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Abstract
The power that can be carried by offshore power cables is often restricted by the temperature limit of the materials inside the cable. It is therefore essential to predict the heat transfer behavior of the dissipated power from the cable to the environment. Offshore cables are buried in the seabed, which is a porous structure of sea soil saturated with water. Both conduction of heat through the soil, as well as natural convection due to the flow of water through the porous soil, are possible ways of heat transfer. Most cases are best described as a combination of these heat transfer effects. In this paper, a numerical model is made to predict the heat transfer from the cable to the environment by modeling the surrounding soil as a porous medium. The influence of soil parameters such as conductivity, heat capacity and permeability, as well as geometrical parameters, such as burial depth and cable diameter, are tested. An analytical expression, which can estimate the heat transfer rate for conduction dominated heat flows, is used. For convection dominated heat flows, a correlation in function of the Darcy-modified Rayleigh number is used. For heat flows which are a combination of conduction and convection effects, an algebraic summation of the thermal conductance due to convection and conduction is found not to give adequate agreement with the simulations. It is shown that an asymptotic expansion of the limiting equations for conductive and convective heat transfer rate can be used to determine the total heat flow effectively. Several soil samples in the North Sea are analyzed, and the thermal properties are used as inputs for the model. These calculations show that conduction is the main heat transfer effect and that convection has a limited effect on the heat transfer.
Keywords
thermal modelling, computational fluid dynamics, porous media

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MLA
T’Jollyn, Ilya, et al. “Combined Conduction and Natural Convection Cooling of Offshore Power Cables in Porous Sea Soil.” PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2019 EIGHTEENTH IEEE INTERSOCIETY CONFERENCE ON THERMAL AND THERMOMECHANICAL PHENOMENA IN ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS (ITHERM 2019), 2019, pp. 1307–12.
APA
T’Jollyn, I., Callewaert, M., Nonneman, J., Van de Wauw, J., Ameel, B., & De Paepe, M. (2019). Combined conduction and natural convection cooling of offshore power cables in porous sea soil. In PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2019 EIGHTEENTH IEEE INTERSOCIETY CONFERENCE ON THERMAL AND THERMOMECHANICAL PHENOMENA IN ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS (ITHERM 2019) (pp. 1307–1312). Las Vegas, NV, USA.
Chicago author-date
T’Jollyn, Ilya, Manly Callewaert, Jasper Nonneman, Johan Van de Wauw, Bernd Ameel, and Michel De Paepe. 2019. “Combined Conduction and Natural Convection Cooling of Offshore Power Cables in Porous Sea Soil.” In PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2019 EIGHTEENTH IEEE INTERSOCIETY CONFERENCE ON THERMAL AND THERMOMECHANICAL PHENOMENA IN ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS (ITHERM 2019), 1307–12.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
T’Jollyn, Ilya, Manly Callewaert, Jasper Nonneman, Johan Van de Wauw, Bernd Ameel, and Michel De Paepe. 2019. “Combined Conduction and Natural Convection Cooling of Offshore Power Cables in Porous Sea Soil.” In PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2019 EIGHTEENTH IEEE INTERSOCIETY CONFERENCE ON THERMAL AND THERMOMECHANICAL PHENOMENA IN ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS (ITHERM 2019), 1307–1312.
Vancouver
1.
T’Jollyn I, Callewaert M, Nonneman J, Van de Wauw J, Ameel B, De Paepe M. Combined conduction and natural convection cooling of offshore power cables in porous sea soil. In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2019 EIGHTEENTH IEEE INTERSOCIETY CONFERENCE ON THERMAL AND THERMOMECHANICAL PHENOMENA IN ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS (ITHERM 2019). 2019. p. 1307–12.
IEEE
[1]
I. T’Jollyn, M. Callewaert, J. Nonneman, J. Van de Wauw, B. Ameel, and M. De Paepe, “Combined conduction and natural convection cooling of offshore power cables in porous sea soil,” in PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2019 EIGHTEENTH IEEE INTERSOCIETY CONFERENCE ON THERMAL AND THERMOMECHANICAL PHENOMENA IN ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS (ITHERM 2019), Las Vegas, NV, USA, 2019, pp. 1307–1312.
@inproceedings{8623952,
  abstract     = {The power that can be carried by offshore power cables is often restricted by the temperature limit of the materials inside the cable. It is therefore essential to predict the heat transfer behavior of the dissipated power from the cable to the environment. Offshore cables are buried in the seabed, which is a porous structure of sea soil saturated with water. Both conduction of heat through the soil, as well as natural convection due to the flow of water through the porous soil, are possible ways of heat transfer. Most cases are best described as a combination of these heat transfer effects. In this paper, a numerical model is made to predict the heat transfer from the cable to the environment by modeling the surrounding soil as a porous medium. The influence of soil parameters such as conductivity, heat capacity and permeability, as well as geometrical parameters, such as burial depth and cable diameter, are tested. An analytical expression, which can estimate the heat transfer rate for conduction dominated heat flows, is used. For convection dominated heat flows, a correlation in function of the Darcy-modified Rayleigh number is used. For heat flows which are a combination of conduction and convection effects, an algebraic summation of the thermal conductance due to convection and conduction is found not to give adequate agreement with the simulations. It is shown that an asymptotic expansion of the limiting equations for conductive and convective heat transfer rate can be used to determine the total heat flow effectively. Several soil samples in the North Sea are analyzed, and the thermal properties are used as inputs for the model. These calculations show that conduction is the main heat transfer effect and that convection has a limited effect on the heat transfer.},
  author       = {T'Jollyn, Ilya and Callewaert, Manly and Nonneman, Jasper and Van de Wauw, Johan and Ameel, Bernd and De Paepe, Michel},
  booktitle    = {PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2019 EIGHTEENTH IEEE INTERSOCIETY CONFERENCE ON THERMAL AND THERMOMECHANICAL PHENOMENA IN ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS (ITHERM 2019)},
  isbn         = {9781728124612},
  issn         = {1936-3958},
  keywords     = {thermal modelling,computational fluid dynamics,porous media},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Las Vegas, NV, USA},
  pages        = {1307--1312},
  title        = {Combined conduction and natural convection cooling of offshore power cables in porous sea soil},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/itherm.2019.8757354},
  year         = {2019},
}

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