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Flame Spread and Fire Behavior in a Corner Configuration

Davood Zeinali (UGent)
(2019)
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(UGent) and (UGent)
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Abstract
Corner fires are known to spread more intensely in comparison to single wall fires. In view of the challenges associated with the prediction of such fire behavior, the fire growth in a corner configuration is investigated to provide a set of experimental data, consisting of 21 Single Burning Item (SBI) tests with Calcium Silicate (CS), Medium-Density Fiberboard (MDF) and plywood panels. The results of total Heat Release Rate (HRR), total Smoke Production Rate (SPR), puffing frequency, flame spread, flame heights, panel temperatures, and total heat fluxes at several characteristic locations are analyzed. This set of experimental data is expected to be useful for evaluation of fire simulation capabilities. In order to carefully examine the effect of the heat exchange between the two corner walls on the flame spread and fire behavior, 3 test groups are considered: (A) inert tests with two calcium silicate panels; (B) flame spread tests with one inert panel and one plywood or MDF panel; and (C) flame spread tests with two plywood or MDF panels. In addition to the experiments, a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) study is conducted using FireFOAM 2.2.x, consisting of several Large Eddy Simulations (LES), allowing to evaluate the current modeling capabilities for prediction of the corner fire behavior.
Keywords
Corner fire, flame spread, Single Burning Item test, heat release rate, heat flux, Medium Density Fiberboard, plywood, Calcium Silicate

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Citation

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MLA
Zeinali, Davood. Flame Spread and Fire Behavior in a Corner Configuration. 2019.
APA
Zeinali, D. (2019). Flame Spread and Fire Behavior in a Corner Configuration.
Chicago author-date
Zeinali, Davood. 2019. “Flame Spread and Fire Behavior in a Corner Configuration.”
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Zeinali, Davood. 2019. “Flame Spread and Fire Behavior in a Corner Configuration.”
Vancouver
1.
Zeinali D. Flame Spread and Fire Behavior in a Corner Configuration. 2019.
IEEE
[1]
D. Zeinali, “Flame Spread and Fire Behavior in a Corner Configuration,” 2019.
@phdthesis{8634605,
  abstract     = {Corner fires are known to spread more intensely in comparison to single wall fires. In view of the challenges associated with the prediction of such fire behavior, the fire growth in a corner configuration is investigated to provide a set of experimental data, consisting of 21 Single Burning Item (SBI) tests with Calcium Silicate (CS), Medium-Density Fiberboard (MDF) and plywood panels. The results of total Heat Release Rate (HRR), total Smoke Production Rate (SPR), puffing frequency, flame spread, flame heights, panel temperatures, and total heat fluxes at several characteristic locations are analyzed. This set of experimental data is expected to be useful for evaluation of fire simulation capabilities.

In order to carefully examine the effect of the heat exchange between the two corner walls on the flame spread and fire behavior, 3 test groups are considered: (A) inert tests with two calcium silicate panels; (B) flame spread tests with one inert panel and one plywood or MDF panel; and (C) flame spread tests with two plywood or MDF panels.

In addition to the experiments, a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) study is conducted using FireFOAM 2.2.x, consisting of several Large Eddy Simulations (LES), allowing to evaluate the current modeling capabilities for prediction of the corner fire behavior.},
  author       = {Zeinali, Davood},
  isbn         = {978-94-6355-290-5},
  keywords     = {Corner fire,flame spread,Single Burning Item test,heat release rate,heat flux,Medium Density Fiberboard,plywood,Calcium Silicate},
  language     = {eng},
  school       = {Ghent University},
  title        = {Flame Spread and Fire Behavior in a Corner Configuration},
  year         = {2019},
}