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Gender differences in sport spectatorship and (fe)male adolescents’ gender identity, experienced pressure for gender conformity and gender role attitudes

Susan Lagaert (UGent) , Mieke Van Houtte (UGent) and Henk Roose (UGent)
(2019) SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT JOURNAL. 36(3). p.233-243
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Abstract
We study (fe)male adolescents’ interest in watching sports as a spectator using logistic multilevel analyses based on a representative sample of 5837 Flemish (Belgian) pupils in the first year of secondary education. To uncover the mechanisms behind the ‘gendering’ of passive sports consumption, this study evaluates how the gender gap (characterized by higher male involvement) relates to the gender identity, experienced pressures for gender-conforming behavior and gender role attitudes of the students. Results indicate that the gender gap in interest is to a large extent related to the studied mechanisms. The findings have implications for research on the feminization of sports fandom and call for further analysis of the processes behind the gender gap in consumption of different sports with masculine or feminine connotations and of on-site and TV spectatorship.
Keywords
Sports consumption, Gender, STEREOTYPE THREAT, PHYSICAL-EDUCATION, LEISURE ACTIVITIES, PARTICIPATION, PERFORMANCE, GIRLS, BOYS, PERCEPTIONS, MOTIVATION, PARENTS

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MLA
Lagaert, Susan, et al. “Gender Differences in Sport Spectatorship and (Fe)Male Adolescents’ Gender Identity, Experienced Pressure for Gender Conformity and Gender Role Attitudes.” SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT JOURNAL, vol. 36, no. 3, 2019, pp. 233–43.
APA
Lagaert, S., Van Houtte, M., & Roose, H. (2019). Gender differences in sport spectatorship and (fe)male adolescents’ gender identity, experienced pressure for gender conformity and gender role attitudes. SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT JOURNAL, 36(3), 233–243.
Chicago author-date
Lagaert, Susan, Mieke Van Houtte, and Henk Roose. 2019. “Gender Differences in Sport Spectatorship and (Fe)Male Adolescents’ Gender Identity, Experienced Pressure for Gender Conformity and Gender Role Attitudes.” SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT JOURNAL 36 (3): 233–43.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Lagaert, Susan, Mieke Van Houtte, and Henk Roose. 2019. “Gender Differences in Sport Spectatorship and (Fe)Male Adolescents’ Gender Identity, Experienced Pressure for Gender Conformity and Gender Role Attitudes.” SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT JOURNAL 36 (3): 233–243.
Vancouver
1.
Lagaert S, Van Houtte M, Roose H. Gender differences in sport spectatorship and (fe)male adolescents’ gender identity, experienced pressure for gender conformity and gender role attitudes. SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT JOURNAL. 2019;36(3):233–43.
IEEE
[1]
S. Lagaert, M. Van Houtte, and H. Roose, “Gender differences in sport spectatorship and (fe)male adolescents’ gender identity, experienced pressure for gender conformity and gender role attitudes,” SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT JOURNAL, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 233–243, 2019.
@article{8630633,
  abstract     = {We study (fe)male adolescents’ interest in watching sports as a spectator using logistic multilevel analyses based on a representative sample of 5837 Flemish (Belgian) pupils in the first year of secondary education. To uncover the mechanisms behind the ‘gendering’ of passive sports consumption, this study evaluates how the gender gap (characterized by higher male involvement) relates to the gender identity, experienced pressures for gender-conforming behavior and gender role attitudes of the students. Results indicate that the gender gap in interest is to a large extent related to the studied mechanisms. The findings have implications for research on the feminization of sports fandom and call for further analysis of the processes behind the gender gap in consumption of different sports with masculine or feminine connotations and of on-site and TV spectatorship.},
  author       = {Lagaert, Susan and Van Houtte, Mieke and Roose, Henk},
  issn         = {0741-1235},
  journal      = {SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT JOURNAL},
  keywords     = {Sports consumption,Gender,STEREOTYPE THREAT,PHYSICAL-EDUCATION,LEISURE ACTIVITIES,PARTICIPATION,PERFORMANCE,GIRLS,BOYS,PERCEPTIONS,MOTIVATION,PARENTS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {233--243},
  title        = {Gender differences in sport spectatorship and (fe)male adolescents’ gender identity, experienced pressure for gender conformity and gender role attitudes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/ssj.2018-0022},
  volume       = {36},
  year         = {2019},
}

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