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Solvent-control over monomer distribution in the copolymerization of 2-oxazolines and the effect of a gradient structure on self-assembly

(2019) POLYMER CHEMISTRY. 10(37). p.5116-5123
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Abstract
One-pot synthesis of gradient copolymers by statistical copolymerization represents an elegant route to amphiphilic copolymers as a basis for micellar systems. Herein, we propose a robust strategy to control the monomer distribution along the gradient copolymer chain by appropriate selection of the polymerization solvent. The gradient formation was investigated for copolymerizations of the hydrophilic 2-methyl-2-oxazoline (MeOx) and the hydrophobic 2-phenyl-2-oxazoline (PhOx) using sulfolane and acetonitrile as the polymerization solvents revealing a striking difference. In sulfolane, a quasi-block (CP2) like character was observed, whereas acetonitrile led to a more gradient-like (CP3) copolymer. The monomer distribution was found to have an impact on the micellization behavior of both amphiphilic copolymers, which was also compared with the analogous block copolymer (CP1). CP1 led to the formation of the smallest micelles, followed by a somewhat larger structure formed by CP2, while CP3 self-assembles into significantly larger nanoparticles. These findings open up a route to new amphiphilic copolymer systems with precisely fine-tuned architecture.
Keywords
REACTIVITY RATIOS, BLOCK, 2-ETHYL-2-OXAZOLINE, POLYMERIZATION, ARCHITECTURE, MICELLES, BEHAVIOR, STYRENE

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Citation

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MLA
Bera, Debaditya, et al. “Solvent-Control over Monomer Distribution in the Copolymerization of 2-Oxazolines and the Effect of a Gradient Structure on Self-Assembly.” POLYMER CHEMISTRY, vol. 10, no. 37, 2019, pp. 5116–23.
APA
Bera, D., Sedlacek, O., Jager, E., Pavlova, E., Vergaelen, M., & Hoogenboom, R. (2019). Solvent-control over monomer distribution in the copolymerization of 2-oxazolines and the effect of a gradient structure on self-assembly. POLYMER CHEMISTRY, 10(37), 5116–5123.
Chicago author-date
Bera, Debaditya, Ondrej Sedlacek, Etiezer Jager, Ewa Pavlova, Maarten Vergaelen, and Richard Hoogenboom. 2019. “Solvent-Control over Monomer Distribution in the Copolymerization of 2-Oxazolines and the Effect of a Gradient Structure on Self-Assembly.” POLYMER CHEMISTRY 10 (37): 5116–23.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Bera, Debaditya, Ondrej Sedlacek, Etiezer Jager, Ewa Pavlova, Maarten Vergaelen, and Richard Hoogenboom. 2019. “Solvent-Control over Monomer Distribution in the Copolymerization of 2-Oxazolines and the Effect of a Gradient Structure on Self-Assembly.” POLYMER CHEMISTRY 10 (37): 5116–5123.
Vancouver
1.
Bera D, Sedlacek O, Jager E, Pavlova E, Vergaelen M, Hoogenboom R. Solvent-control over monomer distribution in the copolymerization of 2-oxazolines and the effect of a gradient structure on self-assembly. POLYMER CHEMISTRY. 2019;10(37):5116–23.
IEEE
[1]
D. Bera, O. Sedlacek, E. Jager, E. Pavlova, M. Vergaelen, and R. Hoogenboom, “Solvent-control over monomer distribution in the copolymerization of 2-oxazolines and the effect of a gradient structure on self-assembly,” POLYMER CHEMISTRY, vol. 10, no. 37, pp. 5116–5123, 2019.
@article{8638857,
  abstract     = {One-pot synthesis of gradient copolymers by statistical copolymerization represents an elegant route to amphiphilic copolymers as a basis for micellar systems. Herein, we propose a robust strategy to control the monomer distribution along the gradient copolymer chain by appropriate selection of the polymerization solvent. The gradient formation was investigated for copolymerizations of the hydrophilic 2-methyl-2-oxazoline (MeOx) and the hydrophobic 2-phenyl-2-oxazoline (PhOx) using sulfolane and acetonitrile as the polymerization solvents revealing a striking difference. In sulfolane, a quasi-block (CP2) like character was observed, whereas acetonitrile led to a more gradient-like (CP3) copolymer. The monomer distribution was found to have an impact on the micellization behavior of both amphiphilic copolymers, which was also compared with the analogous block copolymer (CP1). CP1 led to the formation of the smallest micelles, followed by a somewhat larger structure formed by CP2, while CP3 self-assembles into significantly larger nanoparticles. These findings open up a route to new amphiphilic copolymer systems with precisely fine-tuned architecture.},
  author       = {Bera, Debaditya and Sedlacek, Ondrej and Jager, Etiezer and Pavlova, Ewa and Vergaelen, Maarten and Hoogenboom, Richard},
  issn         = {1759-9954},
  journal      = {POLYMER CHEMISTRY},
  keywords     = {REACTIVITY RATIOS,BLOCK,2-ETHYL-2-OXAZOLINE,POLYMERIZATION,ARCHITECTURE,MICELLES,BEHAVIOR,STYRENE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {37},
  pages        = {5116--5123},
  title        = {Solvent-control over monomer distribution in the copolymerization of 2-oxazolines and the effect of a gradient structure on self-assembly},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9py00927b},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2019},
}

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