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Labour flexibility and innovation, complementary or concurrent strategies? A review of the literature

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Abstract
The European strategy for growth has a double aim: becoming an innovative union and enhancing labour flexibility. Yet, few addressed the question whether these two strategies are compatible or concurrent strategies. Through a review of the literature, we address this question by focusing on different types of labour flexibility (functional, contractual and financial), and two types of innovation outcomes: employee-driven innovation (EDI) and organizational innovativeness. Using insights from different research traditions, sound evidence is found for a positive relation between different forms of functional flexibility and both EDI and organizational innovation. This is nevertheless not so for contractual and financial flexibility. Indications are found that these types of labour flexibility are potentially negative for both EDI and organizational innovation. Yet, trends in the European labour market and EU backed policies do not focus at enhancing functional flexibility, but rather aim to increase contractual and financial flexibility.

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MLA
De Spiegelaere, S., et al. “Labour Flexibility and Innovation, Complementary or Concurrent Strategies? A Review of the Literature.” Economic and Industrial Democracy, vol. 35, Sage Publications, 2014, p. 653, doi:10.1177/0143831X13492831.
APA
De Spiegelaere, S., Van Gyes, G., & Van Hootegem, G. (2014). Labour flexibility and innovation, complementary or concurrent strategies? A review of the literature. Economic and Industrial Democracy, 35, 653. https://doi.org/10.1177/0143831X13492831
Chicago author-date
De Spiegelaere, S, G Van Gyes, and G Van Hootegem. 2014. “Labour Flexibility and Innovation, Complementary or Concurrent Strategies? A Review of the Literature.” Economic and Industrial Democracy 35: 653. https://doi.org/10.1177/0143831X13492831.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Spiegelaere, S, G Van Gyes, and G Van Hootegem. 2014. “Labour Flexibility and Innovation, Complementary or Concurrent Strategies? A Review of the Literature.” Economic and Industrial Democracy 35: 653. doi:10.1177/0143831X13492831.
Vancouver
1.
De Spiegelaere S, Van Gyes G, Van Hootegem G. Labour flexibility and innovation, complementary or concurrent strategies? A review of the literature. Economic and Industrial Democracy. 2014;35:653.
IEEE
[1]
S. De Spiegelaere, G. Van Gyes, and G. Van Hootegem, “Labour flexibility and innovation, complementary or concurrent strategies? A review of the literature,” Economic and Industrial Democracy, vol. 35, p. 653, 2014.
@article{8626578,
  abstract     = {The European strategy for growth has a double aim: becoming an innovative union and enhancing labour flexibility. Yet, few addressed the question whether these two strategies are compatible or concurrent strategies. Through a review of the literature, we address this question by focusing on different types of labour flexibility (functional, contractual and financial), and two types of innovation outcomes: employee-driven innovation (EDI) and organizational innovativeness. Using insights from different research traditions, sound evidence is found for a positive relation between different forms of functional flexibility and both EDI and organizational innovation. This is nevertheless not so for contractual and financial flexibility. Indications are found that these types of labour flexibility are potentially negative for both EDI and organizational innovation. Yet, trends in the European labour market and EU backed policies do not focus at enhancing functional flexibility, but rather aim to increase contractual and financial flexibility.},
  author       = {De Spiegelaere, S and Van Gyes, G and Van Hootegem, G},
  issn         = {0143-831X},
  journal      = {Economic and Industrial Democracy},
  language     = {und},
  publisher    = {Sage Publications},
  title        = {Labour flexibility and innovation, complementary or concurrent strategies? A review of the literature},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0143831X13492831},
  volume       = {35},
  year         = {2014},
}

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