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Father-infant interactions and infant regional brain volumes : a cross-sectional MRI study

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Abstract
Fathers play a crucial role in their children's socio-emotional and cognitive development. A plausible intermediate phenotype underlying this association is father's impact on infant brain. However, research on the association between paternal caregiving and child brain biology is scarce, particularly during infancy. Thus, we used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to investigate the relationship between observed father-infant interactions, specifically paternal sensitivity, and regional brain volumes in a community sample of 3-to-6-month-old infants (N = 28). We controlled for maternal sensitivity and examined the moderating role of infant communication on this relationship. T2-weighted MR images were acquired from infants during natural sleep. Higher levels of paternal sensitivity were associated with smaller cerebellar volumes in infants with high communication levels. In contrast, paternal sensitivity was not associated with subcortical grey matter volumes in the whole sample, and this was similar in infants with both high and low communication levels. This preliminary study provides the first evidence for an association between father-child interactions and variation in infant brain anatomy.
Keywords
Cognitive Neuroscience, Fathers, Father-infant interactions, Infant brain volume, MRI, Infancy, Paternal sensitivity, CHILDRENS COGNITIVE-DEVELOPMENT, MOTHERS, TRAJECTORIES, SENSITIVITY, VOICE, PLAY

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MLA
Sethna, Vaheshta, et al. “Father-Infant Interactions and Infant Regional Brain Volumes : A Cross-Sectional MRI Study.” DEVELOPMENTAL COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE, vol. 40, 2019.
APA
Sethna, V., Siew, J., Pote, I., Wang, S., Gudbrandsen, M., Lee, C., … McAlonan, G. M. (2019). Father-infant interactions and infant regional brain volumes : a cross-sectional MRI study. DEVELOPMENTAL COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE, 40.
Chicago author-date
Sethna, Vaheshta, Jasmine Siew, Inês Pote, Siying Wang, Maria Gudbrandsen, Charlotte Lee, Emily Perry, et al. 2019. “Father-Infant Interactions and Infant Regional Brain Volumes : A Cross-Sectional MRI Study.” DEVELOPMENTAL COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE 40.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Sethna, Vaheshta, Jasmine Siew, Inês Pote, Siying Wang, Maria Gudbrandsen, Charlotte Lee, Emily Perry, Kerrie P.H. Adams, Clare Watson, Johanna Kangas, Vladimira Stoencheva, Eileen Daly, Maria Kuklisova-Murgasova, Steven C.R. Williams, Michael C. Craig, Declan G.M. Murphy, and Grainne M. McAlonan. 2019. “Father-Infant Interactions and Infant Regional Brain Volumes : A Cross-Sectional MRI Study.” DEVELOPMENTAL COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE 40.
Vancouver
1.
Sethna V, Siew J, Pote I, Wang S, Gudbrandsen M, Lee C, et al. Father-infant interactions and infant regional brain volumes : a cross-sectional MRI study. DEVELOPMENTAL COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE. 2019;40.
IEEE
[1]
V. Sethna et al., “Father-infant interactions and infant regional brain volumes : a cross-sectional MRI study,” DEVELOPMENTAL COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE, vol. 40, 2019.
@article{8632709,
  abstract     = {Fathers play a crucial role in their children's socio-emotional and cognitive development. A plausible intermediate phenotype underlying this association is father's impact on infant brain. However, research on the association between paternal caregiving and child brain biology is scarce, particularly during infancy. Thus, we used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to investigate the relationship between observed father-infant interactions, specifically paternal sensitivity, and regional brain volumes in a community sample of 3-to-6-month-old infants (N = 28). We controlled for maternal sensitivity and examined the moderating role of infant communication on this relationship. T2-weighted MR images were acquired from infants during natural sleep. Higher levels of paternal sensitivity were associated with smaller cerebellar volumes in infants with high communication levels. In contrast, paternal sensitivity was not associated with subcortical grey matter volumes in the whole sample, and this was similar in infants with both high and low communication levels. This preliminary study provides the first evidence for an association between father-child interactions and variation in infant brain anatomy.},
  articleno    = {100721},
  author       = {Sethna, Vaheshta and Siew, Jasmine and Pote, Inês and Wang, Siying and Gudbrandsen, Maria and Lee, Charlotte and Perry, Emily and Adams, Kerrie P.H. and Watson, Clare and Kangas, Johanna and Stoencheva, Vladimira and Daly, Eileen and Kuklisova-Murgasova, Maria and Williams, Steven C.R. and Craig, Michael C. and Murphy, Declan G.M. and McAlonan, Grainne M.},
  issn         = {1878-9293},
  journal      = {DEVELOPMENTAL COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE},
  keywords     = {Cognitive Neuroscience,Fathers,Father-infant interactions,Infant brain volume,MRI,Infancy,Paternal sensitivity,CHILDRENS COGNITIVE-DEVELOPMENT,MOTHERS,TRAJECTORIES,SENSITIVITY,VOICE,PLAY},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {6},
  title        = {Father-infant interactions and infant regional brain volumes : a cross-sectional MRI study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dcn.2019.100721},
  volume       = {40},
  year         = {2019},
}

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