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The on-going search for perspective-taking IRAPs : exploring the potential of the natural language-IRAP

(2019) PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD. 69(2). p.291-314
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Abstract
Under a Relational Frame Theory (RFT) framework, researchers have investigated the role of deictic relational responding (perspective-taking) in the analysis of self in relation to others, place, and time. The aim of the current research was to develop IRAPs that targeted deictic relational responding with regard to the mental states of self and others. This was pursued in a series of experiments that employed a novel version of the IRAP, known as the Natural Language-IRAP (NL-IRAP). The use of the NL-IRAP allowed for the presentation of relatively complex statements that required participants to infer the thoughts or beliefs of others on a trial-by-trial basis within the IRAP. Across a sequence of six experiments, a self-focused IRAP required participants to respond to both positive and negative statements about themselves, whereas an other-focused IRAP required participants to respond to similar statements about others. Experiments 1 and 2 investigated perspective-taking with regard to an unspecified other. Experiments 3-6 investigated perspective-taking with regard to a specified other, with the specified relationship between self and other manipulated across experiments. The results of Experiments 1 and 2 indicated that the other-focused IRAP produced overall bias scores that were significantly stronger than responding to the self-focused IRAP. It is interesting that nonsignificant differences were recorded across Experiments 3-6 when other was specified. The findings obtained across the six studies highlight potentially important limitations in the use of the NL-IRAP as a measure of perspective-taking.
Keywords
RELATIONAL ASSESSMENT PROCEDURE, SELF, QUESTIONNAIRE, SCHIZOPHRENIA, METAANALYSIS, EXPERIENCES, FRAME, Relational Frame Theory (RFT), Natural-Language IRAP, Deictic, Perspective-taking

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Citation

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MLA
Kavanagh, Deirdre, et al. “The On-Going Search for Perspective-Taking IRAPs : Exploring the Potential of the Natural Language-IRAP.” PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD, vol. 69, no. 2, Springer, 2019, pp. 291–314.
APA
Kavanagh, D., Roelandt, A., Van Raemdonck, L., Barnes-Holmes, Y., Barnes-Holmes, P. M. D., & McEnteggart, C. (2019). The on-going search for perspective-taking IRAPs : exploring the potential of the natural language-IRAP. PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD, 69(2), 291–314.
Chicago author-date
Kavanagh, Deirdre, Adeline Roelandt, Lisa Van Raemdonck, Yvonne Barnes-Holmes, Patrick Michael Dermot Barnes-Holmes, and Ciara McEnteggart. 2019. “The On-Going Search for Perspective-Taking IRAPs : Exploring the Potential of the Natural Language-IRAP.” PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD 69 (2): 291–314.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Kavanagh, Deirdre, Adeline Roelandt, Lisa Van Raemdonck, Yvonne Barnes-Holmes, Patrick Michael Dermot Barnes-Holmes, and Ciara McEnteggart. 2019. “The On-Going Search for Perspective-Taking IRAPs : Exploring the Potential of the Natural Language-IRAP.” PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD 69 (2): 291–314.
Vancouver
1.
Kavanagh D, Roelandt A, Van Raemdonck L, Barnes-Holmes Y, Barnes-Holmes PMD, McEnteggart C. The on-going search for perspective-taking IRAPs : exploring the potential of the natural language-IRAP. PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD. 2019;69(2):291–314.
IEEE
[1]
D. Kavanagh, A. Roelandt, L. Van Raemdonck, Y. Barnes-Holmes, P. M. D. Barnes-Holmes, and C. McEnteggart, “The on-going search for perspective-taking IRAPs : exploring the potential of the natural language-IRAP,” PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD, vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 291–314, 2019.
@article{8624535,
  abstract     = {Under a Relational Frame Theory (RFT) framework, researchers have investigated the role of deictic relational responding (perspective-taking) in the analysis of self in relation to others, place, and time. The aim of the current research was to develop IRAPs that targeted deictic relational responding with regard to the mental states of self and others. This was pursued in a series of experiments that employed a novel version of the IRAP, known as the Natural Language-IRAP (NL-IRAP). The use of the NL-IRAP allowed for the presentation of relatively complex statements that required participants to infer the thoughts or beliefs of others on a trial-by-trial basis within the IRAP. Across a sequence of six experiments, a self-focused IRAP required participants to respond to both positive and negative statements about themselves, whereas an other-focused IRAP required participants to respond to similar statements about others. Experiments 1 and 2 investigated perspective-taking with regard to an unspecified other. Experiments 3-6 investigated perspective-taking with regard to a specified other, with the specified relationship between self and other manipulated across experiments. The results of Experiments 1 and 2 indicated that the other-focused IRAP produced overall bias scores that were significantly stronger than responding to the self-focused IRAP. It is interesting that nonsignificant differences were recorded across Experiments 3-6 when other was specified. The findings obtained across the six studies highlight potentially important limitations in the use of the NL-IRAP as a measure of perspective-taking.},
  author       = {Kavanagh, Deirdre and Roelandt, Adeline and Van Raemdonck, Lisa and Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne and Barnes-Holmes, Patrick Michael Dermot and McEnteggart, Ciara},
  issn         = {0033-2933},
  journal      = {PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD},
  keywords     = {RELATIONAL ASSESSMENT PROCEDURE,SELF,QUESTIONNAIRE,SCHIZOPHRENIA,METAANALYSIS,EXPERIENCES,FRAME,Relational Frame Theory (RFT),Natural-Language IRAP,Deictic,Perspective-taking},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {291--314},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  title        = {The on-going search for perspective-taking IRAPs : exploring the potential of the natural language-IRAP},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40732-019-00333-w},
  volume       = {69},
  year         = {2019},
}

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