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Comparison of motor-phonetic versus phonetic-phonological speech therapy approaches in patients with a cleft (lip and) palate : a study in Uganda

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Abstract
Introduction: At present, there is growing interest in combined phonetic-phonological approaches to treat active speech errors in children with a cleft (lip and) palate (CP +/- L). Unfortunately, evidence for these type of speech interventions in this population is lacking. Therefore, the present study investigated the effectiveness of speech intervention in Ugandan patients with CP +/- L. Moreover, a comparison was made between a motor-phonetic and a phonetic-phonological speech intervention. Methods: Eight patients (median age: 11.26y) with an isolated CP +/- L were assigned into a group receiving motor-phonetic treatment (n = 4) or a group receiving combined phonetic-phonological treatment (n = 4). The participants received 6h of individual speech therapy. In both groups, perceptual and instrumental speech evaluations were performed to evaluate the patients' speech before and after the intervention. Results: Speech therapy (irrespective of the used approach) was found to be effective in increasing consonant proficiency and in decreasing the occurrence of non-oral and passive CSCs. No statistically significant differences in outcome variables were found when comparing the two groups pre- and post-treatment. The descriptive results, however, revealed a larger increase in % correctly produced consonants, places and manners after the intervention in the group receiving a combined phonetic-phonological treatment compared to the group receiving a motor-phonetic treatment. Conclusion: This study took a first step in providing evidence concerning the effectiveness of different speech therapy approaches in children with CP +/- L. The present study holds some important implications for clinical practice suggesting that an additional phonological approach may be beneficial for the patients with CP +/- L. Further research including randomized controlled trials with larger sample sizes is necessary to provide further evidence.
Keywords
ARTICULATION THERAPY, AUDIT PROTOCOL, CHILDREN, INTERVENTION, REMEDIATION, OUTCOMES, Cleft (lip and) palate, Speech therapy, Motor-phonetics, Phonology, Uganda

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MLA
Alighieri, Cassandra, et al. “Comparison of Motor-Phonetic versus Phonetic-Phonological Speech Therapy Approaches in Patients with a Cleft (Lip and) Palate : A Study in Uganda.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY, vol. 131, 2020, doi:10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.109849.
APA
Alighieri, C., Bettens, K., Bruneel, L., Sseremba, D., Musasizi, D., Ojoc, I., & Van Lierde, K. (2020). Comparison of motor-phonetic versus phonetic-phonological speech therapy approaches in patients with a cleft (lip and) palate : a study in Uganda. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY, 131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.109849
Chicago author-date
Alighieri, Cassandra, Kim Bettens, Laura Bruneel, Daniel Sseremba, Duncan Musasizi, Isaac Ojoc, and Kristiane Van Lierde. 2020. “Comparison of Motor-Phonetic versus Phonetic-Phonological Speech Therapy Approaches in Patients with a Cleft (Lip and) Palate : A Study in Uganda.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY 131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.109849.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Alighieri, Cassandra, Kim Bettens, Laura Bruneel, Daniel Sseremba, Duncan Musasizi, Isaac Ojoc, and Kristiane Van Lierde. 2020. “Comparison of Motor-Phonetic versus Phonetic-Phonological Speech Therapy Approaches in Patients with a Cleft (Lip and) Palate : A Study in Uganda.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY 131. doi:10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.109849.
Vancouver
1.
Alighieri C, Bettens K, Bruneel L, Sseremba D, Musasizi D, Ojoc I, et al. Comparison of motor-phonetic versus phonetic-phonological speech therapy approaches in patients with a cleft (lip and) palate : a study in Uganda. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY. 2020;131.
IEEE
[1]
C. Alighieri et al., “Comparison of motor-phonetic versus phonetic-phonological speech therapy approaches in patients with a cleft (lip and) palate : a study in Uganda,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY, vol. 131, 2020.
@article{8640200,
  abstract     = {{Introduction: At present, there is growing interest in combined phonetic-phonological approaches to treat active speech errors in children with a cleft (lip and) palate (CP +/- L). Unfortunately, evidence for these type of speech interventions in this population is lacking. Therefore, the present study investigated the effectiveness of speech intervention in Ugandan patients with CP +/- L. Moreover, a comparison was made between a motor-phonetic and a phonetic-phonological speech intervention.

Methods: Eight patients (median age: 11.26y) with an isolated CP +/- L were assigned into a group receiving motor-phonetic treatment (n = 4) or a group receiving combined phonetic-phonological treatment (n = 4). The participants received 6h of individual speech therapy. In both groups, perceptual and instrumental speech evaluations were performed to evaluate the patients' speech before and after the intervention.

Results: Speech therapy (irrespective of the used approach) was found to be effective in increasing consonant proficiency and in decreasing the occurrence of non-oral and passive CSCs. No statistically significant differences in outcome variables were found when comparing the two groups pre- and post-treatment. The descriptive results, however, revealed a larger increase in % correctly produced consonants, places and manners after the intervention in the group receiving a combined phonetic-phonological treatment compared to the group receiving a motor-phonetic treatment.

Conclusion: This study took a first step in providing evidence concerning the effectiveness of different speech therapy approaches in children with CP +/- L. The present study holds some important implications for clinical practice suggesting that an additional phonological approach may be beneficial for the patients with CP +/- L. Further research including randomized controlled trials with larger sample sizes is necessary to provide further evidence.}},
  articleno    = {{109849}},
  author       = {{Alighieri, Cassandra and Bettens, Kim and Bruneel, Laura and Sseremba, Daniel and Musasizi, Duncan and Ojoc, Isaac and Van Lierde, Kristiane}},
  issn         = {{0165-5876}},
  journal      = {{INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY}},
  keywords     = {{ARTICULATION THERAPY,AUDIT PROTOCOL,CHILDREN,INTERVENTION,REMEDIATION,OUTCOMES,Cleft (lip and) palate,Speech therapy,Motor-phonetics,Phonology,Uganda}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{9}},
  title        = {{Comparison of motor-phonetic versus phonetic-phonological speech therapy approaches in patients with a cleft (lip and) palate : a study in Uganda}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.109849}},
  volume       = {{131}},
  year         = {{2020}},
}

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