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Interspecific plant competition mediates the metabolic and ecological signature of a plant-herbivore interaction under warming and elevated CO2

(2019) FUNCTIONAL ECOLOGY. 33(10). p.1842-1853
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Abstract
Biotic interactions shape community evolution, but we lack mechanistic insights on how metabolic and ecological processes under climate change are altered by biotic interactions. We used a two-trophic model community consisting of the aphid Dysaphis plantaginea feeding on the forb Plantago lanceolata, and a grass competitor Lolium perenne that does not experience herbivory by the aphid. Monocultures and mixtures were exposed to the herbivory treatment and to three relevant simulated environmental changes as prevalent under current climate change (increased temperature, CO2, and increased temperature and CO2) Elevated CO2 reduced the nitrogen content of P. lanceolata, while simultaneous increases of CO2 and temperature modified the plant metabolic component and the magnitude of these responses in different directions. Elevated CO2 enhanced defence systems in P. lanceolata, but these effects were not altered by warming. Interspecific plant competition did, however, neutralize these responses. There were no indirect effects of climate change on aphid population growth despite changes in plant defence, nutritional quality and biomass induced by our environmental change scenarios. We thus demonstrate interactions between abiotic and biotic processes on plant metabolite profiles, but more importantly, that climate change effects on a selection of the metabolic pathways are altered by herbivory and competition. Our experiment under semi-natural conditions thus demonstrates the non-additive and often neutralizing effects of biotic interactions on plant metabolism and species performance under climate-associated environmental change. A free Plain Language Summary can be found within the Supporting Information of this article.
Keywords
CARBON-NUTRIENT BALANCE, INSECT HERBIVORE, DEFENSE RESPONSES, ATMOSPHERIC CO2, CLIMATE-CHANGE, TEMPERATURE, DIOXIDE, MECHANISMS, CONSEQUENCES, GENERALIST, competition, elevated CO2, herbivory, metabolic profile, physiology, Plantago lanceolata, warming

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MLA
Van De Velde, Helena, et al. “Interspecific Plant Competition Mediates the Metabolic and Ecological Signature of a Plant-Herbivore Interaction under Warming and Elevated CO2.” FUNCTIONAL ECOLOGY, vol. 33, no. 10, 2019, pp. 1842–53.
APA
Van De Velde, H., AbdElgawad, H., Asard, H., Beemster, G. T., Selim, S., Nijs, I., & Bonte, D. (2019). Interspecific plant competition mediates the metabolic and ecological signature of a plant-herbivore interaction under warming and elevated CO2. FUNCTIONAL ECOLOGY, 33(10), 1842–1853.
Chicago author-date
Van De Velde, Helena, Hamada AbdElgawad, Han Asard, Gerrit TS Beemster, Samy Selim, Ivan Nijs, and Dries Bonte. 2019. “Interspecific Plant Competition Mediates the Metabolic and Ecological Signature of a Plant-Herbivore Interaction under Warming and Elevated CO2.” FUNCTIONAL ECOLOGY 33 (10): 1842–53.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van De Velde, Helena, Hamada AbdElgawad, Han Asard, Gerrit TS Beemster, Samy Selim, Ivan Nijs, and Dries Bonte. 2019. “Interspecific Plant Competition Mediates the Metabolic and Ecological Signature of a Plant-Herbivore Interaction under Warming and Elevated CO2.” FUNCTIONAL ECOLOGY 33 (10): 1842–1853.
Vancouver
1.
Van De Velde H, AbdElgawad H, Asard H, Beemster GT, Selim S, Nijs I, et al. Interspecific plant competition mediates the metabolic and ecological signature of a plant-herbivore interaction under warming and elevated CO2. FUNCTIONAL ECOLOGY. 2019;33(10):1842–53.
IEEE
[1]
H. Van De Velde et al., “Interspecific plant competition mediates the metabolic and ecological signature of a plant-herbivore interaction under warming and elevated CO2,” FUNCTIONAL ECOLOGY, vol. 33, no. 10, pp. 1842–1853, 2019.
@article{8636814,
  abstract     = {{Biotic interactions shape community evolution, but we lack mechanistic insights on how metabolic and ecological processes under climate change are altered by biotic interactions. We used a two-trophic model community consisting of the aphid Dysaphis plantaginea feeding on the forb Plantago lanceolata, and a grass competitor Lolium perenne that does not experience herbivory by the aphid. Monocultures and mixtures were exposed to the herbivory treatment and to three relevant simulated environmental changes as prevalent under current climate change (increased temperature, CO2, and increased temperature and CO2) Elevated CO2 reduced the nitrogen content of P. lanceolata, while simultaneous increases of CO2 and temperature modified the plant metabolic component and the magnitude of these responses in different directions. Elevated CO2 enhanced defence systems in P. lanceolata, but these effects were not altered by warming. Interspecific plant competition did, however, neutralize these responses. There were no indirect effects of climate change on aphid population growth despite changes in plant defence, nutritional quality and biomass induced by our environmental change scenarios. We thus demonstrate interactions between abiotic and biotic processes on plant metabolite profiles, but more importantly, that climate change effects on a selection of the metabolic pathways are altered by herbivory and competition. Our experiment under semi-natural conditions thus demonstrates the non-additive and often neutralizing effects of biotic interactions on plant metabolism and species performance under climate-associated environmental change. A free Plain Language Summary can be found within the Supporting Information of this article.}},
  author       = {{Van De Velde, Helena and AbdElgawad, Hamada and Asard, Han and Beemster, Gerrit TS and Selim, Samy and Nijs, Ivan and Bonte, Dries}},
  issn         = {{0269-8463}},
  journal      = {{FUNCTIONAL ECOLOGY}},
  keywords     = {{CARBON-NUTRIENT BALANCE,INSECT HERBIVORE,DEFENSE RESPONSES,ATMOSPHERIC CO2,CLIMATE-CHANGE,TEMPERATURE,DIOXIDE,MECHANISMS,CONSEQUENCES,GENERALIST,competition,elevated CO2,herbivory,metabolic profile,physiology,Plantago lanceolata,warming}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{10}},
  pages        = {{1842--1853}},
  title        = {{Interspecific plant competition mediates the metabolic and ecological signature of a plant-herbivore interaction under warming and elevated CO2}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13415}},
  volume       = {{33}},
  year         = {{2019}},
}

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