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Electrospinning repellents in polyvinyl alcohol-nanofibres for obtaining mosquito-repelling fabrics

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Abstract
Recently, the use of repellents for preventing the transmission of mosquito-borne diseases is getting increasingly more attention. However, most of the current repellents are volatile in nature and must be frequently re-applied as their efficacy is only limited to a short period of time. Therefore, a slow release and abrasion-resistant mechanism is needed for prolonging the protection time of the repellents. The focus of this study is on the direct micro-encapsulation of repellents from an emulsion and integration of already encapsulated repellents into nanofibres via electrospinning. Different repellents were electrospun in polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) nanofibrous structures, namely p-menthane-3,8-diol micro-capsules, permethrin, chilli and catnip oil. The repellents were successfully incorporated in the nanofibres and the tensile properties of the resulting samples did not have a significant change. This means that the newly created textiles were identical to current PVA nanofibrous textiles with the added benefit of being mosquito repellent. Principally, all incorporated repellents in the nanofibrous structures showed a significantly reduced number of mosquito landings compared to the control. Consequently, the currently described method resulted in a new and very effective repelling textile material that can be used in the prevention against mosquito-associated diseases.
Keywords
electrospinning, mosquito, repellent, emulsion, micro-capsules, INSECT REPELLENTS, ENCAPSULATION, MORPHOLOGY

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MLA
Ciera, Lucy, et al. “Electrospinning Repellents in Polyvinyl Alcohol-Nanofibres for Obtaining Mosquito-Repelling Fabrics.” ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE, vol. 6, no. 8, 2019.
APA
Ciera, L., Beladjal, L., Van Landuyt, L., Menger, D., Holdinga, M., Mertens, J., … Gheysens, T. (2019). Electrospinning repellents in polyvinyl alcohol-nanofibres for obtaining mosquito-repelling fabrics. ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE, 6(8).
Chicago author-date
Ciera, Lucy, Lynda Beladjal, Lieve Van Landuyt, David Menger, Maarten Holdinga, Johan Mertens, Lieva Van Langenhove, Karen De Clerck, and Tom Gheysens. 2019. “Electrospinning Repellents in Polyvinyl Alcohol-Nanofibres for Obtaining Mosquito-Repelling Fabrics.” ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE 6 (8).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Ciera, Lucy, Lynda Beladjal, Lieve Van Landuyt, David Menger, Maarten Holdinga, Johan Mertens, Lieva Van Langenhove, Karen De Clerck, and Tom Gheysens. 2019. “Electrospinning Repellents in Polyvinyl Alcohol-Nanofibres for Obtaining Mosquito-Repelling Fabrics.” ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE 6 (8).
Vancouver
1.
Ciera L, Beladjal L, Van Landuyt L, Menger D, Holdinga M, Mertens J, et al. Electrospinning repellents in polyvinyl alcohol-nanofibres for obtaining mosquito-repelling fabrics. ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE. 2019;6(8).
IEEE
[1]
L. Ciera et al., “Electrospinning repellents in polyvinyl alcohol-nanofibres for obtaining mosquito-repelling fabrics,” ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE, vol. 6, no. 8, 2019.
@article{8627257,
  abstract     = {Recently, the use of repellents for preventing the transmission of mosquito-borne diseases is getting increasingly more attention. However, most of the current repellents are volatile in nature and must be frequently re-applied as their efficacy is only limited to a short period of time. Therefore, a slow release and abrasion-resistant mechanism is needed for prolonging the protection time of the repellents. The focus of this study is on the direct micro-encapsulation of repellents from an emulsion and integration of already encapsulated repellents into nanofibres via electrospinning. Different repellents were electrospun in polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) nanofibrous structures, namely p-menthane-3,8-diol micro-capsules, permethrin, chilli and catnip oil. The repellents were successfully incorporated in the nanofibres and the tensile properties of the resulting samples did not have a significant change. This means that the newly created textiles were identical to current PVA nanofibrous textiles with the added benefit of being mosquito repellent. Principally, all incorporated repellents in the nanofibrous structures showed a significantly reduced number of mosquito landings compared to the control. Consequently, the currently described method resulted in a new and very effective repelling textile material that can be used in the prevention against mosquito-associated diseases.},
  articleno    = {182139},
  author       = {Ciera, Lucy and Beladjal, Lynda and Van Landuyt, Lieve and Menger, David and Holdinga, Maarten and Mertens, Johan and Van Langenhove, Lieva and De Clerck, Karen and Gheysens, Tom},
  issn         = {2054-5703},
  journal      = {ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE},
  keywords     = {electrospinning,mosquito,repellent,emulsion,micro-capsules,INSECT REPELLENTS,ENCAPSULATION,MORPHOLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {12},
  title        = {Electrospinning repellents in polyvinyl alcohol-nanofibres for obtaining mosquito-repelling fabrics},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.182139},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2019},
}

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