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Unravelling the functions of biogenic volatiles in boreal and temperate forest ecosystems

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Abstract
Living trees are the main source of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) in forest ecosystems, but substantial emissions originate from leaf and wood litter, the rhizosphere and from microorganisms. This review focuses on temperate and boreal forest ecosystems and the roles of BVOCs in ecosystem function, from the leaf to the forest canopy and from the forest soil to the atmosphere level. Moreover, emphasis is given to the question of how BVOCs will help forests adapt to environmental stress, particularly biotic stress related to climate change. Trees use their vascular system and emissions of BVOCs in internal communication, but emitted BVOCs have extended the communication to tree population and whole community levels and beyond. Future forestry practices should consider the importance of BVOCs in attraction and repulsion of attacking bark beetles, but also take an advantage of herbivore-induced BVOCs to improve the efficiency of natural enemies of herbivores. BVOCs are extensively involved in ecosystem services provided by forests including the positive effects on human health. BVOCs have a key role in ozone formation but also in ozone quenching. Oxidation products form secondary organic aerosols that disperse sunlight deeper into the forest canopy, and affect cloud formation and ultimately the climate. We also discuss the technical side of reliable BVOC sampling of forest trees for future interdisciplinary studies that should bridge the gaps between the forest sciences, health sciences, chemical ecology, conservation biology, tree physiology and atmospheric science.
Keywords
Biotic interactions, Ecosystem services, Forest-atmosphere interactions, Isoprene, Monoterpenes, Semiochemicals, ORGANIC-COMPOUND EMISSIONS, INDUCED BVOC EMISSIONS, SCOTS PINE, NORWAY SPRUCE, BARK BEETLE, MONOTERPENE EMISSIONS, ELEVATED OZONE, VOC EMISSIONS, SILVER BIRCH, HYLOBIUS-ABIETIS

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MLA
Simpraga, Maja, et al. “Unravelling the Functions of Biogenic Volatiles in Boreal and Temperate Forest Ecosystems.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH, vol. 138, no. 5, 2019, pp. 763–87.
APA
Simpraga, M., Ghimire, R. P., Van Der Straeten, D., Blande, J. D., Kasurinen, A., Sorvari, J., … Kivimäenpää, M. (2019). Unravelling the functions of biogenic volatiles in boreal and temperate forest ecosystems. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH, 138(5), 763–787.
Chicago author-date
Simpraga, Maja, Rajendra P Ghimire, Dominique Van Der Straeten, James D Blande, Anne Kasurinen, Jouni Sorvari, Toini Holopainen, Sandy Adriaenssens, Jarmo K Holopainen, and Minna Kivimäenpää. 2019. “Unravelling the Functions of Biogenic Volatiles in Boreal and Temperate Forest Ecosystems.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH 138 (5): 763–87.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Simpraga, Maja, Rajendra P Ghimire, Dominique Van Der Straeten, James D Blande, Anne Kasurinen, Jouni Sorvari, Toini Holopainen, Sandy Adriaenssens, Jarmo K Holopainen, and Minna Kivimäenpää. 2019. “Unravelling the Functions of Biogenic Volatiles in Boreal and Temperate Forest Ecosystems.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH 138 (5): 763–787.
Vancouver
1.
Simpraga M, Ghimire RP, Van Der Straeten D, Blande JD, Kasurinen A, Sorvari J, et al. Unravelling the functions of biogenic volatiles in boreal and temperate forest ecosystems. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH. 2019;138(5):763–87.
IEEE
[1]
M. Simpraga et al., “Unravelling the functions of biogenic volatiles in boreal and temperate forest ecosystems,” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH, vol. 138, no. 5, pp. 763–787, 2019.
@article{8626250,
  abstract     = {Living trees are the main source of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) in forest ecosystems, but substantial emissions originate from leaf and wood litter, the rhizosphere and from microorganisms. This review focuses on temperate and boreal forest ecosystems and the roles of BVOCs in ecosystem function, from the leaf to the forest canopy and from the forest soil to the atmosphere level. Moreover, emphasis is given to the question of how BVOCs will help forests adapt to environmental stress, particularly biotic stress related to climate change. Trees use their vascular system and emissions of BVOCs in internal communication, but emitted BVOCs have extended the communication to tree population and whole community levels and beyond. Future forestry practices should consider the importance of BVOCs in attraction and repulsion of attacking bark beetles, but also take an advantage of herbivore-induced BVOCs to improve the efficiency of natural enemies of herbivores. BVOCs are extensively involved in ecosystem services provided by forests including the positive effects on human health. BVOCs have a key role in ozone formation but also in ozone quenching. Oxidation products form secondary organic aerosols that disperse sunlight deeper into the forest canopy, and affect cloud formation and ultimately the climate. We also discuss the technical side of reliable BVOC sampling of forest trees for future interdisciplinary studies that should bridge the gaps between the forest sciences, health sciences, chemical ecology, conservation biology, tree physiology and atmospheric science.},
  author       = {Simpraga, Maja and Ghimire, Rajendra P and Van Der Straeten, Dominique and Blande, James D and Kasurinen, Anne and Sorvari, Jouni and Holopainen, Toini and Adriaenssens, Sandy and Holopainen, Jarmo K and Kivimäenpää, Minna},
  issn         = {1612-4669},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH},
  keywords     = {Biotic interactions,Ecosystem services,Forest-atmosphere interactions,Isoprene,Monoterpenes,Semiochemicals,ORGANIC-COMPOUND EMISSIONS,INDUCED BVOC EMISSIONS,SCOTS PINE,NORWAY SPRUCE,BARK BEETLE,MONOTERPENE EMISSIONS,ELEVATED OZONE,VOC EMISSIONS,SILVER BIRCH,HYLOBIUS-ABIETIS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {763--787},
  title        = {Unravelling the functions of biogenic volatiles in boreal and temperate forest ecosystems},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10342-019-01213-2},
  volume       = {138},
  year         = {2019},
}

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