Advanced search
1 file | 858.25 KB Add to list

Periodization of plyometrics : is there an optimal overload principle?

Maarten Lievens (UGent) , Jan Bourgois (UGent) and Jan Boone (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
This study investigated the acute and chronic effects of 3 plyometric training (PT) programs with equal training loads (intensity × volume × frequency) on speed, agility, and jumping performance. Forty-four male recreational team sport athletes were either assigned to a program that increased training volume with exercises of mixed intensity (Mix), kept training volume equal and increased exercise intensity (LowHi), increased training volume and kept exercise intensity low (Low), or to a control group (Control). Subjects were trained twice a week for 8 weeks and were tested for 5- (5 m) and 10-m sprint (10 m), 5 × 10-m shuttle run (5 × 10 m), squat jump (SJ), countermovement jump without and with arm swing, and standing broad jump. Five-, 10- and 5 × 10-m performance did not change (p > 0.05) after the PT program. Jumping performance, except for SJ (p = 0.114), improved significantly (p < 0.05) in the PT groups compared with the control group. However, no mutual differences (p < 0.05) were established between plyometric groups. In addition, it was shown that a PT of high intensity was more likely to affect performance and blood inflammation markers in the following days. To conclude, PT programs following a different overload pattern, i.e., different combination of volume and intensity, but equal training load showed similar performance effects in recreationally trained men. However, before competition, a PT of low intensity is preferred over a PT of high intensity to avoid a decline in performance.

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 858.25 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Lievens, Maarten, et al. “Periodization of Plyometrics : Is There an Optimal Overload Principle?” JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 2020.
APA
Lievens, M., Bourgois, J., & Boone, J. (2020). Periodization of plyometrics : is there an optimal overload principle? JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH.
Chicago author-date
Lievens, Maarten, Jan Bourgois, and Jan Boone. 2020. “Periodization of Plyometrics : Is There an Optimal Overload Principle?” JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Lievens, Maarten, Jan Bourgois, and Jan Boone. 2020. “Periodization of Plyometrics : Is There an Optimal Overload Principle?” JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH.
Vancouver
1.
Lievens M, Bourgois J, Boone J. Periodization of plyometrics : is there an optimal overload principle? JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH. 2020;
IEEE
[1]
M. Lievens, J. Bourgois, and J. Boone, “Periodization of plyometrics : is there an optimal overload principle?,” JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 2020.
@article{8638574,
  abstract     = {This study investigated the acute and chronic effects of 3 plyometric training (PT) programs with equal training loads (intensity × volume × frequency) on speed, agility, and jumping performance. Forty-four male recreational team sport athletes were either assigned to a program that increased training volume with exercises of mixed intensity (Mix), kept training volume equal and increased exercise intensity (LowHi), increased training volume and kept exercise intensity low (Low), or to a control group (Control). Subjects were trained twice a week for 8 weeks and were tested for 5- (5 m) and 10-m sprint (10 m), 5 × 10-m shuttle run (5 × 10 m), squat jump (SJ), countermovement jump without and with arm swing, and standing broad jump. Five-, 10- and 5 × 10-m performance did not change (p > 0.05) after the PT program. Jumping performance, except for SJ (p = 0.114), improved significantly (p < 0.05) in the PT groups compared with the control group. However, no mutual differences (p < 0.05) were established between plyometric groups. In addition, it was shown that a PT of high intensity was more likely to affect performance and blood inflammation markers in the following days. To conclude, PT programs following a different overload pattern, i.e., different combination of volume and intensity, but equal training load showed similar performance effects in recreationally trained men. However, before competition, a PT of low intensity is preferred over a PT of high intensity to avoid a decline in performance.},
  author       = {Lievens, Maarten and Bourgois, Jan and Boone, Jan},
  issn         = {1064-8011},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {Periodization of plyometrics : is there an optimal overload principle?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000003231},
  year         = {2020},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric