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Open-ended Design. Local re-appropriations through imperfection

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Abstract
Design for Sustainability (DfS) focuses on wicked problems that cannot be modelled in reductionist ways. Furthermore, when bottom-up local interventions prove to have positive effects in their context, they remain hard to spread and might face failure if transferred the other contexts. Here, a research through-design approach is present-ed for highlighting a new paradigm, that questions the very nature of both design process and outcomes. Specifically, Open-ended Design (OeD) is introduced pursuing the creation of unfinished and ever-evolving outcomes (im-perfect by intention), embracing the out-of control local instances. In this approach balance between openness and over-design is sought, to facilitate both the global diffusion of design outcomes and their local re-appropriation. The aim of the research is to highlight existing connections between OeD and DfS, listing its values and limitations through some reported cases. In conclusion, designers might start designing for emergent aspects of the designed solutions, supporting multiple local re-appropriations.
Keywords
Open-ended Design, Re-appropriation, Design for Sustainability, Design for Change

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MLA
Ostuzzi, Francesca, and Valentina Rognoli. “Open-ended Design. Local Re-appropriations Through Imperfection .” Designing Sustainability for All. Ed. Marcelo Ambrosio & Carlo Vezzoli. Vol. 3. Milan: POLI.DESIGN, 2019. Print.
APA
Ostuzzi, F., & Rognoli, V. (2019). Open-ended Design. Local re-appropriations through imperfection . In M. Ambrosio & C. Vezzoli (Eds.), DESIGNING SUSTAINABILITY FOR ALL (Vol. 3). Presented at the 3rd LeNS world distributed conference , Milan: POLI.DESIGN.
Chicago author-date
Ostuzzi, Francesca, and Valentina Rognoli. 2019. “Open-ended Design. Local Re-appropriations Through Imperfection .” In Designing Sustainability for All, ed. Marcelo Ambrosio and Carlo Vezzoli. Vol. 3. Milan: POLI.DESIGN.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Ostuzzi, Francesca, and Valentina Rognoli. 2019. “Open-ended Design. Local Re-appropriations Through Imperfection .” In Designing Sustainability for All, ed. Marcelo Ambrosio and Carlo Vezzoli. Vol. 3. Milan: POLI.DESIGN.
Vancouver
1.
Ostuzzi F, Rognoli V. Open-ended Design. Local re-appropriations through imperfection . In: Ambrosio M, Vezzoli C, editors. DESIGNING SUSTAINABILITY FOR ALL. Milan: POLI.DESIGN; 2019.
IEEE
[1]
F. Ostuzzi and V. Rognoli, “Open-ended Design. Local re-appropriations through imperfection ,” in DESIGNING SUSTAINABILITY FOR ALL, Milano, 2019, vol. 3.
@inproceedings{8629330,
  abstract     = { Design  for  Sustainability  (DfS)  focuses  on  wicked  problems  that  cannot  be  modelled  in  reductionist  ways.  Furthermore, when bottom-up local interventions prove to have positive effects in their context, they remain hard to spread and might face failure if  transferred the other contexts. Here, a research through-design approach is present-ed for highlighting a new paradigm, that questions the very nature of both design process and outcomes. Specifically, Open-ended Design (OeD) is introduced pursuing the creation of unfinished and ever-evolving outcomes (im-perfect by intention), embracing the out-of control local instances. In this approach balance between openness and over-design  is  sought,  to  facilitate  both  the  global  diffusion  of   design  outcomes  and  their  local  re-appropriation.  The aim of  the research is to highlight existing connections between OeD and DfS, listing its values and limitations through some reported cases. In conclusion, designers might start designing for emergent aspects of  the designed solutions, supporting multiple local re-appropriations. 
},
  author       = {Ostuzzi, Francesca and Rognoli, Valentina},
  booktitle    = {DESIGNING SUSTAINABILITY FOR ALL},
  editor       = {Ambrosio, Marcelo and Vezzoli, Carlo},
  keywords     = {Open-ended Design,Re-appropriation,Design for Sustainability,Design for Change},
  location     = {Milano},
  publisher    = {POLI.DESIGN},
  title        = {Open-ended Design. Local re-appropriations through imperfection },
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2019},
}