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A BLE-based multi-gateway network infrastructure with handover support for mobile BLE peripherals

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Abstract
Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is a popular technology within the Internet of Things. It allows low-power, star networks to be set up between a BLE gateway and multiple, power-constrained BLE devices. However, these networks tend to be static, not supporting BLE devices that can freely move around in an environment of multiple interconnected BLE gateways and perform handovers whenever necessary. This work proposes two alternative network architectures for mobile BLE peripherals. One leverages on IPv6 over BLE, whereas the other combines default BLE mechanisms with an additional custom controller. On top, we study in detail the handover mechanism that must be present in both architectures and compare the performance of both a passive and active handover approach. The passive handover approach can be set up without any extra implementation, but an active handover approach offers more proactive handover decisions and can provide a much lower handover latency. All proposed solutions have been implemented and validated on real hardware, showing the feasibility of having future infrastructures with support for mobile BLE devices.
Keywords
IoT, BLE, IP, Non-IP, handover, mobility

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Citation

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MLA
Baert, Mathias, et al. “A BLE-Based Multi-Gateway Network Infrastructure with Handover Support for Mobile BLE Peripherals.” 2019 IEEE 16TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MOBILE AD HOC AND SMART SYSTEMS (MASS 2019), IEEE, 2019, pp. 91–99, doi:10.1109/MASS.2019.00020.
APA
Baert, M., Camerlynck, P., Crombez, P., & Hoebeke, J. (2019). A BLE-based multi-gateway network infrastructure with handover support for mobile BLE peripherals. In 2019 IEEE 16TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MOBILE AD HOC AND SMART SYSTEMS (MASS 2019) (pp. 91–99). Monterey, CA: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/MASS.2019.00020
Chicago author-date
Baert, Mathias, Pieterjan Camerlynck, Pieter Crombez, and Jeroen Hoebeke. 2019. “A BLE-Based Multi-Gateway Network Infrastructure with Handover Support for Mobile BLE Peripherals.” In 2019 IEEE 16TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MOBILE AD HOC AND SMART SYSTEMS (MASS 2019), 91–99. IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/MASS.2019.00020.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Baert, Mathias, Pieterjan Camerlynck, Pieter Crombez, and Jeroen Hoebeke. 2019. “A BLE-Based Multi-Gateway Network Infrastructure with Handover Support for Mobile BLE Peripherals.” In 2019 IEEE 16TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MOBILE AD HOC AND SMART SYSTEMS (MASS 2019), 91–99. IEEE. doi:10.1109/MASS.2019.00020.
Vancouver
1.
Baert M, Camerlynck P, Crombez P, Hoebeke J. A BLE-based multi-gateway network infrastructure with handover support for mobile BLE peripherals. In: 2019 IEEE 16TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MOBILE AD HOC AND SMART SYSTEMS (MASS 2019). IEEE; 2019. p. 91–9.
IEEE
[1]
M. Baert, P. Camerlynck, P. Crombez, and J. Hoebeke, “A BLE-based multi-gateway network infrastructure with handover support for mobile BLE peripherals,” in 2019 IEEE 16TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MOBILE AD HOC AND SMART SYSTEMS (MASS 2019), Monterey, CA, 2019, pp. 91–99.
@inproceedings{8640783,
  abstract     = {{Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is a popular technology within the Internet of Things. It allows low-power, star networks to be set up between a BLE gateway and multiple, power-constrained BLE devices. However, these networks tend to be static, not supporting BLE devices that can freely move around in an environment of multiple interconnected BLE gateways and perform handovers whenever necessary. This work proposes two alternative network architectures for mobile BLE peripherals. One leverages on IPv6 over BLE, whereas the other combines default BLE mechanisms with an additional custom controller. On top, we study in detail the handover mechanism that must be present in both architectures and compare the performance of both a passive and active handover approach. The passive handover approach can be set up without any extra implementation, but an active handover approach offers more proactive handover decisions and can provide a much lower handover latency. All proposed solutions have been implemented and validated on real hardware, showing the feasibility of having future infrastructures with support for mobile BLE devices.}},
  author       = {{Baert, Mathias and Camerlynck, Pieterjan and Crombez, Pieter and Hoebeke, Jeroen}},
  booktitle    = {{2019 IEEE 16TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MOBILE AD HOC AND SMART SYSTEMS (MASS 2019)}},
  isbn         = {{9781728146010}},
  issn         = {{2155-6814}},
  keywords     = {{IoT,BLE,IP,Non-IP,handover,mobility}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  location     = {{Monterey, CA}},
  pages        = {{91--99}},
  publisher    = {{IEEE}},
  title        = {{A BLE-based multi-gateway network infrastructure with handover support for mobile BLE peripherals}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MASS.2019.00020}},
  year         = {{2019}},
}

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