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Abstract
Archaeological and ethnographic sources provide evidence for the practice of marking objects of all sorts by a variety of means in many different cultures around the world. In the Eastern Mediterranean of the Late Bronze and Early Iron Ages, the preponderance of extant evidence is in the form of marks impressed, incised, or painted on ceramic vessels. The great majority of Late Bronze Age potmarks have been recovered from Cyprus and neighbouring Ras Shamra/Minet el Beidha, with smaller quantities found along the Eastern Mediterranean and Aegean littoral. Scholarly attention at first focused on incised and painted potmarks as signs of Aegean or Cypriot writing but recent work has more broadly considered the contexts and ductus (manner of application) of the marks with the aim of identifying their functions. Geographical focus has also broadened as increasing numbers of potmarks have been noted in archaeological assemblages from the Levant and, to a more limited degree, Anatolia. In the Iron Age, the prevalence of evidence shifts to the Levant. Here we present seventy-seven potmarks from Field A in the centre of Tell Tweini. This assemblage represents a significant addition to the hitherto published corpora of potmarks from the Late Bronze/Early Iron Age Levant. A more elaborate study was originally planned but the unstable situation in Syria has made further documentation and investigation impossible. We are aware of the preliminary character of this presentation but we nevertheless want to disclose these data now in the hope that this contribution – in anticipation of a more profound study in the future – will to some extent enhance the increasing evidence for marked vessels in general and their connotation for the circulation of goods in the Late Bronze/ Early Iron Age Eastern Mediterranean in particular.
Keywords
Archaeology, Levant, Syria, Bronze Age potmarks, administration, Tell Tweini

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Citation

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MLA
Hirschfeld, Nicolle, et al. “Potmarks from Tell Tweini Field A.” About Tell Tweini (Syria) : Artefacts, Ecofacts and Landscape : Research Results of the Belgian Mission, edited by Joachim Bretschneider and Greta Jans, vol. 281, Peeters, 2019, pp. 81–116.
APA
Hirschfeld, N., Jans, G., & Bretschneider, J. (2019). Potmarks from Tell Tweini field A. In J. Bretschneider & G. Jans (Eds.), About Tell Tweini (Syria) : artefacts, ecofacts and landscape : research results of the Belgian Mission (Vol. 281, pp. 81–116). Leuven: Peeters.
Chicago author-date
Hirschfeld, Nicolle, Greta Jans, and Joachim Bretschneider. 2019. “Potmarks from Tell Tweini Field A.” In About Tell Tweini (Syria) : Artefacts, Ecofacts and Landscape : Research Results of the Belgian Mission, edited by Joachim Bretschneider and Greta Jans, 281:81–116. Leuven: Peeters.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Hirschfeld, Nicolle, Greta Jans, and Joachim Bretschneider. 2019. “Potmarks from Tell Tweini Field A.” In About Tell Tweini (Syria) : Artefacts, Ecofacts and Landscape : Research Results of the Belgian Mission, ed by. Joachim Bretschneider and Greta Jans, 281:81–116. Leuven: Peeters.
Vancouver
1.
Hirschfeld N, Jans G, Bretschneider J. Potmarks from Tell Tweini field A. In: Bretschneider J, Jans G, editors. About Tell Tweini (Syria) : artefacts, ecofacts and landscape : research results of the Belgian Mission. Leuven: Peeters; 2019. p. 81–116.
IEEE
[1]
N. Hirschfeld, G. Jans, and J. Bretschneider, “Potmarks from Tell Tweini field A,” in About Tell Tweini (Syria) : artefacts, ecofacts and landscape : research results of the Belgian Mission, vol. 281, J. Bretschneider and G. Jans, Eds. Leuven: Peeters, 2019, pp. 81–116.
@incollection{8640877,
  abstract     = {Archaeological and ethnographic sources provide evidence for the practice
of marking objects of all sorts by a variety of means in many different cultures
around the world. In the Eastern Mediterranean of the Late Bronze and Early
Iron Ages, the preponderance of extant evidence is in the form of marks
impressed, incised, or painted on ceramic vessels. The great majority of Late
Bronze Age potmarks have been recovered from Cyprus and neighbouring Ras
Shamra/Minet el Beidha, with smaller quantities found along the Eastern Mediterranean
and Aegean littoral. Scholarly attention at first focused on incised and
painted potmarks as signs of Aegean or Cypriot writing but recent work has
more broadly considered the contexts and ductus (manner of application) of the
marks with the aim of identifying their functions. Geographical focus has also
broadened as increasing numbers of potmarks have been noted in archaeological
assemblages from the Levant and, to a more limited degree, Anatolia. In
the Iron Age, the prevalence of evidence shifts to the Levant.
Here we present seventy-seven potmarks from Field A in the centre of Tell
Tweini. This assemblage represents a significant addition to the hitherto published corpora of potmarks from the
Late Bronze/Early Iron Age Levant. A more elaborate study was originally
planned but the unstable situation in Syria has made further documentation and
investigation impossible. We are aware of the preliminary character of this
presentation but we nevertheless want to disclose these data now in the hope
that this contribution – in anticipation of a more profound study in the future –
will to some extent enhance the increasing evidence for marked vessels in
general and their connotation for the circulation of goods in the Late Bronze/
Early Iron Age Eastern Mediterranean in particular.},
  author       = {Hirschfeld, Nicolle and Jans, Greta  and Bretschneider, Joachim},
  booktitle    = {About Tell Tweini (Syria) : artefacts, ecofacts and landscape : research results of the Belgian Mission},
  editor       = {Bretschneider, Joachim and Jans, Greta },
  isbn         = {9789042936782},
  keywords     = {Archaeology,Levant,Syria,Bronze Age potmarks,administration,Tell Tweini},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {81--116},
  publisher    = {Peeters},
  series       = {Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta},
  title        = {Potmarks from Tell Tweini field A},
  volume       = {281},
  year         = {2019},
}