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High mobility and low use of malaria preventive measures among the Jarai male youth along the Cambodia-Vietnam border

Author
Organization
Abstract
Malaria control along the Vietnam Cambodia border presents a challenge for both countries' malaria elimination targets as the region is forested, inhabited by ethnic minority populations, and potentially characterized by early and outdoor malaria transmission. A mixed methods study assessed the vulnerability to malaria among the Jarai population living on both sides of the border in the provinces of Ratanakiri (Cambodia) and Gia Lai (Vietnam). A qualitative study generated preliminary hypotheses that were quantified in two surveys, one targeting youth (N = 498) and the other household leaders (N = 449). Jarai male youth, especially in Cambodia, had lower uptake of preventive measures (57.4%) and more often stayed overnight in the deep forest (35.8%) compared with the female youth and the adult population. Among male youth, a high-risk subgroup was identified that regularly slept at friends' homes or outdoors, who had fewer bed nets (32.5%) that were torn more often (77.8%). The vulnerability of Jarai youth to malaria could be attributed to the transitional character of youth itself, implying less fixed sleeping arrangements in nonpermanent spaces or non-bed sites. Additional tools such as long-lasting hammock nets could be suitable as they are in line with current practices.
Keywords
FOREST MALARIA, RISK-FACTORS, TREATED HAMMOCK, TRANSMISSION, EPIDEMIOLOGY, ELIMINATION, CHALLENGE, VILLAGES, BEHAVIOR, VECTORS

Citation

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MLA
Gryseels, Charlotte, et al. “High Mobility and Low Use of Malaria Preventive Measures among the Jarai Male Youth along the Cambodia-Vietnam Border.” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE, vol. 93, no. 4, 2015, pp. 810–18.
APA
Gryseels, C., Grietens, K., Dierickx, S., Nguyen Xuan, X., Uk, S., Bannister-Tyrrell, M., … Erhart, A. (2015). High mobility and low use of malaria preventive measures among the Jarai male youth along the Cambodia-Vietnam border. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE, 93(4), 810–818.
Chicago author-date
Gryseels, Charlotte, KP Grietens, Susan Dierickx, Xa Nguyen Xuan, Sambunny Uk, Melanie Bannister-Tyrrell, S. Trienekens, et al. 2015. “High Mobility and Low Use of Malaria Preventive Measures among the Jarai Male Youth along the Cambodia-Vietnam Border.” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE 93 (4): 810–18.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Gryseels, Charlotte, KP Grietens, Susan Dierickx, Xa Nguyen Xuan, Sambunny Uk, Melanie Bannister-Tyrrell, S. Trienekens, Joan Muela Ribera, Susana Hausmann-Muela, René Gerrets, Umberto D’Alessandro, Tho Sohantha, Marc Coosemans, and Anette Erhart. 2015. “High Mobility and Low Use of Malaria Preventive Measures among the Jarai Male Youth along the Cambodia-Vietnam Border.” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE 93 (4): 810–818.
Vancouver
1.
Gryseels C, Grietens K, Dierickx S, Nguyen Xuan X, Uk S, Bannister-Tyrrell M, et al. High mobility and low use of malaria preventive measures among the Jarai male youth along the Cambodia-Vietnam border. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE. 2015;93(4):810–8.
IEEE
[1]
C. Gryseels et al., “High mobility and low use of malaria preventive measures among the Jarai male youth along the Cambodia-Vietnam border,” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE, vol. 93, no. 4, pp. 810–818, 2015.
@article{8633770,
  abstract     = {Malaria control along the Vietnam Cambodia border presents a challenge for both countries' malaria elimination targets as the region is forested, inhabited by ethnic minority populations, and potentially characterized by early and outdoor malaria transmission. A mixed methods study assessed the vulnerability to malaria among the Jarai population living on both sides of the border in the provinces of Ratanakiri (Cambodia) and Gia Lai (Vietnam). A qualitative study generated preliminary hypotheses that were quantified in two surveys, one targeting youth (N = 498) and the other household leaders (N = 449). Jarai male youth, especially in Cambodia, had lower uptake of preventive measures (57.4%) and more often stayed overnight in the deep forest (35.8%) compared with the female youth and the adult population. Among male youth, a high-risk subgroup was identified that regularly slept at friends' homes or outdoors, who had fewer bed nets (32.5%) that were torn more often (77.8%). The vulnerability of Jarai youth to malaria could be attributed to the transitional character of youth itself, implying less fixed sleeping arrangements in nonpermanent spaces or non-bed sites. Additional tools such as long-lasting hammock nets could be suitable as they are in line with current practices.},
  author       = {Gryseels, Charlotte and Grietens, KP and Dierickx, Susan and Nguyen Xuan, Xa and Uk, Sambunny and Bannister-Tyrrell, Melanie and Trienekens, S. and Muela Ribera, Joan and Hausmann-Muela, Susana and Gerrets, René and D'Alessandro, Umberto and Sohantha, Tho and Coosemans, Marc and Erhart, Anette},
  isbn         = {1476-1645},
  issn         = {0002-9637},
  journal      = {AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE},
  keywords     = {FOREST MALARIA,RISK-FACTORS,TREATED HAMMOCK,TRANSMISSION,EPIDEMIOLOGY,ELIMINATION,CHALLENGE,VILLAGES,BEHAVIOR,VECTORS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {810--818},
  title        = {High mobility and low use of malaria preventive measures among the Jarai male youth along the Cambodia-Vietnam border},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.15-0259},
  volume       = {93},
  year         = {2015},
}

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