Advanced search
1 file | 1.01 MB Add to list

The internalization of and defiance against rules within prison : the role of correctional officers’ autonomy-supportive and controlling communication style as perceived by prisoners

(2019) MOTIVATION AND EMOTION. 43(5). p.771-785
Author
Organization
Abstract
While incarcerated, prisoners are subject to a vast number of rules. Drawing upon self-determination theory, the present study examined whether prisoners’ perceptions of the degree to which prison officers communicate rules in an autonomysupportive or controlling way related to prisoners’ internalization of and defiance against rules, and whether this, in turn, related to their (mal)adaptive functioning in prison. Participants were 156 Belgian prisoners (Mage=38.60; SD=11.68, 88.5% male) who filled out questionnaires concerning the study variables. Associations were tested using structural equation modeling. Results showed that, whereas a higher level of perceived autonomy-supportive communication style related via greater internalization of rules to prisoners’ higher quality of life, a perceived controlling style was positively related to aggression and irritation vis-à-vis prison officers. Additional analyses suggested that an alternative model, where prisoners’ maladaptive functioning is predictive of higher levels of perceived controlling communication, is equally valid.
Keywords
Rules, Autonomy support, Control, Internalization, Prisoners, self-determination theory, intrinsic motivation, parental prohibition, perspective, aggression, behavior, associations, legitimacy, offenders, students

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text (Published version)
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 1.01 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Van der Kaap-Deeder, Jolene, et al. “The Internalization of and Defiance against Rules within Prison : The Role of Correctional Officers’ Autonomy-Supportive and Controlling Communication Style as Perceived by Prisoners.” MOTIVATION AND EMOTION, vol. 43, no. 5, 2019, pp. 771–85.
APA
Van der Kaap-Deeder, J., Audenaert, E., Van Petegem, S., Vandevelde, S., Van Mastrigt, S., Aelterman, N., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2019). The internalization of and defiance against rules within prison : the role of correctional officers’ autonomy-supportive and controlling communication style as perceived by prisoners. MOTIVATION AND EMOTION, 43(5), 771–785.
Chicago author-date
Van der Kaap-Deeder, Jolene, Elien Audenaert, Stijn Van Petegem, Stijn Vandevelde, Sarah Van Mastrigt, Nathalie Aelterman, and Maarten Vansteenkiste. 2019. “The Internalization of and Defiance against Rules within Prison : The Role of Correctional Officers’ Autonomy-Supportive and Controlling Communication Style as Perceived by Prisoners.” MOTIVATION AND EMOTION 43 (5): 771–85.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van der Kaap-Deeder, Jolene, Elien Audenaert, Stijn Van Petegem, Stijn Vandevelde, Sarah Van Mastrigt, Nathalie Aelterman, and Maarten Vansteenkiste. 2019. “The Internalization of and Defiance against Rules within Prison : The Role of Correctional Officers’ Autonomy-Supportive and Controlling Communication Style as Perceived by Prisoners.” MOTIVATION AND EMOTION 43 (5): 771–785.
Vancouver
1.
Van der Kaap-Deeder J, Audenaert E, Van Petegem S, Vandevelde S, Van Mastrigt S, Aelterman N, et al. The internalization of and defiance against rules within prison : the role of correctional officers’ autonomy-supportive and controlling communication style as perceived by prisoners. MOTIVATION AND EMOTION. 2019;43(5):771–85.
IEEE
[1]
J. Van der Kaap-Deeder et al., “The internalization of and defiance against rules within prison : the role of correctional officers’ autonomy-supportive and controlling communication style as perceived by prisoners,” MOTIVATION AND EMOTION, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 771–785, 2019.
@article{8635605,
  abstract     = {While incarcerated, prisoners are subject to a vast number of rules. Drawing upon self-determination theory, the present study examined whether prisoners’ perceptions of the degree to which prison officers communicate rules in an autonomysupportive or controlling way related to prisoners’ internalization of and defiance against rules, and whether this, in turn, related to their (mal)adaptive functioning in prison. Participants were 156 Belgian prisoners (Mage=38.60; SD=11.68, 88.5% male) who filled out questionnaires concerning the study variables. Associations were tested using structural equation modeling. Results showed that, whereas a higher level of perceived autonomy-supportive communication style related via greater internalization of rules to prisoners’ higher quality of life, a perceived controlling style was positively related to aggression and irritation vis-à-vis prison officers. Additional analyses suggested that an alternative model, where prisoners’ maladaptive functioning is predictive of higher levels of perceived controlling communication, is equally valid.},
  author       = {Van der Kaap-Deeder, Jolene and Audenaert, Elien and Van Petegem, Stijn and Vandevelde, Stijn and Van Mastrigt, Sarah and Aelterman, Nathalie and Vansteenkiste, Maarten},
  issn         = {0146-7239},
  journal      = {MOTIVATION AND EMOTION},
  keywords     = {Rules,Autonomy support,Control,Internalization,Prisoners,self-determination theory,intrinsic motivation,parental prohibition,perspective,aggression,behavior,associations,legitimacy,offenders,students},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {771--785},
  title        = {The internalization of and defiance against rules within prison : the role of correctional officers’ autonomy-supportive and controlling communication style as perceived by prisoners},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11031-019-09766-w},
  volume       = {43},
  year         = {2019},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: