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An unprecedented depiction of a Syro-Canaanite oared galley on a jar sealing from Tell Tweini

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Abstract
Compared to Cyprus and the Aegean, the Levant suffers from a noticeable dearth of ship imagery for the Late Bronze Age (LBA) and Early Iron Age (EIA) periods alike. To make matters worse, a disproportionate number of the representations come from outside the Levant itself – chiefly from Egyptian, Assyrian, and Cypriote sources. Thus of the forty three known individual contexts, less than half are from the Levant itself. The corpus furthermore skews heavily towards merchant vessels, in particular for the LBA. This means that prior to the representations on Phoenician coins (5th century onwards), there are only a handful of certain depictions of Levantine oared galleys, and virtually none before the mid to late-8th century Assyrian sources. Finally in terms of mediums, ship imagery on Levantine seals is particularly rare, counting a mere eight examples spanning a huge timespan from the 18th to the mid-6th century BC, to which two more can be added from Cyprus. The new sealing from Tell Tweini is therefore a highly significant addition to the corpus on both contextual and technical grounds, as it is not only unusual for its use on a jar handle, but currently represents the earliest secure indigenous depiction of a Levantine galley.
Keywords
Archaeology, Levant, Syria, Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age ship imagery, Tell Tweini

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Citation

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MLA
Manolova, Tzveta, and Joachim Bretschneider. “An Unprecedented Depiction of a Syro-Canaanite Oared Galley on a Jar Sealing from Tell Tweini.” About Tell Tweini (Syria) : Artefacts, Ecofacts and Landscape : Research Results of the Belgian Mission, edited by Joachim Bretschneider and Greta Jans, vol. 281, Peeters, 2019, pp. 117–48.
APA
Manolova, T., & Bretschneider, J. (2019). An unprecedented depiction of a Syro-Canaanite oared galley on a jar sealing from Tell Tweini. In J. Bretschneider & G. Jans (Eds.), About Tell Tweini (Syria) : artefacts, ecofacts and landscape : research results of the Belgian Mission (Vol. 281, pp. 117–148). Leuven: Peeters.
Chicago author-date
Manolova, Tzveta, and Joachim Bretschneider. 2019. “An Unprecedented Depiction of a Syro-Canaanite Oared Galley on a Jar Sealing from Tell Tweini.” In About Tell Tweini (Syria) : Artefacts, Ecofacts and Landscape : Research Results of the Belgian Mission, edited by Joachim Bretschneider and Greta Jans, 281:117–48. Leuven: Peeters.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Manolova, Tzveta, and Joachim Bretschneider. 2019. “An Unprecedented Depiction of a Syro-Canaanite Oared Galley on a Jar Sealing from Tell Tweini.” In About Tell Tweini (Syria) : Artefacts, Ecofacts and Landscape : Research Results of the Belgian Mission, ed by. Joachim Bretschneider and Greta Jans, 281:117–148. Leuven: Peeters.
Vancouver
1.
Manolova T, Bretschneider J. An unprecedented depiction of a Syro-Canaanite oared galley on a jar sealing from Tell Tweini. In: Bretschneider J, Jans G, editors. About Tell Tweini (Syria) : artefacts, ecofacts and landscape : research results of the Belgian Mission. Leuven: Peeters; 2019. p. 117–48.
IEEE
[1]
T. Manolova and J. Bretschneider, “An unprecedented depiction of a Syro-Canaanite oared galley on a jar sealing from Tell Tweini,” in About Tell Tweini (Syria) : artefacts, ecofacts and landscape : research results of the Belgian Mission, vol. 281, J. Bretschneider and G. Jans, Eds. Leuven: Peeters, 2019, pp. 117–148.
@incollection{8640879,
  abstract     = {Compared to Cyprus and the Aegean, the Levant suffers from a noticeable
dearth of ship imagery for the Late Bronze Age (LBA) and Early Iron Age
(EIA) periods alike. To make matters worse, a disproportionate number of the
representations come from outside the Levant itself – chiefly from Egyptian,
Assyrian, and Cypriote sources. Thus of the forty three known individual contexts,
less than half are from the Levant itself. The corpus furthermore skews
heavily towards merchant vessels, in particular for the LBA. This means that
prior to the representations on Phoenician coins (5th century onwards), there are
only a handful of certain depictions of Levantine oared galleys, and virtually
none before the mid to late-8th century Assyrian sources. Finally in terms of
mediums, ship imagery on Levantine seals is particularly rare, counting a mere
eight examples spanning a huge timespan from the 18th to the mid-6th century
BC, to which two more can be added from Cyprus. The new sealing from Tell
Tweini is therefore a highly significant addition to the corpus on both contextual
and technical grounds, as it is not only unusual for its use on a jar handle,
but currently represents the earliest secure indigenous depiction of a Levantine
galley.},
  author       = { Manolova, Tzveta and Bretschneider, Joachim},
  booktitle    = {About Tell Tweini (Syria) : artefacts, ecofacts and landscape : research results of the Belgian Mission},
  editor       = {Bretschneider, Joachim and Jans, Greta},
  isbn         = {9789042936782},
  keywords     = {Archaeology,Levant,Syria,Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age ship imagery,Tell Tweini},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {117--148},
  publisher    = {Peeters},
  series       = {Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta},
  title        = {An unprecedented depiction of a Syro-Canaanite oared galley on a jar sealing from Tell Tweini},
  volume       = {281},
  year         = {2019},
}