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Hypnotic suggestions can induce rapid change in implicit attitudes

Pieter Van Dessel (UGent) and Jan De Houwer (UGent)
(2019) PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE. 30(9). p.1362-1370
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Abstract
We sometimes evaluate our environment (e.g., persons, objects, situations) in an automatic fashion. These automatic or implicit evaluations are often considered to be based on qualitatively distinct mental processes compared with more controlled or explicit evaluations. Important evidence for this claim comes from studies showing that implicit evaluations do not change as the result of counterattitudinal information, in contrast to their explicit counterparts. We examined the impact of counterattitudinal information on implicit evaluations in two experiments (N = 60, N = 72) that included an innovative manipulation: hypnotic suggestions to participants that they would strongly process upcoming counterattitudinal information. Both experiments indicated that hypnotic suggestions facilitated effects of counterattitudinal information on implicit evaluations. These findings extend recent evidence for rapid revision of implicit evaluations on the basis of counterattitudinal information and support the controversial idea that belief-based processes underlie not only explicit but also implicit evaluations.
Keywords
HYPNOSIS, BEHAVIOR, INFORMATION, COGNITION, STROOP, I., implicit attitudes, automatic evaluation, implicit-explicit, dissociation, counterattitudinal information, hypnotic suggestions, open, data, open materials, preregistered

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MLA
Van Dessel, Pieter, and Jan De Houwer. “Hypnotic Suggestions Can Induce Rapid Change in Implicit Attitudes.” PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE, vol. 30, no. 9, Sage Publications Inc, 2019, pp. 1362–70.
APA
Van Dessel, P., & De Houwer, J. (2019). Hypnotic suggestions can induce rapid change in implicit attitudes. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE, 30(9), 1362–1370.
Chicago author-date
Van Dessel, Pieter, and Jan De Houwer. 2019. “Hypnotic Suggestions Can Induce Rapid Change in Implicit Attitudes.” PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE 30 (9): 1362–70.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Dessel, Pieter, and Jan De Houwer. 2019. “Hypnotic Suggestions Can Induce Rapid Change in Implicit Attitudes.” PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE 30 (9): 1362–1370.
Vancouver
1.
Van Dessel P, De Houwer J. Hypnotic suggestions can induce rapid change in implicit attitudes. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE. 2019;30(9):1362–70.
IEEE
[1]
P. Van Dessel and J. De Houwer, “Hypnotic suggestions can induce rapid change in implicit attitudes,” PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE, vol. 30, no. 9, pp. 1362–1370, 2019.
@article{8629766,
  abstract     = {We sometimes evaluate our environment (e.g., persons, objects, situations) in an automatic fashion. These automatic or implicit evaluations are often considered to be based on qualitatively distinct mental processes compared with more controlled or explicit evaluations. Important evidence for this claim comes from studies showing that implicit evaluations do not change as the result of counterattitudinal information, in contrast to their explicit counterparts. We examined the impact of counterattitudinal information on implicit evaluations in two experiments (N = 60, N = 72) that included an innovative manipulation: hypnotic suggestions to participants that they would strongly process upcoming counterattitudinal information. Both experiments indicated that hypnotic suggestions facilitated effects of counterattitudinal information on implicit evaluations. These findings extend recent evidence for rapid revision of implicit evaluations on the basis of counterattitudinal information and support the controversial idea that belief-based processes underlie not only explicit but also implicit evaluations.},
  articleno    = {UNSP 0956797619865183},
  author       = {Van Dessel, Pieter and De Houwer, Jan},
  issn         = {0956-7976},
  journal      = {PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE},
  keywords     = {HYPNOSIS,BEHAVIOR,INFORMATION,COGNITION,STROOP,I.,implicit attitudes,automatic evaluation,implicit-explicit,dissociation,counterattitudinal information,hypnotic suggestions,open,data,open materials,preregistered},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {UNSP 0956797619865183:1362--UNSP 0956797619865183:1370},
  publisher    = {Sage Publications Inc},
  title        = {Hypnotic suggestions can induce rapid change in implicit attitudes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797619865183},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {2019},
}

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