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Energy governance in Belgium

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Abstract
This chapter reviews the conditions, policies, and institutions of energy governance in Belgium. Except for coal, Belgium has no indigenous energy sources. Nuclear energy accounts for around half of Belgium’s electricity generation but all nuclear power plants are scheduled to phase out by 2025. Energy governance in Belgium is characterized by a lack of a strategic and coherent vision. The responsibilities for energy policy in Belgium are shared among the federal government and the three regions (Flanders, Wallonia, and Brussels). The distribution of competences is very heterogeneous and creates coordination problems. The main drivers of policy initiatives are European directives and international agreements. Belgium is currently not on track to meet its 2020 goals for energy efficiency and emission reductions. A major part of the explanation for Belgium’s weak performance is the dominant role of energy corporations in the Belgian energy sector.
Keywords
Belgium, Energy policy, Federal state, Nuclear phaseout, Energy governance, Low-carbon transition

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Van de Graaf, Thijs, et al. “Energy Governance in Belgium.” Handbook of Energy Governance in Europe, Springer, 2019, pp. 1–22.
APA
Van de Graaf, T., Laes, E., & Verbruggen, A. (2019). Energy governance in Belgium. In Handbook of energy governance in Europe (pp. 1–22). Cham: Springer.
Chicago author-date
Van de Graaf, Thijs, Erik Laes, and Aviel Verbruggen. 2019. “Energy Governance in Belgium.” In Handbook of Energy Governance in Europe, 1–22. Cham: Springer.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van de Graaf, Thijs, Erik Laes, and Aviel Verbruggen. 2019. “Energy Governance in Belgium.” In Handbook of Energy Governance in Europe, 1–22. Cham: Springer.
Vancouver
1.
Van de Graaf T, Laes E, Verbruggen A. Energy governance in Belgium. In: Handbook of energy governance in Europe. Cham: Springer; 2019. p. 1–22.
IEEE
[1]
T. Van de Graaf, E. Laes, and A. Verbruggen, “Energy governance in Belgium,” in Handbook of energy governance in Europe, Cham: Springer, 2019, pp. 1–22.
@incollection{8633678,
  abstract     = {This chapter reviews the conditions, policies, and institutions of energy governance in Belgium. Except for coal, Belgium has no indigenous energy sources. Nuclear energy accounts for around half of Belgium’s electricity generation but all nuclear power plants are scheduled to phase out by 2025. Energy governance in Belgium is characterized by a lack of a strategic and coherent vision. The responsibilities for energy policy in Belgium are shared among the federal government and the three regions (Flanders, Wallonia, and Brussels). The distribution of competences is very heterogeneous and creates coordination problems. The main drivers of policy initiatives are European directives and international agreements. Belgium is currently not on track to meet its 2020 goals for energy efficiency and emission reductions. A major part of the explanation for Belgium’s weak performance is the dominant role of energy corporations in the Belgian energy sector.},
  author       = {Van de Graaf, Thijs and Laes, Erik and Verbruggen, Aviel},
  booktitle    = {Handbook of energy governance in Europe},
  isbn         = {9783319735269},
  keywords     = {Belgium,Energy policy,Federal state,Nuclear phaseout,Energy governance,Low-carbon transition},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1--22},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  title        = {Energy governance in Belgium},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73526-9_4-1},
  year         = {2019},
}

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