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Lattice-based versus lattice-free individual-based models : impact on coexistence in competitive communities

Aisling Daly (UGent) , Ward Quaghebeur (UGent) , Tim Depraetere (UGent) , Jan Baetens (UGent) and Bernard De Baets (UGent)
(2019) NATURAL COMPUTING. 18(4). p.855-864
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Abstract
Individual-based modelling is an increasingly popular framework for modelling biological systems. Many of these models represent space as a lattice, thus imposing unrealistic limitations on the movement of the modelled individuals. We adapt an existing model of three competing species by using a lattice-free approach, thereby improving the realism of the spatial dynamics. We retrieve the same qualitative dynamics as the lattice-based approach. However, by facilitating a higher spatial heterogeneity and allowing for small spatial refuges to form and persist, the maintenance of coexistence is promoted, in correspondence with experimental results. We also implement a directed movement mechanism allowing individuals of different species to pursue or flee from each other. Simulations show that the effects on coexistence depend on the level of aggregation in the community: a high level of aggregation is advantageous for maintaining coexistence, whereas a low level of aggregation is disadvantageous. This agrees with experimental results, where pursuing and escaping behaviour has been observed to be advantageous only in certain circumstances.
Keywords
SPATIAL REFUGE, BIODIVERSITY, SIMULATION, PROMOTES, MOBILITY, GAME, Cyclic competition, Coexistence, Individual-based model, Directed, movement

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MLA
Daly, Aisling, et al. “Lattice-Based versus Lattice-Free Individual-Based Models : Impact on Coexistence in Competitive Communities.” NATURAL COMPUTING, vol. 18, no. 4, 2019, pp. 855–64.
APA
Daly, A., Quaghebeur, W., Depraetere, T., Baetens, J., & De Baets, B. (2019). Lattice-based versus lattice-free individual-based models : impact on coexistence in competitive communities. NATURAL COMPUTING, 18(4), 855–864.
Chicago author-date
Daly, Aisling, Ward Quaghebeur, Tim Depraetere, Jan Baetens, and Bernard De Baets. 2019. “Lattice-Based versus Lattice-Free Individual-Based Models : Impact on Coexistence in Competitive Communities.” NATURAL COMPUTING 18 (4): 855–64.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Daly, Aisling, Ward Quaghebeur, Tim Depraetere, Jan Baetens, and Bernard De Baets. 2019. “Lattice-Based versus Lattice-Free Individual-Based Models : Impact on Coexistence in Competitive Communities.” NATURAL COMPUTING 18 (4): 855–864.
Vancouver
1.
Daly A, Quaghebeur W, Depraetere T, Baetens J, De Baets B. Lattice-based versus lattice-free individual-based models : impact on coexistence in competitive communities. NATURAL COMPUTING. 2019;18(4):855–64.
IEEE
[1]
A. Daly, W. Quaghebeur, T. Depraetere, J. Baetens, and B. De Baets, “Lattice-based versus lattice-free individual-based models : impact on coexistence in competitive communities,” NATURAL COMPUTING, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 855–864, 2019.
@article{8636863,
  abstract     = {Individual-based modelling is an increasingly popular framework for modelling biological systems. Many of these models represent space as a lattice, thus imposing unrealistic limitations on the movement of the modelled individuals. We adapt an existing model of three competing species by using a lattice-free approach, thereby improving the realism of the spatial dynamics. We retrieve the same qualitative dynamics as the lattice-based approach. However, by facilitating a higher spatial heterogeneity and allowing for small spatial refuges to form and persist, the maintenance of coexistence is promoted, in correspondence with experimental results. We also implement a directed movement mechanism allowing individuals of different species to pursue or flee from each other. Simulations show that the effects on coexistence depend on the level of aggregation in the community: a high level of aggregation is advantageous for maintaining coexistence, whereas a low level of aggregation is disadvantageous. This agrees with experimental results, where pursuing and escaping behaviour has been observed to be advantageous only in certain circumstances.},
  author       = {Daly, Aisling and Quaghebeur, Ward and Depraetere, Tim and Baetens, Jan and De Baets, Bernard},
  issn         = {1567-7818},
  journal      = {NATURAL COMPUTING},
  keywords     = {SPATIAL REFUGE,BIODIVERSITY,SIMULATION,PROMOTES,MOBILITY,GAME,Cyclic competition,Coexistence,Individual-based model,Directed,movement},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {855--864},
  title        = {Lattice-based versus lattice-free individual-based models : impact on coexistence in competitive communities},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11047-019-09767-1},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2019},
}

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