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Features of Marfan syndrome not listed in the Ghent nosology : the dark side of the disease

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Abstract
Introduction: The revised Ghent nosology presents the classical features of Marfan syndrome. However, behind its familiar face, Marfan syndrome hides less well-known features. Areas covered: The German Marfan Organization listed unusual symptoms and clinical experts reviewed the literature on clinical features of Marfan syndrome not listed in the Ghent nosology. Thereby we identified the following features: (1) bicuspid aortic valve, mitral valve prolapse, pulmonary valve prolapse, tricuspid valve prolapse, (2) heart failure and cardiomyopathy, (3) supraventricular arrhythmia, ventricular arrhythmia, and abnormal repolarization, (4) spontaneous coronary artery dissection, anomalous coronary arteries, and atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, tortuosity-, aneurysm-, and dissection of large and medium-sized arteries, (5) restrictive lung disease, parenchymal lung disease, and airway disorders, (6) obstructive- and central sleep apnea, (7) liver and kidney cysts, biliary tract disease, diaphragmatic hernia, and adiposity, (8) premature labor, and urinary incontinence, (9) myopathy, reduced bone mineral density, and craniofacial manifestations, (10) atrophic scars, (11) caries, and craniomandibular dysfunction, (12) headache from migraine and spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leakage, (13) cognitive dysfunction, schizophrenia, depression, fatigue, and pain, (14) and activated fibrinolysis, thrombin, platelets, acquired von Willebrand disease, and platelet dysfunction. Expert commentary: Future research, nosologies, and guidelines may consider less well-known features of Marfan syndrome.
Keywords
Internal Medicine, Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine, General Medicine, BONE-MINERAL DENSITY, OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP-APNEA, SPONTANEOUS INTRACRANIAL HYPOTENSION, CORONARY-ARTERY DISSECTION, LEFT-VENTRICULAR FUNCTION, MITRAL-VALVE-PROLAPSE, CONNECTIVE-TISSUE DISORDERS, THORACIC AORTIC-ANEURYSMS, CONGENITAL HEART-DISEASE, VON-WILLEBRAND-SYNDROME, Marfan syndrome, FBN1, Ghent nosology, manifestations, mitral valve, aortic valve, myocardium, vascular, arrhythmia, lung, sleep, adiposity, urogenital, muscle, skeleton, dental, psychology, hemostasis

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MLA
von Kodolitsch, Yskert, et al. “Features of Marfan Syndrome Not Listed in the Ghent Nosology : The Dark Side of the Disease.” Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy, vol. 17, no. 12, 2019, pp. 883–915.
APA
von Kodolitsch, Y., Demolder, A., Girdauskas, E., Kaemmerer, H., Kornhuber, K., Muiño Mosquera, L., … De Backer, J. (2019). Features of Marfan syndrome not listed in the Ghent nosology : the dark side of the disease. Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy, 17(12), 883–915.
Chicago author-date
Kodolitsch, Yskert von, Anthony Demolder, Evaldas Girdauskas, Harald Kaemmerer, Katharina Kornhuber, Laura Muiño Mosquera, Shaine Morris, et al. 2019. “Features of Marfan Syndrome Not Listed in the Ghent Nosology : The Dark Side of the Disease.” Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy 17 (12): 883–915.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
von Kodolitsch, Yskert, Anthony Demolder, Evaldas Girdauskas, Harald Kaemmerer, Katharina Kornhuber, Laura Muiño Mosquera, Shaine Morris, Enid Neptune, Reed Pyeritz, Svend Rand-Hendriksen, Alexander Rahman, Nina Riise, Leema Robert, Ingmar Staufenbiel, Katalin Szöcs, Thy Thy Vanem, Stephan J. Linke, Marina Vogler, Anji Yetman, and Julie De Backer. 2019. “Features of Marfan Syndrome Not Listed in the Ghent Nosology : The Dark Side of the Disease.” Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy 17 (12): 883–915.
Vancouver
1.
von Kodolitsch Y, Demolder A, Girdauskas E, Kaemmerer H, Kornhuber K, Muiño Mosquera L, et al. Features of Marfan syndrome not listed in the Ghent nosology : the dark side of the disease. Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy. 2019;17(12):883–915.
IEEE
[1]
Y. von Kodolitsch et al., “Features of Marfan syndrome not listed in the Ghent nosology : the dark side of the disease,” Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy, vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 883–915, 2019.
@article{8640129,
  abstract     = {Introduction: The revised Ghent nosology presents the classical features of Marfan syndrome. However, behind its familiar face, Marfan syndrome hides less well-known features. Areas covered: The German Marfan Organization listed unusual symptoms and clinical experts reviewed the literature on clinical features of Marfan syndrome not listed in the Ghent nosology. Thereby we identified the following features: (1) bicuspid aortic valve, mitral valve prolapse, pulmonary valve prolapse, tricuspid valve prolapse, (2) heart failure and cardiomyopathy, (3) supraventricular arrhythmia, ventricular arrhythmia, and abnormal repolarization, (4) spontaneous coronary artery dissection, anomalous coronary arteries, and atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, tortuosity-, aneurysm-, and dissection of large and medium-sized arteries, (5) restrictive lung disease, parenchymal lung disease, and airway disorders, (6) obstructive- and central sleep apnea, (7) liver and kidney cysts, biliary tract disease, diaphragmatic hernia, and adiposity, (8) premature labor, and urinary incontinence, (9) myopathy, reduced bone mineral density, and craniofacial manifestations, (10) atrophic scars, (11) caries, and craniomandibular dysfunction, (12) headache from migraine and spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leakage, (13) cognitive dysfunction, schizophrenia, depression, fatigue, and pain, (14) and activated fibrinolysis, thrombin, platelets, acquired von Willebrand disease, and platelet dysfunction. Expert commentary: Future research, nosologies, and guidelines may consider less well-known features of Marfan syndrome.},
  author       = {von Kodolitsch, Yskert and Demolder, Anthony and Girdauskas, Evaldas and Kaemmerer, Harald and Kornhuber, Katharina and Muiño Mosquera, Laura and Morris, Shaine and Neptune, Enid and Pyeritz, Reed and Rand-Hendriksen, Svend and Rahman, Alexander and Riise, Nina and Robert, Leema and Staufenbiel, Ingmar and Szöcs, Katalin and Vanem, Thy Thy and Linke, Stephan J. and Vogler, Marina and Yetman, Anji and De Backer, Julie},
  issn         = {1477-9072},
  journal      = {Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy},
  keywords     = {Internal Medicine,Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine,General Medicine,BONE-MINERAL DENSITY,OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP-APNEA,SPONTANEOUS INTRACRANIAL HYPOTENSION,CORONARY-ARTERY DISSECTION,LEFT-VENTRICULAR FUNCTION,MITRAL-VALVE-PROLAPSE,CONNECTIVE-TISSUE DISORDERS,THORACIC AORTIC-ANEURYSMS,CONGENITAL HEART-DISEASE,VON-WILLEBRAND-SYNDROME,Marfan syndrome,FBN1,Ghent nosology,manifestations,mitral valve,aortic valve,myocardium,vascular,arrhythmia,lung,sleep,adiposity,urogenital,muscle,skeleton,dental,psychology,hemostasis},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {883--915},
  title        = {Features of Marfan syndrome not listed in the Ghent nosology : the dark side of the disease},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14779072.2019.1704625},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2019},
}

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