Advanced search
Add to list

Identifying erosion hotspots in Lake Tana Basin from a multi-site SWAT validation : opportunity for land managers

Author
Organization
Abstract
Extensive catchment degradation throughout the Ethiopian highlands induced by long‐term intensified land use, erosion prone topography and climate cause substantial soil erosion that limits agricultural productivity and result lake sedimentation. However, before taking soil conservation measures, management of the soil loss problem essentially needs catchment level modelling to estimate the geographic distribution of erosion hotspots. With the increasing availability of sediment and spatial data and development of physically‐based models, this study aims multi‐site calibration of SWAT to map erosion hotspot areas and to assess the effect of well‐known land management alternatives in sediment reduction in the Lake Tana Basin (LTB). The SWAT simulations indicated that the goodness of fit between predicted and observed data were satisfactory for all gauge‐stations except for one, and the model performance was within acceptable evaluation ratings. Simulated average sediment yield (SY) for the period 2001‐2016 at subbasin level varies from negligible to about 169 Mg ha‐1 y‐1 (basin average 32 Mg ha‐1 y‐1). High potential SY (> 50 Mg ha‐1 y‐1) was simulated for 23% of the subbasins in in Megech, upper Rib, upper Gumara and Gilgel Abay catchments due to steep slope topography, aggressive rainfall, croplands dominance and low rock fragment cover. The differences in level of erosion risk among subbasins help to prioritize and target specific areas of the basin that need urgent soil conservation activities. Scenario analysis also showed that implementing stone bunds, Acacia decurrens based crop rotation, reforestation and grass contour strips reduce the existing SY by 51–61% at basin level. The potential sediment production could reach tolerable levels by implementing stone bunds, tree‐crop rotation and reforestation in steep slope areas and grass contour strips on gentle slopes. Overall, the multi‐site calibration of SWAT model using the measured runoff and sediment data produces reasonable results that may support decision makers and planners to implement relevant land management measures and thereby reduce the alarming problems of soil loss in the basin and sedimentation of Lake Tana.
Keywords
multi-gauge calibration, sediment yield, land management alternatives, acacia decurrens, Lake Tana Basin (Ethiopia)

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Lemma, Hannibal et al. “Identifying Erosion Hotspots in Lake Tana Basin from a Multi-site SWAT Validation : Opportunity for Land Managers.” SWAT International Conference, Book of Abstracts. 2019. 19–19. Print.
APA
Lemma, H., Frankl, A., van Griensven, A., Poesen, J., Adgo, E., & Nyssen, J. (2019). Identifying erosion hotspots in Lake Tana Basin from a multi-site SWAT validation : opportunity for land managers. SWAT international conference, Book of abstracts (pp. 19–19). Presented at the 2019 International Soil and Water Assessment Tool conference (SWAT).
Chicago author-date
Lemma, Hannibal, Amaury Frankl, A van Griensven, J Poesen, Enyew Adgo, and Jan Nyssen. 2019. “Identifying Erosion Hotspots in Lake Tana Basin from a Multi-site SWAT Validation : Opportunity for Land Managers.” In SWAT International Conference, Book of Abstracts, 19–19.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Lemma, Hannibal, Amaury Frankl, A van Griensven, J Poesen, Enyew Adgo, and Jan Nyssen. 2019. “Identifying Erosion Hotspots in Lake Tana Basin from a Multi-site SWAT Validation : Opportunity for Land Managers.” In SWAT International Conference, Book of Abstracts, 19–19.
Vancouver
1.
Lemma H, Frankl A, van Griensven A, Poesen J, Adgo E, Nyssen J. Identifying erosion hotspots in Lake Tana Basin from a multi-site SWAT validation : opportunity for land managers. SWAT international conference, Book of abstracts. 2019. p. 19–19.
IEEE
[1]
H. Lemma, A. Frankl, A. van Griensven, J. Poesen, E. Adgo, and J. Nyssen, “Identifying erosion hotspots in Lake Tana Basin from a multi-site SWAT validation : opportunity for land managers,” in SWAT international conference, Book of abstracts, Vienna, Austria, 2019, pp. 19–19.
@inproceedings{8624174,
  abstract     = {Extensive catchment degradation throughout the Ethiopian highlands induced by long‐term intensified land use, erosion prone topography and climate cause substantial soil erosion that limits agricultural productivity and result lake sedimentation. However, before taking soil conservation measures, management of the soil loss problem essentially needs catchment level modelling to estimate the geographic distribution of erosion hotspots. With the increasing availability of sediment and spatial data and development of physically‐based models, this study aims multi‐site calibration of SWAT to map erosion hotspot areas and to assess the effect of well‐known land management alternatives in sediment reduction in the Lake Tana Basin (LTB). The SWAT simulations indicated that the goodness of fit between predicted and observed data were satisfactory for all gauge‐stations except for one, and the model performance was within acceptable evaluation ratings. Simulated average sediment yield (SY) for the period 2001‐2016 at subbasin level varies from negligible to about 169 Mg ha‐1 y‐1 (basin average 32 Mg ha‐1 y‐1). High potential SY (> 50 Mg ha‐1 y‐1) was simulated for 23% of the subbasins in in Megech, upper Rib, upper Gumara and Gilgel Abay catchments due to steep slope topography, aggressive rainfall, croplands dominance and low rock fragment cover. The differences in level of erosion risk among subbasins help to prioritize and target specific areas of the basin that need urgent soil conservation activities. Scenario analysis also showed that implementing stone bunds, Acacia decurrens based crop rotation, reforestation and grass contour strips reduce the existing SY by 51–61% at basin level. The potential sediment production could reach tolerable levels by implementing stone bunds, tree‐crop rotation and reforestation in steep slope areas and grass contour strips on gentle slopes. Overall, the multi‐site calibration of SWAT model using the measured runoff and sediment data produces reasonable results that may support decision makers and planners to implement relevant land management measures and thereby reduce the alarming problems of soil loss in the basin and sedimentation of Lake Tana.},
  author       = {Lemma, Hannibal and Frankl, Amaury and van Griensven, A and Poesen, J and Adgo, Enyew and Nyssen, Jan},
  booktitle    = {SWAT international conference, Book of abstracts},
  keywords     = {multi-gauge calibration,sediment yield,land management alternatives,acacia decurrens,Lake Tana Basin (Ethiopia)},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Vienna, Austria},
  pages        = {19--19},
  title        = {Identifying erosion hotspots in Lake Tana Basin from a multi-site SWAT validation : opportunity for land managers},
  year         = {2019},
}