pp. 96–115.
APA
Vangaever, J., & Galdi, G. (2019). On the use of the ablative of the gerund and the nominative of the present participle in Latin technical literature. In L. van Gils, C. Kroon, & R. Risselada (Eds.), Lemmata linguistica Latina : volume II : clause and discourse (pp. 96–115). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Chicago author-date
Vangaever, Jasper, and Giovanbattista Galdi. 2019. “On the Use of the Ablative of the Gerund and the Nominative of the Present Participle in Latin Technical Literature.” In Lemmata Linguistica Latina : Volume II : Clause and Discourse, edited by Lideweij van Gils, Caroline Kroon, and Rodie Risselada, 96–115. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vangaever, Jasper, and Giovanbattista Galdi. 2019. “On the Use of the Ablative of the Gerund and the Nominative of the Present Participle in Latin Technical Literature.” In Lemmata Linguistica Latina : Volume II : Clause and Discourse, ed by. Lideweij van Gils, Caroline Kroon, and Rodie Risselada, 96–115. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Vancouver
1.
Vangaever J, Galdi G. On the use of the ablative of the gerund and the nominative of the present participle in Latin technical literature. In: van Gils L, Kroon C, Risselada R, editors. Lemmata linguistica Latina : volume II : clause and discourse. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter; 2019. p. 96–115.
IEEE
[1]
J. Vangaever and G. Galdi, “On the use of the ablative of the gerund and the nominative of the present participle in Latin technical literature,” in Lemmata linguistica Latina : volume II : clause and discourse, L. van Gils, C. Kroon, and R. Risselada, Eds. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2019, pp. 96–115.
@incollection{8641480,
  abstract     = {In Latin, the gerund and the present participle often function as the predicate of an adjunct clause. In Late Latin, the frequency of such clauses is hypothesized to increase with the ablative of the gerund and to decrease with the nominative of the present participle. This evolution leads to the “gradual replacement of the present participle by the gerund” (Pinkster 2015: 549), whereby the former is ousted from its verbal function and confined to a purely adjectival role. This process is triggered by the “semantic bleaching” of the gerund, whose original manner/instrumental value gradually “weakens” into the default value of the present participle, viz. a temporal one. This paper aims to investigate the functional competition between the two clause types in a corpus of technical texts between the 2nd c. BC and the 6th c. AD. We show that the semantic bleaching of the gerund is not significant in our corpus and hence does not confirm its functional competition with the present participle. We argue that the two clause types have different semantic and pragmatic properties and that these differences remain stable over time.},
  author       = {Vangaever, Jasper and Galdi, Giovanbattista},
  booktitle    = {Lemmata linguistica Latina : volume II : clause and discourse},
  editor       = {van Gils, Lideweij and Kroon, Caroline and Risselada, Rodie},
  isbn         = {978311067822},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {96--115},
  publisher    = {Mouton de Gruyter},
  title        = {On the use of the ablative of the gerund and the nominative of the present participle in Latin technical literature},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/9783110678222-006},
  year         = {2019},
}

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