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Alterations in the functional brain network in a rat model of epileptogenesis : a longitudinal resting state fMRI study

Emma Christiaen (UGent) , Marie-Gabrielle Goossens (UGent) , Robrecht Raedt (UGent) , Benedicte Descamps (UGent) , Lars Emil Larsen (UGent) , Erine Craey (UGent) , Evelien Carrette (UGent) , Kristl Vonck (UGent) , Paul Boon (UGent) and Christian Vanhove (UGent)
(2019) NEUROIMAGE. 202.
Author
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Abstract
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent epileptic seizures. Electrophysiological and neuroimaging studies in patients with epilepsy suggest that abnormal functional brain networks play a role in the development of epilepsy, i.e. epileptogenesis, resulting in the generation of spontaneous seizures and cognitive impairment. In this longitudinal study, we investigated changes in functional brain networks during epileptogenesis in the intraperitoneal kainic acid (IPKA) rat model of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) using resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) and graph theory. Additionally, we investigated whether these changes are related to the frequency of occurrence of spontaneous epileptic seizures in the chronic phase of epilepsy. Using a 7T MRI system, rsfMRI images were acquired under medetomidine anaesthesia before and 1, 3, 6, 10 and 16 weeks after status epilepticus (SE) induction in 20 IPKA animals and 7 healthy control animals. To obtain a functional network, correlation between fMRI time series of 38 regions of interest (ROIs) was calculated. Then, several graph theoretical network measures were calculated to describe and quantify the network changes. At least 17 weeks post-SE, IPKA animals were implanted with electrodes in the left and right dorsal hippocampus, EEG was measured for 7 consecutive days and spontaneous seizures were counted. Our results show that correlation coefficients of fMRI time series shift to lower values during epileptogenesis, indicating weaker whole brain network connections. Segregation and integration in the functional brain network also decrease, indicating a lower local interconnectivity and a lower overall communication efficiency. Secondly, this study demonstrates that the largest decrease in functional connectivity is observed for the retrosplenial cortex. Finally, post-SE changes in functional connectivity, segregation and integration are correlated with seizure frequency in the IPKA rat model.
Keywords
Cognitive Neuroscience, Neurology

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MLA
Christiaen, Emma, et al. “Alterations in the Functional Brain Network in a Rat Model of Epileptogenesis : A Longitudinal Resting State FMRI Study.” NEUROIMAGE, vol. 202, 2019, doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.116144.
APA
Christiaen, E., Goossens, M.-G., Raedt, R., Descamps, B., Larsen, L. E., Craey, E., … Vanhove, C. (2019). Alterations in the functional brain network in a rat model of epileptogenesis : a longitudinal resting state fMRI study. NEUROIMAGE, 202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.116144
Chicago author-date
Christiaen, Emma, Marie-Gabrielle Goossens, Robrecht Raedt, Benedicte Descamps, Lars Emil Larsen, Erine Craey, Evelien Carrette, Kristl Vonck, Paul Boon, and Christian Vanhove. 2019. “Alterations in the Functional Brain Network in a Rat Model of Epileptogenesis : A Longitudinal Resting State FMRI Study.” NEUROIMAGE 202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.116144.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Christiaen, Emma, Marie-Gabrielle Goossens, Robrecht Raedt, Benedicte Descamps, Lars Emil Larsen, Erine Craey, Evelien Carrette, Kristl Vonck, Paul Boon, and Christian Vanhove. 2019. “Alterations in the Functional Brain Network in a Rat Model of Epileptogenesis : A Longitudinal Resting State FMRI Study.” NEUROIMAGE 202. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.116144.
Vancouver
1.
Christiaen E, Goossens M-G, Raedt R, Descamps B, Larsen LE, Craey E, et al. Alterations in the functional brain network in a rat model of epileptogenesis : a longitudinal resting state fMRI study. NEUROIMAGE. 2019;202.
IEEE
[1]
E. Christiaen et al., “Alterations in the functional brain network in a rat model of epileptogenesis : a longitudinal resting state fMRI study,” NEUROIMAGE, vol. 202, 2019.
@article{8626811,
  abstract     = {Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent epileptic seizures. Electrophysiological and neuroimaging studies in patients with epilepsy suggest that abnormal functional brain networks play a role in the development of epilepsy, i.e. epileptogenesis, resulting in the generation of spontaneous seizures and cognitive impairment. In this longitudinal study, we investigated changes in functional brain networks during epileptogenesis in the intraperitoneal kainic acid (IPKA) rat model of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) using resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) and graph theory. Additionally, we investigated whether these changes are related to the frequency of occurrence of spontaneous epileptic seizures in the chronic phase of epilepsy. Using a 7T MRI system, rsfMRI images were acquired under medetomidine anaesthesia before and 1, 3, 6, 10 and 16 weeks after status epilepticus (SE) induction in 20 IPKA animals and 7 healthy control animals. To obtain a functional network, correlation between fMRI time series of 38 regions of interest (ROIs) was calculated. Then, several graph theoretical network measures were calculated to describe and quantify the network changes. At least 17 weeks post-SE, IPKA animals were implanted with electrodes in the left and right dorsal hippocampus, EEG was measured for 7 consecutive days and spontaneous seizures were counted. Our results show that correlation coefficients of fMRI time series shift to lower values during epileptogenesis, indicating weaker whole brain network connections. Segregation and integration in the functional brain network also decrease, indicating a lower local interconnectivity and a lower overall communication efficiency. Secondly, this study demonstrates that the largest decrease in functional connectivity is observed for the retrosplenial cortex. Finally, post-SE changes in functional connectivity, segregation and integration are correlated with seizure frequency in the IPKA rat model.},
  articleno    = {116144},
  author       = {Christiaen, Emma and Goossens, Marie-Gabrielle and Raedt, Robrecht and Descamps, Benedicte and Larsen, Lars Emil and Craey, Erine and Carrette, Evelien and Vonck, Kristl and Boon, Paul and Vanhove, Christian},
  issn         = {1053-8119},
  journal      = {NEUROIMAGE},
  keywords     = {Cognitive Neuroscience,Neurology},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {Alterations in the functional brain network in a rat model of epileptogenesis : a longitudinal resting state fMRI study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.116144},
  volume       = {202},
  year         = {2019},
}

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