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Development and application of relevance and reliability criteria for water treatment removal efficiencies of chemicals of emerging concern

(2019) WATER RESEARCH. 161. p.274-287
Author
Organization
Abstract
With the growth in production and use of chemicals and the fact that many end up in the aquatic environment, there is an increasing need for advanced water treatment technologies that can remove chemicals of emerging concern (CECs) from water. The current lack of a homogenous approach for testing advanced water treatment technologies hampers the interpretation and evaluation of CEC removal efficiency data, and hinders informed decision making by stakeholders with regard to which treatment technology could satisfy their specific needs. Here a data evaluation framework is proposed to improve the use of current knowledge in the field of advanced water treatment technologies for drinking water and wastewater, consisting of a set of 9 relevance criteria and 51 reliability criteria. The two criteria sets underpin a thorough, unbiased and standardised method to select studies to evaluate and compare CEC removal efficiency of advanced water treatment technologies in a scientifically sound way. The relevance criteria set was applied to 244 papers on removal efficiency, of which only 20% fulfilled the criteria. The reliability criteria were applied to the remaining papers. In general these criteria were fulfilled with regards to information on the target compound, the water matrix and the treatment process conditions. However, there was a lack of information on data interpretation and statistics. In conclusion, a minority of the evaluated papers are suited for comparison across techniques, compounds and water matrixes. There is a clear need for more uniform reporting of water treatment studies for CEC removal. In the future this will benefit the selection of appropriate technologies.
Keywords
Data evaluation criteria, Chemicals of emerging concern, Advanced water treatment technologies, Removal efficiency, Drinking water, Wastewater, NATURAL ORGANIC-MATTER, PHARMACEUTICALLY ACTIVE COMPOUNDS, ENDOCRINE DISRUPTING COMPOUNDS, ADVANCED OXIDATION PROCESSES, CARE PRODUCTS PPCPS, WASTE-WATER, DRINKING-WATER, AQUEOUS-SOLUTIONS, BISPHENOL-A, AROMATIC PESTICIDES

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Citation

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MLA
Fischer, Astrid, et al. “Development and Application of Relevance and Reliability Criteria for Water Treatment Removal Efficiencies of Chemicals of Emerging Concern.” WATER RESEARCH, vol. 161, 2019, pp. 274–87.
APA
Fischer, A., van Wezel, A. P., Hollender, J., Cornelissen, E., Hofman, R., & van der Hoek, J. P. (2019). Development and application of relevance and reliability criteria for water treatment removal efficiencies of chemicals of emerging concern. WATER RESEARCH, 161, 274–287.
Chicago author-date
Fischer, Astrid, Annemarie P van Wezel, Juliane Hollender, Emile Cornelissen, Roberta Hofman, and Jan Peter van der Hoek. 2019. “Development and Application of Relevance and Reliability Criteria for Water Treatment Removal Efficiencies of Chemicals of Emerging Concern.” WATER RESEARCH 161: 274–87.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Fischer, Astrid, Annemarie P van Wezel, Juliane Hollender, Emile Cornelissen, Roberta Hofman, and Jan Peter van der Hoek. 2019. “Development and Application of Relevance and Reliability Criteria for Water Treatment Removal Efficiencies of Chemicals of Emerging Concern.” WATER RESEARCH 161: 274–287.
Vancouver
1.
Fischer A, van Wezel AP, Hollender J, Cornelissen E, Hofman R, van der Hoek JP. Development and application of relevance and reliability criteria for water treatment removal efficiencies of chemicals of emerging concern. WATER RESEARCH. 2019;161:274–87.
IEEE
[1]
A. Fischer, A. P. van Wezel, J. Hollender, E. Cornelissen, R. Hofman, and J. P. van der Hoek, “Development and application of relevance and reliability criteria for water treatment removal efficiencies of chemicals of emerging concern,” WATER RESEARCH, vol. 161, pp. 274–287, 2019.
@article{8630930,
  abstract     = {With the growth in production and use of chemicals and the fact that many end up in the aquatic environment, there is an increasing need for advanced water treatment technologies that can remove chemicals of emerging concern (CECs) from water. The current lack of a homogenous approach for testing advanced water treatment technologies hampers the interpretation and evaluation of CEC removal efficiency data, and hinders informed decision making by stakeholders with regard to which treatment technology could satisfy their specific needs. 
Here a data evaluation framework is proposed to improve the use of current knowledge in the field of advanced water treatment technologies for drinking water and wastewater, consisting of a set of 9 relevance criteria and 51 reliability criteria. The two criteria sets underpin a thorough, unbiased and standardised method to select studies to evaluate and compare CEC removal efficiency of advanced water treatment technologies in a scientifically sound way. 
The relevance criteria set was applied to 244 papers on removal efficiency, of which only 20% fulfilled the criteria. The reliability criteria were applied to the remaining papers. In general these criteria were fulfilled with regards to information on the target compound, the water matrix and the treatment process conditions. However, there was a lack of information on data interpretation and statistics. 
In conclusion, a minority of the evaluated papers are suited for comparison across techniques, compounds and water matrixes. There is a clear need for more uniform reporting of water treatment studies for CEC removal. In the future this will benefit the selection of appropriate technologies.},
  author       = {Fischer, Astrid and van Wezel, Annemarie P and Hollender, Juliane and Cornelissen, Emile and Hofman, Roberta and van der Hoek, Jan Peter},
  issn         = {0043-1354},
  journal      = {WATER RESEARCH},
  keywords     = {Data evaluation criteria,Chemicals of emerging concern,Advanced water treatment technologies,Removal efficiency,Drinking water,Wastewater,NATURAL ORGANIC-MATTER,PHARMACEUTICALLY ACTIVE COMPOUNDS,ENDOCRINE DISRUPTING COMPOUNDS,ADVANCED OXIDATION PROCESSES,CARE PRODUCTS PPCPS,WASTE-WATER,DRINKING-WATER,AQUEOUS-SOLUTIONS,BISPHENOL-A,AROMATIC PESTICIDES},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {274--287},
  title        = {Development and application of relevance and reliability criteria for water treatment removal efficiencies of chemicals of emerging concern},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2019.05.088},
  volume       = {161},
  year         = {2019},
}

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