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A novel process-based approach to improve resilience: Effects of computerized mouse-based (gaze)contingent attention training (MCAT) on reappraisal and rumination

Alvaro Sanchez Lopez (UGent) , Rudi De Raedt (UGent) , Jill van Put (UGent) and Ernst Koster (UGent)
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Abstract
Stress dysregulation is a transdiagnostic marker of emotional disorders, related to biases in attention toward negative information. We adapted a computerized process-based training targeting these attention mechanisms through mouse-based contingency responses and examined its effects on reappraisal and rumination. Forty-one participants were randomly assigned to either a control or an active training condition of mouse-based contingent attention training (MCAT). Participants in the active condition were instructed to allocate attention toward positive words to generate positive interpretations, by using attention regulation while receiving contingent feedback on their attention to emotional words. Participants in the control condition freely generated interpretations without receiving contingent feedback. Transfer to reappraisal and state rumination was evaluated by administering an emotion regulation paradigm before and after the training. Mouse-based attention estimations showed a high degree of congruency with real eye/gaze-based attention estimations, as measured with eye-tracking performed in parallel. Furthermore, active MCAT resulted in several beneficial effects, including: 1) a higher attention toward positive over negative information; 2) an improved reappraisal ability to down-regulate negative emotions, and 3) a larger state rumination reduction in comparison to the control group. Our findings supports MCAT as a promising way to monitor and train attention, being an innovative instrument for online interventions aimed to improve stress regulation and resilience.
Keywords
STRESSFUL LIFE EVENTS, COGNITIVE BIAS MODIFICATION, EMOTION REGULATION, SOCIAL ANXIETY, DEPRESSION, GAZE, VULNERABILITY, DISORDERS, THREAT, DISENGAGEMENT, Selective attention, Gaze-contingent training, Reappraisal, Rumination, Resilience

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MLA
Sanchez Lopez, Alvaro, et al. “A Novel Process-Based Approach to Improve Resilience: Effects of Computerized Mouse-Based (Gaze)Contingent Attention Training (MCAT) on Reappraisal and Rumination.” BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY, vol. 118, Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd, 2019, pp. 110–20.
APA
Sanchez Lopez, A., De Raedt, R., van Put, J., & Koster, E. (2019). A novel process-based approach to improve resilience: Effects of computerized mouse-based (gaze)contingent attention training (MCAT) on reappraisal and rumination. BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY, 118, 110–120.
Chicago author-date
Sanchez Lopez, Alvaro, Rudi De Raedt, Jill van Put, and Ernst Koster. 2019. “A Novel Process-Based Approach to Improve Resilience: Effects of Computerized Mouse-Based (Gaze)Contingent Attention Training (MCAT) on Reappraisal and Rumination.” BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY 118: 110–20.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Sanchez Lopez, Alvaro, Rudi De Raedt, Jill van Put, and Ernst Koster. 2019. “A Novel Process-Based Approach to Improve Resilience: Effects of Computerized Mouse-Based (Gaze)Contingent Attention Training (MCAT) on Reappraisal and Rumination.” BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY 118: 110–120.
Vancouver
1.
Sanchez Lopez A, De Raedt R, van Put J, Koster E. A novel process-based approach to improve resilience: Effects of computerized mouse-based (gaze)contingent attention training (MCAT) on reappraisal and rumination. BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY. 2019;118:110–20.
IEEE
[1]
A. Sanchez Lopez, R. De Raedt, J. van Put, and E. Koster, “A novel process-based approach to improve resilience: Effects of computerized mouse-based (gaze)contingent attention training (MCAT) on reappraisal and rumination,” BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY, vol. 118, pp. 110–120, 2019.
@article{8634776,
  abstract     = {Stress dysregulation is a transdiagnostic marker of emotional disorders, related to biases in attention toward negative information. We adapted a computerized process-based training targeting these attention mechanisms through mouse-based contingency responses and examined its effects on reappraisal and rumination. Forty-one participants were randomly assigned to either a control or an active training condition of mouse-based contingent attention training (MCAT). Participants in the active condition were instructed to allocate attention toward positive words to generate positive interpretations, by using attention regulation while receiving contingent feedback on their attention to emotional words. Participants in the control condition freely generated interpretations without receiving contingent feedback. Transfer to reappraisal and state rumination was evaluated by administering an emotion regulation paradigm before and after the training. Mouse-based attention estimations showed a high degree of congruency with real eye/gaze-based attention estimations, as measured with eye-tracking performed in parallel. Furthermore, active MCAT resulted in several beneficial effects, including: 1) a higher attention toward positive over negative information; 2) an improved reappraisal ability to down-regulate negative emotions, and 3) a larger state rumination reduction in comparison to the control group. Our findings supports MCAT as a promising way to monitor and train attention, being an innovative instrument for online interventions aimed to improve stress regulation and resilience.},
  author       = {Sanchez Lopez, Alvaro and De Raedt, Rudi and van Put, Jill and Koster, Ernst},
  issn         = {0005-7967},
  journal      = {BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY},
  keywords     = {STRESSFUL LIFE EVENTS,COGNITIVE BIAS MODIFICATION,EMOTION REGULATION,SOCIAL ANXIETY,DEPRESSION,GAZE,VULNERABILITY,DISORDERS,THREAT,DISENGAGEMENT,Selective attention,Gaze-contingent training,Reappraisal,Rumination,Resilience},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {110--120},
  publisher    = {Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd},
  title        = {A novel process-based approach to improve resilience: Effects of computerized mouse-based (gaze)contingent attention training (MCAT) on reappraisal and rumination},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2019.04.005},
  volume       = {118},
  year         = {2019},
}

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