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The relationship between motor competence and health-related fitness in children and adolescents

(2017) PLOS ONE. 12(6).
Author
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Abstract
Background and aims : In the last twenty years, there has been increasing evidence that Motor Competence (MC) is vital for developing an active and healthy lifestyle. This study analyses the associations between motor competence and its components, with health-related fitness (HRF). Methods : A random sample of 546 children (278 males, mean = 10.77 years) divided into four age groups (7-8; 9-10; 11-12; 13-14 years old) was evaluated. A quantitative MC instrument (evaluating stability, locomotor and manipulative skills), a maximal multistage 20-m shuttle-run test and the handgrip test, height and BMI were used in the analyses. Pearson correlations and standard regression modelling were performed to explore the associations between variables. Results : Moderate to strong significant correlations (0.49 < r < 0.73) were found between MC and HRF, for both sexes, and correlation values were stable across the age groups. The MC model explained 74% of the HRF variance, with the locomotor component being the highest predictor for the entire sample (beta =.302; p < .001). Gender-related differences were found when boys and girls were analysed at each age group. Locomotor MC for girls was the most consistent significant predictor of HRF across all age groups (0.47 < beta < 0.65; all p <=.001). For boys, significant predictors were locomotor and manipulative MC (0.21 <beta< 0.49; all p < .05) in the two younger age groups (7-8 and 9-10 years) and stability (0.50 <beta< 0.54; all p <=.001) for the older two age groups (11-12 and 13-14 years). Conclusion : These results support the idea that: (1) the relationship between overall MC and HRF is strong and stable across childhood and early adolescence; (2) when accounting for the different MC components, boys and girls show different relationship patterns with HFR across age.
Keywords
FUNDAMENTAL MOVEMENT SKILLS, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, COORDINATION, PROFICIENCY, CHILDHOOD, YOUTH, ASSOCIATIONS, STRENGTH, OBESITY

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Luz, Carlos, et al. “The Relationship between Motor Competence and Health-Related Fitness in Children and Adolescents.” PLOS ONE, edited by Jacob Barkley, vol. 12, no. 6, 2017.
APA
Luz, C., Rodrigues, L. P., De Meester, A., & Cordovil, R. (2017). The relationship between motor competence and health-related fitness in children and adolescents. PLOS ONE, 12(6).
Chicago author-date
Luz, Carlos, Luís P Rodrigues, An De Meester, and Rita Cordovil. 2017. “The Relationship between Motor Competence and Health-Related Fitness in Children and Adolescents.” Edited by Jacob Barkley. PLOS ONE 12 (6).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Luz, Carlos, Luís P Rodrigues, An De Meester, and Rita Cordovil. 2017. “The Relationship between Motor Competence and Health-Related Fitness in Children and Adolescents.” Ed by. Jacob Barkley. PLOS ONE 12 (6).
Vancouver
1.
Luz C, Rodrigues LP, De Meester A, Cordovil R. The relationship between motor competence and health-related fitness in children and adolescents. Barkley J, editor. PLOS ONE. 2017;12(6).
IEEE
[1]
C. Luz, L. P. Rodrigues, A. De Meester, and R. Cordovil, “The relationship between motor competence and health-related fitness in children and adolescents,” PLOS ONE, vol. 12, no. 6, 2017.
@article{8635794,
  abstract     = {Background and aims : In the last twenty years, there has been increasing evidence that Motor Competence (MC) is vital for developing an active and healthy lifestyle. This study analyses the associations between motor competence and its components, with health-related fitness (HRF). 
Methods : A random sample of 546 children (278 males, mean = 10.77 years) divided into four age groups (7-8; 9-10; 11-12; 13-14 years old) was evaluated. A quantitative MC instrument (evaluating stability, locomotor and manipulative skills), a maximal multistage 20-m shuttle-run test and the handgrip test, height and BMI were used in the analyses. Pearson correlations and standard regression modelling were performed to explore the associations between variables. 
Results : Moderate to strong significant correlations (0.49 < r < 0.73) were found between MC and HRF, for both sexes, and correlation values were stable across the age groups. The MC model explained 74% of the HRF variance, with the locomotor component being the highest predictor for the entire sample (beta =.302; p < .001). Gender-related differences were found when boys and girls were analysed at each age group. Locomotor MC for girls was the most consistent significant predictor of HRF across all age groups (0.47 < beta < 0.65; all p <=.001). For boys, significant predictors were locomotor and manipulative MC (0.21 <beta< 0.49; all p < .05) in the two younger age groups (7-8 and 9-10 years) and stability (0.50 <beta< 0.54; all p <=.001) for the older two age groups (11-12 and 13-14 years). 
Conclusion : These results support the idea that: (1) the relationship between overall MC and HRF is strong and stable across childhood and early adolescence; (2) when accounting for the different MC components, boys and girls show different relationship patterns with HFR across age.},
  articleno    = {e0179993},
  author       = {Luz, Carlos and Rodrigues, Luís P and De Meester, An and Cordovil, Rita},
  editor       = {Barkley, Jacob},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  journal      = {PLOS ONE},
  keywords     = {FUNDAMENTAL MOVEMENT SKILLS,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,COORDINATION,PROFICIENCY,CHILDHOOD,YOUTH,ASSOCIATIONS,STRENGTH,OBESITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {11},
  title        = {The relationship between motor competence and health-related fitness in children and adolescents},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0179993},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2017},
}

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