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Measuring cognitive vulnerability to depression : further evidence on the factorial and predictive validity of negative cognitive style

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Abstract
Background and objectives: Previous research has provided insufficient evidence on the factorial validity of the negative cognitive style questionnaires, which is a problem for the validity of the total scores computation. In Study 1, we focused on the relationship between internality and the other dimensions of negative cognitive style. In Study 2, we explored the predictive validity of negative cognitive style for negative interpretation bias. Methods: In Study 1, 770 participants completed the Cognitive Style Questionnaire - Short Form (CSQ-SF). In Study 2, from a prescreening data collection (N = 300) we selected participants with low (N = 40) and high (N = 32) cognitive vulnerability to depression who were primed with negative mood induction and who completed a generative interpretation task. Results: In Study 1, a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) indicated that the best fitting model for the CSQ-SF was a bifactor model without the internality dimension. In Study 2, a CFA replicated the factorial structure of Study 1 and individuals with a high negative cognitive style exhibited a negative interpretation bias after controlling for depressive symptoms. Limitations: The university-age sample limited the generalizability of our results to different populations, and the lack of longitudinal data prevented us from discussing further implications on the relationship between the negative interpretation bias and negative cognitive style in predicting depression. Conclusions: Together, the results of our two studies support the construct validity of the CSQ-SF and recommend the use of a composite score of negative cognitive style without internality.
Keywords
ATTRIBUTIONAL STYLE, HOPELESSNESS THEORY, LIFE EVENTS, INDIVIDUALS, SYMPTOMS, MOOD, RISK, BIAS, ADOLESCENCE, RELIABILITY, Negative cognitive style, Cognitive style questionnaire, Internality, Interpretation bias, Negative mood induction

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MLA
Giuntoli, Laura, et al. “Measuring Cognitive Vulnerability to Depression : Further Evidence on the Factorial and Predictive Validity of Negative Cognitive Style.” JOURNAL OF BEHAVIOR THERAPY AND EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHIATRY, vol. 65, Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd, 2019.
APA
Giuntoli, L., Marchetti, I., Panzeri, A., Spoto, A., Vidotto, G., & Caudek, C. (2019). Measuring cognitive vulnerability to depression : further evidence on the factorial and predictive validity of negative cognitive style. JOURNAL OF BEHAVIOR THERAPY AND EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHIATRY, 65.
Chicago author-date
Giuntoli, Laura, Igor Marchetti, Anna Panzeri, Andrea Spoto, Giulio Vidotto, and Corrado Caudek. 2019. “Measuring Cognitive Vulnerability to Depression : Further Evidence on the Factorial and Predictive Validity of Negative Cognitive Style.” JOURNAL OF BEHAVIOR THERAPY AND EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHIATRY 65.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Giuntoli, Laura, Igor Marchetti, Anna Panzeri, Andrea Spoto, Giulio Vidotto, and Corrado Caudek. 2019. “Measuring Cognitive Vulnerability to Depression : Further Evidence on the Factorial and Predictive Validity of Negative Cognitive Style.” JOURNAL OF BEHAVIOR THERAPY AND EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHIATRY 65.
Vancouver
1.
Giuntoli L, Marchetti I, Panzeri A, Spoto A, Vidotto G, Caudek C. Measuring cognitive vulnerability to depression : further evidence on the factorial and predictive validity of negative cognitive style. JOURNAL OF BEHAVIOR THERAPY AND EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHIATRY. 2019;65.
IEEE
[1]
L. Giuntoli, I. Marchetti, A. Panzeri, A. Spoto, G. Vidotto, and C. Caudek, “Measuring cognitive vulnerability to depression : further evidence on the factorial and predictive validity of negative cognitive style,” JOURNAL OF BEHAVIOR THERAPY AND EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHIATRY, vol. 65, 2019.
@article{8629670,
  abstract     = {Background and objectives: Previous research has provided insufficient evidence on the factorial validity of the negative cognitive style questionnaires, which is a problem for the validity of the total scores computation. In Study 1, we focused on the relationship between internality and the other dimensions of negative cognitive style. In Study 2, we explored the predictive validity of negative cognitive style for negative interpretation bias. Methods: In Study 1, 770 participants completed the Cognitive Style Questionnaire - Short Form (CSQ-SF). In Study 2, from a prescreening data collection (N = 300) we selected participants with low (N = 40) and high (N = 32) cognitive vulnerability to depression who were primed with negative mood induction and who completed a generative interpretation task. Results: In Study 1, a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) indicated that the best fitting model for the CSQ-SF was a bifactor model without the internality dimension. In Study 2, a CFA replicated the factorial structure of Study 1 and individuals with a high negative cognitive style exhibited a negative interpretation bias after controlling for depressive symptoms. Limitations: The university-age sample limited the generalizability of our results to different populations, and the lack of longitudinal data prevented us from discussing further implications on the relationship between the negative interpretation bias and negative cognitive style in predicting depression. Conclusions: Together, the results of our two studies support the construct validity of the CSQ-SF and recommend the use of a composite score of negative cognitive style without internality.},
  articleno    = {101479},
  author       = {Giuntoli, Laura and Marchetti, Igor and Panzeri, Anna and Spoto, Andrea and Vidotto, Giulio and Caudek, Corrado},
  issn         = {0005-7916},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF BEHAVIOR THERAPY AND EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHIATRY},
  keywords     = {ATTRIBUTIONAL STYLE,HOPELESSNESS THEORY,LIFE EVENTS,INDIVIDUALS,SYMPTOMS,MOOD,RISK,BIAS,ADOLESCENCE,RELIABILITY,Negative cognitive style,Cognitive style questionnaire,Internality,Interpretation bias,Negative mood induction},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {8},
  publisher    = {Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd},
  title        = {Measuring cognitive vulnerability to depression : further evidence on the factorial and predictive validity of negative cognitive style},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.04.005},
  volume       = {65},
  year         = {2019},
}

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