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Abstract
This article discusses the economic dimensions of agroecological farming systems in Europe. It firstly theoretically elaborates the reasons why, and under what conditions, agroecological farming systems have the potential to produce higher incomes than farms that follow the conventional logic. This theoretical exposition is then followed by a presentation of empirical material from a wide range of European countries that shows the extent to which this potential is being realized. The empirical data draw upon different styles of farming that can be described as 'proto-agroecological': approaches to fanning that are agroecological by nature, but which may not necessarily explicitly define themselves as agroecological The empirical material that we present shows the huge potential and radical opportunities that Europe's, often silent, 'agroecological turn' offers to farmers that could (and should) be the basis for the future transformation of European agricultural policies, since agroecology not only allows for more sustainable production of healthier food but also considerably improves fanners' incomes. It equally carries the promise of re-enlarging productive agricultural (and related) employment and increasing the total income generated by the agricultural sector, at both regional and national levels. While we recognise that agroecology is a worldwide and multidimensional phenomenon we have chosen to limit this analysis to Europe and the economic dimension. This choice is made in order to refute current discourses that represent agroecology as unproductive and unprofitable and an option that would require massive subsidies.
Keywords
AGRICULTURE, SYSTEMS, FARMS, SUSTAINABILITY, ECOLOGY

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MLA
van der Ploeg, Jan Douwe, et al. “The Economic Potential of Agroecology : Empirical Evidence from Europe.” JOURNAL OF RURAL STUDIES, vol. 71, 2019, pp. 46–61.
APA
van der Ploeg, J. D., Barjolle, D., Bruil, J., Brunori, G., Costa Madureira, L. M., Dessein, J., … Wezel, A. (2019). The economic potential of agroecology : empirical evidence from Europe. JOURNAL OF RURAL STUDIES, 71, 46–61.
Chicago author-date
Ploeg, Jan Douwe van der, Dominique Barjolle, Janneke Bruil, Gianluca Brunori, Livia Maria Costa Madureira, Joost Dessein, Zbigniew Drag, et al. 2019. “The Economic Potential of Agroecology : Empirical Evidence from Europe.” JOURNAL OF RURAL STUDIES 71: 46–61.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
van der Ploeg, Jan Douwe, Dominique Barjolle, Janneke Bruil, Gianluca Brunori, Livia Maria Costa Madureira, Joost Dessein, Zbigniew Drag, Andrea Fink-Kessler, Pierre Gasselin, Manuel Gonzalez de Molina, Krzysztof Gorlach, Karin Jürgens, Jim Kinsella, James Kirwan, Karlheinz Knickel, Veronique Lucas, Terry Marsden, Damian Maye, Paola Migliorini, Pierluigi Milone, Egon Noe, Piotr Nowak, Nicholas Parrott, Alain Peeters, Adanella Rossi, Markus Schermer, Flaminia Ventura, Marjolein Visser, and Alexander Wezel. 2019. “The Economic Potential of Agroecology : Empirical Evidence from Europe.” JOURNAL OF RURAL STUDIES 71: 46–61.
Vancouver
1.
van der Ploeg JD, Barjolle D, Bruil J, Brunori G, Costa Madureira LM, Dessein J, et al. The economic potential of agroecology : empirical evidence from Europe. JOURNAL OF RURAL STUDIES. 2019;71:46–61.
IEEE
[1]
J. D. van der Ploeg et al., “The economic potential of agroecology : empirical evidence from Europe,” JOURNAL OF RURAL STUDIES, vol. 71, pp. 46–61, 2019.
@article{8631433,
  abstract     = {This article discusses the economic dimensions of agroecological farming systems in Europe. It firstly theoretically elaborates the reasons why, and under what conditions, agroecological farming systems have the potential to produce higher incomes than farms that follow the conventional logic. This theoretical exposition is then followed by a presentation of empirical material from a wide range of European countries that shows the extent to which this potential is being realized. The empirical data draw upon different styles of farming that can be described as 'proto-agroecological': approaches to fanning that are agroecological by nature, but which may not necessarily explicitly define themselves as agroecological The empirical material that we present shows the huge potential and radical opportunities that Europe's, often silent, 'agroecological turn' offers to farmers that could (and should) be the basis for the future transformation of European agricultural policies, since agroecology not only allows for more sustainable production of healthier food but also considerably improves fanners' incomes. It equally carries the promise of re-enlarging productive agricultural (and related) employment and increasing the total income generated by the agricultural sector, at both regional and national levels. While we recognise that agroecology is a worldwide and multidimensional phenomenon we have chosen to limit this analysis to Europe and the economic dimension. This choice is made in order to refute current discourses that represent agroecology as unproductive and unprofitable and an option that would require massive subsidies.},
  author       = {van der Ploeg, Jan Douwe and Barjolle, Dominique and Bruil, Janneke and Brunori, Gianluca and Costa Madureira, Livia Maria and Dessein, Joost and Drag, Zbigniew and Fink-Kessler, Andrea and Gasselin, Pierre and Gonzalez de Molina, Manuel and Gorlach, Krzysztof and Jürgens, Karin and Kinsella, Jim and Kirwan, James and Knickel, Karlheinz and Lucas, Veronique and Marsden, Terry and Maye, Damian and Migliorini, Paola and Milone, Pierluigi and Noe, Egon and Nowak, Piotr and Parrott, Nicholas and Peeters, Alain and Rossi, Adanella and Schermer, Markus and Ventura, Flaminia and Visser, Marjolein and Wezel, Alexander},
  issn         = {0743-0167},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF RURAL STUDIES},
  keywords     = {AGRICULTURE,SYSTEMS,FARMS,SUSTAINABILITY,ECOLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {46--61},
  title        = {The economic potential of agroecology : empirical evidence from Europe},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.09.003},
  volume       = {71},
  year         = {2019},
}

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