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Differential UVR8 signal across the stem controls UV-B-induced inflorescence phototropism

(2019) PLANT CELL. 31(9). p.2070-2088
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Abstract
In the course of evolution, plants have developed mechanisms that orient their organs toward the incoming light. At the seedling stage, positive phototropism is mainly regulated by phototropin photoreceptors in blue and UV wavelengths. Contrasting with this, we report that UV RESISTANCE LOCUS8 (UVR8) serves as the predominant photoreceptor of UV-B-induced phototropic responses in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) inflorescence stems. We examined the molecular mechanisms underlying this response and our findings support the Blaauw theory (Blaauw, 1919), suggesting rapid differential growth through unilateral photomorphogenic growth inhibition. UVR8-dependent UV-B light perception occurs mainly in the epidermis and cortex, but deeper tissues such as endodermis can also contribute. Within stems, a spatial difference of UVR8 signal causes a transcript and protein increase of transcription factors ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL5 (HY5) and its homolog HY5 HOMOLOG at the UV-B-exposed side. The irradiated side shows (1) strong activation of flavonoid synthesis genes and flavonoid accumulation; (2) increased gibberellin (GA)2-oxidase expression, diminished GA1 levels, and accumulation of the DELLA protein REPRESSOR OF GA1; and (3) increased expression of the auxin transport regulator PINOID, contributing to diminished auxin signaling. Together, the data suggest a mechanism of phototropin-independent inflorescence phototropism through multiple, locally UVR8-regulated hormone pathways.
Keywords
TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR HY5, DEPENDENT AUXIN GRADIENTS, ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA, GENE-EXPRESSION, LIGHT REGULATION, PHOTOMORPHOGENIC RESPONSES, FAMILY-MEMBERS, PHYTOCHROME-B, RED-LIGHT, BLUE

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Citation

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MLA
Vanhaelewyn, Lucas, et al. “Differential UVR8 Signal across the Stem Controls UV-B-Induced Inflorescence Phototropism.” PLANT CELL, vol. 31, no. 9, 2019, pp. 2070–88.
APA
Vanhaelewyn, L., Viczián, A., Prinsen, E., Bernula, P., Serrano, A. M., Arana, M. V., … Vandenbussche, F. (2019). Differential UVR8 signal across the stem controls UV-B-induced inflorescence phototropism. PLANT CELL, 31(9), 2070–2088.
Chicago author-date
Vanhaelewyn, Lucas, András Viczián, Els Prinsen, Péter Bernula, Alejandro M Serrano, Maria V Arana, Carlos L Ballare, Ferenc Nagy, Dominique Van Der Straeten, and Filip Vandenbussche. 2019. “Differential UVR8 Signal across the Stem Controls UV-B-Induced Inflorescence Phototropism.” PLANT CELL 31 (9): 2070–88.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vanhaelewyn, Lucas, András Viczián, Els Prinsen, Péter Bernula, Alejandro M Serrano, Maria V Arana, Carlos L Ballare, Ferenc Nagy, Dominique Van Der Straeten, and Filip Vandenbussche. 2019. “Differential UVR8 Signal across the Stem Controls UV-B-Induced Inflorescence Phototropism.” PLANT CELL 31 (9): 2070–2088.
Vancouver
1.
Vanhaelewyn L, Viczián A, Prinsen E, Bernula P, Serrano AM, Arana MV, et al. Differential UVR8 signal across the stem controls UV-B-induced inflorescence phototropism. PLANT CELL. 2019;31(9):2070–88.
IEEE
[1]
L. Vanhaelewyn et al., “Differential UVR8 signal across the stem controls UV-B-induced inflorescence phototropism,” PLANT CELL, vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 2070–2088, 2019.
@article{8626237,
  abstract     = {In the course of evolution, plants have developed mechanisms that orient their organs toward the incoming light. At the seedling stage, positive phototropism is mainly regulated by phototropin photoreceptors in blue and UV wavelengths. Contrasting with this, we report that UV RESISTANCE LOCUS8 (UVR8) serves as the predominant photoreceptor of UV-B-induced phototropic responses in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) inflorescence stems. We examined the molecular mechanisms underlying this response and our findings support the Blaauw theory (Blaauw, 1919), suggesting rapid differential growth through unilateral photomorphogenic growth inhibition. UVR8-dependent UV-B light perception occurs mainly in the epidermis and cortex, but deeper tissues such as endodermis can also contribute. Within stems, a spatial difference of UVR8 signal causes a transcript and protein increase of transcription factors ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL5 (HY5) and its homolog HY5 HOMOLOG at the UV-B-exposed side. The irradiated side shows (1) strong activation of flavonoid synthesis genes and flavonoid accumulation; (2) increased gibberellin (GA)2-oxidase expression, diminished GA1 levels, and accumulation of the DELLA protein REPRESSOR OF GA1; and (3) increased expression of the auxin transport regulator PINOID, contributing to diminished auxin signaling. Together, the data suggest a mechanism of phototropin-independent inflorescence phototropism through multiple, locally UVR8-regulated hormone pathways.},
  author       = {Vanhaelewyn, Lucas and Viczián, András and Prinsen, Els and Bernula, Péter and Serrano, Alejandro M and Arana, Maria V and Ballare, Carlos L and Nagy, Ferenc and Van Der Straeten, Dominique and Vandenbussche, Filip},
  issn         = {1040-4651},
  journal      = {PLANT CELL},
  keywords     = {TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR HY5,DEPENDENT AUXIN GRADIENTS,ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA,GENE-EXPRESSION,LIGHT REGULATION,PHOTOMORPHOGENIC RESPONSES,FAMILY-MEMBERS,PHYTOCHROME-B,RED-LIGHT,BLUE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {2070--2088},
  title        = {Differential UVR8 signal across the stem controls UV-B-induced inflorescence phototropism},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.18.00929},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2019},
}

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