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Expert consensus : practical algorithms for management of inflammatory bowel disease patients presenting with back pain or peripheral arthropathies

(2019) ALIMENTARY PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS. 50(11-12). p.1204-1213
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Abstract
Background: Spondyloarthritis is the most frequent extra-intestinal manifestation of IBD. Aim: To present simple strategies to identify and differentiate inflammatory joint pain in IBD patients. Methods: A panel of Belgian gastroenterologists and rheumatologists developed seven algorithms for IBD patients with joint symptoms based on a Delphi exercise conducted between April and December 2016. Here, we focus on referral strategies for patients with chronic back pain (evidence-based strategy), large joint monoarthritis, oligo- or polyarticular arthritis or arthralgia (based on expert opinion). We also present management tools for IBD patients with acute back pain and small joint monoarthritis (Supplementary file). Results: The reported algorithm for IBD patients with chronic back pain uses basic clinical criteria to identify which patients should be referred to the emergency room (spondylodiscitis), physical medicine and rehabilitation (mechanical back pain) or rheumatologist (spondyloarthritis). IBD patients with large joint monoarthritis should be referred to emergency room if septic arthritis is suspected; in other patients, blood analyses and referral to a rheumatologist for articular puncture with evacuation of synovial fluid are recommended. The analysis of synovial fluid allows for identification of non-inflammatory (e.g., osteoarthritis) and inflammatory (e.g., [pseudo]-gout, peripheral spondyloarthritis and Borrelia burgdorferi arthritis) conditions. In patients with inflammatory oligoarticular or polyarticular arthralgia, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, concomitant therapies, anti-nuclear factor and anti-double-stranded DNA antibody levels should be evaluated; in anti-tumour necrosis factor-treated patients, a drug-induced lupus-like syndrome should be considered. Conclusions: We propose straightforward strategies for IBD patients with joint symptoms, which are specific enough to select initial treatment and referral pattern.
Keywords
SYSTEMIC-LUPUS-ERYTHEMATOSUS, ANTITUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR, ANKYLOSING-SPONDYLITIS, EXTRAINTESTINAL MANIFESTATIONS, DOUBLE-BLIND, RADIOGRAPHIC PROGRESSION, PREDISPOSING FACTORS, ULCERATIVE-COLITIS, CROHNS-DISEASE, SACROILIITIS

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MLA
Varkas, Gaëlle, et al. “Expert Consensus : Practical Algorithms for Management of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients Presenting with Back Pain or Peripheral Arthropathies.” ALIMENTARY PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS, vol. 50, no. 11–12, 2019, pp. 1204–13, doi:10.1111/apt.15519.
APA
Varkas, G., Ribbens, C., Louis, E., Van den Bosch, F., Lories, R., Vermeire, S., … De Vos, M. (2019). Expert consensus : practical algorithms for management of inflammatory bowel disease patients presenting with back pain or peripheral arthropathies. ALIMENTARY PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS, 50(11–12), 1204–1213. https://doi.org/10.1111/apt.15519
Chicago author-date
Varkas, Gaëlle, Clio Ribbens, Edouard Louis, Filip Van den Bosch, Rik Lories, Severine Vermeire, Dirk Elewaut, and Martine De Vos. 2019. “Expert Consensus : Practical Algorithms for Management of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients Presenting with Back Pain or Peripheral Arthropathies.” ALIMENTARY PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS 50 (11–12): 1204–13. https://doi.org/10.1111/apt.15519.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Varkas, Gaëlle, Clio Ribbens, Edouard Louis, Filip Van den Bosch, Rik Lories, Severine Vermeire, Dirk Elewaut, and Martine De Vos. 2019. “Expert Consensus : Practical Algorithms for Management of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients Presenting with Back Pain or Peripheral Arthropathies.” ALIMENTARY PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS 50 (11–12): 1204–1213. doi:10.1111/apt.15519.
Vancouver
1.
Varkas G, Ribbens C, Louis E, Van den Bosch F, Lories R, Vermeire S, et al. Expert consensus : practical algorithms for management of inflammatory bowel disease patients presenting with back pain or peripheral arthropathies. ALIMENTARY PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS. 2019;50(11–12):1204–13.
IEEE
[1]
G. Varkas et al., “Expert consensus : practical algorithms for management of inflammatory bowel disease patients presenting with back pain or peripheral arthropathies,” ALIMENTARY PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS, vol. 50, no. 11–12, pp. 1204–1213, 2019.
@article{8639722,
  abstract     = {Background: Spondyloarthritis is the most frequent extra-intestinal manifestation of IBD.
Aim: To present simple strategies to identify and differentiate inflammatory joint pain in IBD patients.
Methods: A panel of Belgian gastroenterologists and rheumatologists developed seven algorithms for IBD patients with joint symptoms based on a Delphi exercise conducted between April and December 2016. Here, we focus on referral strategies for patients with chronic back pain (evidence-based strategy), large joint monoarthritis, oligo- or polyarticular arthritis or arthralgia (based on expert opinion). We also present management tools for IBD patients with acute back pain and small joint monoarthritis (Supplementary file).
Results: The reported algorithm for IBD patients with chronic back pain uses basic clinical criteria to identify which patients should be referred to the emergency room (spondylodiscitis), physical medicine and rehabilitation (mechanical back pain) or rheumatologist (spondyloarthritis). IBD patients with large joint monoarthritis should be referred to emergency room if septic arthritis is suspected; in other patients, blood analyses and referral to a rheumatologist for articular puncture with evacuation of synovial fluid are recommended. The analysis of synovial fluid allows for identification of non-inflammatory (e.g., osteoarthritis) and inflammatory (e.g., [pseudo]-gout, peripheral spondyloarthritis and Borrelia burgdorferi arthritis) conditions. In patients with inflammatory oligoarticular or polyarticular arthralgia, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, concomitant therapies, anti-nuclear factor and anti-double-stranded DNA antibody levels should be evaluated; in anti-tumour necrosis factor-treated patients, a drug-induced lupus-like syndrome should be considered.
Conclusions: We propose straightforward strategies for IBD patients with joint symptoms, which are specific enough to select initial treatment and referral pattern.},
  author       = {Varkas, Gaëlle and Ribbens, Clio and Louis, Edouard and Van den Bosch, Filip and Lories, Rik and Vermeire, Severine and Elewaut, Dirk and De Vos, Martine},
  issn         = {0269-2813},
  journal      = {ALIMENTARY PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS},
  keywords     = {SYSTEMIC-LUPUS-ERYTHEMATOSUS,ANTITUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR,ANKYLOSING-SPONDYLITIS,EXTRAINTESTINAL MANIFESTATIONS,DOUBLE-BLIND,RADIOGRAPHIC PROGRESSION,PREDISPOSING FACTORS,ULCERATIVE-COLITIS,CROHNS-DISEASE,SACROILIITIS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11-12},
  pages        = {1204--1213},
  title        = {Expert consensus : practical algorithms for management of inflammatory bowel disease patients presenting with back pain or peripheral arthropathies},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apt.15519},
  volume       = {50},
  year         = {2019},
}

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