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Understanding the landscape dynamics from a devastated to revived cultural landscape : the case of the First World War in Flanders through the lens of landscape patterns

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Abstract
The First World War (1914-1918) wreaked an overwhelming damage in Flanders. Allied and German forces battled four years, transforming the pre-war landscape with scenic views into a destroyed landscape fully covered with craters. Afterwards, the landscape was entirely reconstructed by the help of local initiatives and by national and international policy. In this paper, changing landscape patterns are analysed with historical land use/land cover data to unravel the underlying landscape dynamics of the restored area until present. The composition and spatial configuration of the landscape are observed by focussing on the post-war reconstructed landscape. Furthermore, the relation between the degree of military impact during the war and the observed patterns in the reconstructed landscape is studied. Results show that the fragmentation and diversity increased in the past hundred years whereby changes were first seen in urban areas and afterwards in the countryside. Additionally, changes in size and the complexity of fields proved to have a significant relation with the military impact. This study observed the reconstruction period with landscape changes, to understand the post-war land use policy in an innovative manner.
Keywords
LAND-USE CHANGE, SPATIAL METRICS, CIVIL CONFLICT, ARMED CONFLICT, COVER CHANGE, WORLD-WAR, INDICATORS, IMPACTS, FRONT, ECOLOGY, Landscape metrics, War landscape, Landscape changes, Landscape patterns, LULC

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MLA
Van den Berghe, Hanne, et al. “Understanding the Landscape Dynamics from a Devastated to Revived Cultural Landscape : The Case of the First World War in Flanders through the Lens of Landscape Patterns.” LAND USE POLICY, vol. 90, 2020, doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104236.
APA
Van den Berghe, H., Gheyle, W., Stichelbaut, B., Van Meirvenne, M., Bourgeois, J., & Van Eetvelde, V. (2020). Understanding the landscape dynamics from a devastated to revived cultural landscape : the case of the First World War in Flanders through the lens of landscape patterns. LAND USE POLICY, 90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104236
Chicago author-date
Van den Berghe, Hanne, Wouter Gheyle, Birger Stichelbaut, Marc Van Meirvenne, Jean Bourgeois, and Veerle Van Eetvelde. 2020. “Understanding the Landscape Dynamics from a Devastated to Revived Cultural Landscape : The Case of the First World War in Flanders through the Lens of Landscape Patterns.” LAND USE POLICY 90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104236.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van den Berghe, Hanne, Wouter Gheyle, Birger Stichelbaut, Marc Van Meirvenne, Jean Bourgeois, and Veerle Van Eetvelde. 2020. “Understanding the Landscape Dynamics from a Devastated to Revived Cultural Landscape : The Case of the First World War in Flanders through the Lens of Landscape Patterns.” LAND USE POLICY 90. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104236.
Vancouver
1.
Van den Berghe H, Gheyle W, Stichelbaut B, Van Meirvenne M, Bourgeois J, Van Eetvelde V. Understanding the landscape dynamics from a devastated to revived cultural landscape : the case of the First World War in Flanders through the lens of landscape patterns. LAND USE POLICY. 2020;90.
IEEE
[1]
H. Van den Berghe, W. Gheyle, B. Stichelbaut, M. Van Meirvenne, J. Bourgeois, and V. Van Eetvelde, “Understanding the landscape dynamics from a devastated to revived cultural landscape : the case of the First World War in Flanders through the lens of landscape patterns,” LAND USE POLICY, vol. 90, 2020.
@article{8632681,
  abstract     = {The First World War (1914-1918) wreaked an overwhelming damage in Flanders. Allied and German forces battled four years, transforming the pre-war landscape with scenic views into a destroyed landscape fully covered with craters. Afterwards, the landscape was entirely reconstructed by the help of local initiatives and by national and international policy. In this paper, changing landscape patterns are analysed with historical land use/land cover data to unravel the underlying landscape dynamics of the restored area until present. The composition and spatial configuration of the landscape are observed by focussing on the post-war reconstructed landscape. Furthermore, the relation between the degree of military impact during the war and the observed patterns in the reconstructed landscape is studied. Results show that the fragmentation and diversity increased in the past hundred years whereby changes were first seen in urban areas and afterwards in the countryside. Additionally, changes in size and the complexity of fields proved to have a significant relation with the military impact. This study observed the reconstruction period with landscape changes, to understand the post-war land use policy in an innovative manner.},
  articleno    = {104236},
  author       = {Van den Berghe, Hanne and Gheyle, Wouter and Stichelbaut, Birger and Van Meirvenne, Marc and Bourgeois, Jean and Van Eetvelde, Veerle},
  issn         = {0264-8377},
  journal      = {LAND USE POLICY},
  keywords     = {LAND-USE CHANGE,SPATIAL METRICS,CIVIL CONFLICT,ARMED CONFLICT,COVER CHANGE,WORLD-WAR,INDICATORS,IMPACTS,FRONT,ECOLOGY,Landscape metrics,War landscape,Landscape changes,Landscape patterns,LULC},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {16},
  title        = {Understanding the landscape dynamics from a devastated to revived cultural landscape : the case of the First World War in Flanders through the lens of landscape patterns},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104236},
  volume       = {90},
  year         = {2020},
}

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