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Relative Age Effect on European Adolescents' Social Network

Author
Organization
Abstract
We contribute to the literature on relative age effects on pupils' (non-cognitive) skills formation by studying students' social network. We investigate data on European adolescents from the Health Behaviour in School Aged Children survey and use an instrumental variables approach to account for endogeneity of relative age while controlling for confounders, namely absolute age, season-of-birth, and family socio-economic status. We find robust evidence that suggests the existence of a substitution effect: the youngest students within a class e-communicate more frequently than relatively older classmates but have fewer friends and meet with them less frequently.
Keywords
Relative age, adolescents, education, Europe, social network

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Fumarco, Luca, and Stijn Baert. “Relative Age Effect on European Adolescents’ Social Network.” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2020.
APA
Fumarco, L., & Baert, S. (2020). Relative Age Effect on European Adolescents’ Social Network. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization.
Chicago author-date
Fumarco, Luca, and Stijn Baert. 2020. “Relative Age Effect on European Adolescents’ Social Network.” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Fumarco, Luca, and Stijn Baert. 2020. “Relative Age Effect on European Adolescents’ Social Network.” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization.
Vancouver
1.
Fumarco L, Baert S. Relative Age Effect on European Adolescents’ Social Network. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. 2020;
IEEE
[1]
L. Fumarco and S. Baert, “Relative Age Effect on European Adolescents’ Social Network,” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2020.
@article{8633964,
  abstract     = {We contribute to the literature on relative age effects on pupils' (non-cognitive) skills formation by studying students' social network. We investigate data on European adolescents from the Health Behaviour in School Aged Children survey and use an instrumental variables approach to account for endogeneity of relative age while controlling for confounders, namely absolute age, season-of-birth, and family socio-economic status. We find robust evidence that suggests the existence of a substitution effect: the youngest students within a class e-communicate more frequently than relatively older classmates but have fewer friends and meet with them less frequently.},
  author       = {Fumarco, Luca and Baert, Stijn},
  journal      = {Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization},
  keywords     = {Relative age,adolescents,education,Europe,social network},
  title        = {Relative Age Effect on European Adolescents' Social Network},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2019.10.014},
  year         = {2020},
}

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