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Public microbial resource centers : key hubs for findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable (FAIR) microorganisms and genetic materials

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Abstract
In the context of open science, the availability of research materials is essential for knowledge accumulation and to maximize the impact of scientific research. In microbiology, microbial domain biological resource centers (mBRCs) have long-standing experience in preserving and distributing authenticated microbial strains and genetic materials (e.g., recombinant plasmids and DNA libraries) to support new discoveries and follow-on studies. These culture collections play a central role in the conservation of microbial biodiversity and have expertise in cultivation, characterization, and taxonomy of microorganisms. Information associated with preserved biological resources is recorded in databases and is accessible through online catalogues. Legal expertise developed by mBRCs guarantees end users the traceability and legality of the acquired material, notably with respect to the Nagoya Protocol. However, awareness of the advantages of depositing biological materials in professional repositories remains low, and the necessity of securing strains and genetic resources for future research must be emphasized. This review describes the unique position of mBRCs in microbiology and molecular biology through their history, evolving roles, expertise, services, challenges, and international collaborations. It also calls for an increased deposit of strains and genetic resources, a responsibility shared by scientists, funding agencies, and publishers. Journal policies requesting a deposit during submission of a manuscript represent one of the measures to make more biological materials available to the broader community, hence fully releasing their potential and improving openness and reproducibility in scientific research.
Keywords
YEAST CULTURE COLLECTIONS, STRUCTURING STRAIN DATA, NAGOYA PROTOCOL, INFORMATION, DIVERSITY, INFRASTRUCTURE, RETRIEVAL, EVOLUTION, EMPHASIS, SEQUENCE, culture collection, FAIR, Nagoya Protocol, open access, mBRC

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MLA
Becker, P., et al. “Public Microbial Resource Centers : Key Hubs for Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable (FAIR) Microorganisms and Genetic Materials.” APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, vol. 85, no. 21, 2019.
APA
Becker, P., Bosschaerts, M., Chaerle, P., Daniel, H.-M., Hellemans, A., Olbrechts, A., … Hendrickx, M. (2019). Public microbial resource centers : key hubs for findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable (FAIR) microorganisms and genetic materials. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, 85(21).
Chicago author-date
Becker, P, M Bosschaerts, Peter Chaerle, H-M Daniel, Ann Hellemans, Anneleen Olbrechts, L Rigouts, A Wilmotte, and M Hendrickx. 2019. “Public Microbial Resource Centers : Key Hubs for Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable (FAIR) Microorganisms and Genetic Materials.” APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY 85 (21).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Becker, P, M Bosschaerts, Peter Chaerle, H-M Daniel, Ann Hellemans, Anneleen Olbrechts, L Rigouts, A Wilmotte, and M Hendrickx. 2019. “Public Microbial Resource Centers : Key Hubs for Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable (FAIR) Microorganisms and Genetic Materials.” APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY 85 (21).
Vancouver
1.
Becker P, Bosschaerts M, Chaerle P, Daniel H-M, Hellemans A, Olbrechts A, et al. Public microbial resource centers : key hubs for findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable (FAIR) microorganisms and genetic materials. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. 2019;85(21).
IEEE
[1]
P. Becker et al., “Public microbial resource centers : key hubs for findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable (FAIR) microorganisms and genetic materials,” APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, vol. 85, no. 21, 2019.
@article{8640982,
  abstract     = {In the context of open science, the availability of research materials is essential for knowledge accumulation and to maximize the impact of scientific research. In microbiology, microbial domain biological resource centers (mBRCs) have long-standing experience in preserving and distributing authenticated microbial strains and genetic materials (e.g., recombinant plasmids and DNA libraries) to support new discoveries and follow-on studies. These culture collections play a central role in the conservation of microbial biodiversity and have expertise in cultivation, characterization, and taxonomy of microorganisms. Information associated with preserved biological resources is recorded in databases and is accessible through online catalogues. Legal expertise developed by mBRCs guarantees end users the traceability and legality of the acquired material, notably with respect to the Nagoya Protocol. However, awareness of the advantages of depositing biological materials in professional repositories remains low, and the necessity of securing strains and genetic resources for future research must be emphasized. This review describes the unique position of mBRCs in microbiology and molecular biology through their history, evolving roles, expertise, services, challenges, and international collaborations. It also calls for an increased deposit of strains and genetic resources, a responsibility shared by scientists, funding agencies, and publishers. Journal policies requesting a deposit during submission of a manuscript represent one of the measures to make more biological materials available to the broader community, hence fully releasing their potential and improving openness and reproducibility in scientific research.},
  articleno    = {e01444-19},
  author       = {Becker, P and Bosschaerts, M and Chaerle, Peter and Daniel, H-M and Hellemans, Ann and Olbrechts, Anneleen and Rigouts, L and Wilmotte, A and Hendrickx, M},
  issn         = {0099-2240},
  journal      = {APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY},
  keywords     = {YEAST CULTURE COLLECTIONS,STRUCTURING STRAIN DATA,NAGOYA PROTOCOL,INFORMATION,DIVERSITY,INFRASTRUCTURE,RETRIEVAL,EVOLUTION,EMPHASIS,SEQUENCE,culture collection,FAIR,Nagoya Protocol,open access,mBRC},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {21},
  pages        = {13},
  title        = {Public microbial resource centers : key hubs for findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable (FAIR) microorganisms and genetic materials},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.01444-19},
  volume       = {85},
  year         = {2019},
}

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