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Major events and urban development : exploring the spatial impact of China's expositions in the early twentieth century

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Abstract
ABSTRACT Urban developments steered by major events have a long history. Already from the second half of the nineteenth century, World Expositions were mobilized as opportunities for urban upgrading. This article highlights the spatial effects of three Chinese major expositions on their host cities in the early twentieth century (1906–1929). It will in particular highlight the impact on urban development and planning, such as the construction of modern public complexes, the promotion of new urban districts, and the catalysis of structural urban transitions. Considering the significant historical, political, and social analogies, we argue in this article that expositions were adopted under the influence of foreign examples as a model of planning interventions to prompt the modernization of the host cities in China. However, while there was an important transfer of spatial concepts and models, we contend that Chinese authorities played a leading role in importing and exploiting these expositions as strategic instruments. They did so by actively and consciously mobilizing multiple urban actors such as social elites, but also civil society leaders and merchants. This article based on archival research on three expositions, provides novel insights into the urban history of the host cities during the exposition period.
Keywords
Major events, expositions, spatial impact, urban development, planning, modernization, China

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Chicago
Liu, Zhe, Pieter Uyttenhove, Luce Beeckmans, and Xin Zheng. 2019. “Major Events and Urban Development : Exploring the Spatial Impact of China’s Expositions in the Early Twentieth Century.” Planning Perspectives: 1–26.
APA
Liu, Zhe, Uyttenhove, P., Beeckmans, L., & Zheng, X. (2019). Major events and urban development : exploring the spatial impact of China’s expositions in the early twentieth century. PLANNING PERSPECTIVES, 1–26.
Vancouver
1.
Liu Z, Uyttenhove P, Beeckmans L, Zheng X. Major events and urban development : exploring the spatial impact of China’s expositions in the early twentieth century. PLANNING PERSPECTIVES. 2019;1–26.
MLA
Liu, Zhe et al. “Major Events and Urban Development : Exploring the Spatial Impact of China’s Expositions in the Early Twentieth Century.” PLANNING PERSPECTIVES (2019): 1–26. Print.
@article{8625290,
  abstract     = {ABSTRACT
Urban developments steered by major events have a long history. Already from the second half of the nineteenth century, World Expositions were mobilized as opportunities for urban upgrading. This article highlights the spatial effects of three Chinese major expositions on their host cities in the early twentieth century (1906–1929). It will in particular highlight the impact on urban development and planning, such as the construction of modern public complexes, the promotion of new urban districts, and the catalysis of structural urban transitions. Considering the significant historical, political, and social analogies, we argue in this article that expositions were adopted under the influence of foreign examples as a model of planning interventions to prompt the modernization of the host cities in China. However, while there was an important transfer of spatial concepts and models, we contend that Chinese authorities played a leading role in importing and exploiting these expositions as strategic instruments. They did so by actively and consciously mobilizing multiple urban actors such as social elites, but also civil society leaders and merchants. This article based on archival research on three expositions, provides novel insights into the urban history of the host cities during the exposition period.},
  author       = {Liu, Zhe and Uyttenhove, Pieter and Beeckmans, Luce and Zheng, Xin},
  issn         = {0266-5433},
  journal      = {PLANNING PERSPECTIVES},
  keywords     = {Major events,expositions,spatial impact,urban development,planning,modernization,China},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1--26},
  title        = {Major events and urban development : exploring the spatial impact of China's expositions in the early twentieth century},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02665433.2019.1596831},
  year         = {2019},
}

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