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Late Holocene changes in erosion patterns in a lacustrine environment : landscape stabilization by volcanic activity versus human activity

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Abstract
The most recent eruption of Mount Fuji (Japan), the VEI 5 Hoei plinian eruption (CE 1707) heavily impacted Lake Yamanaka, a shallow lake located at the foot of Mount Fuji. Here we discuss the influence of the Hoei eruption on the lacustrine sedimentation of Lake Yamanaka using high-resolution geophysical and geochemical measurements on gravity cores. Hoei scoria fallout had two major impacts on Lake Yamanaka: (i) reduction of the sedimentation rate (from similar to 0.16 to similar to 0.09 cm/year) and (ii) the increase of in situ lake productivity. Sedimentation rates after the eruption were relatively low due to the thick scoria layer, trapping underlying sediments in the catchment. The lacustrine system took more than similar to 170 years to begin to recover from the Hoei eruption: most recently sedimentation recovery has been accelerated by changes in land use. Since the beginning of the twentieth century, vegetated strips delimited cultivated parcels, trapping sediment and minimizing anthropogenic impacts on the sedimentation rate. Over the last decade, the decline of agriculture and the increase of other human activities has led to an increase in the sedimentation rate (similar to 1 cm/year). This study highlights the effect of the grainsize of the volcanic ejecta on the sedimentation rate following a volcanic eruption. Coarse-grained tephra are difficult to erode. Therefore, their erosion and remobilization is largely limited to intense typhoons when porous scoria deposits are saturated by heavy rains. Moreover, this study suggests that recent anthropogenic modifications of the catchment had a greater impact on the sedimentation rate than the Hoei eruption.
Keywords
ERUPTION, DEPOSITION, TEPHRA, LAKE, SEDIMENTS, ASH

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MLA
Lamair, Laura et al. “Late Holocene Changes in Erosion Patterns in a Lacustrine Environment : Landscape Stabilization by Volcanic Activity Versus Human Activity.” GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS 20.4 (2019): 1720–1733. Print.
APA
Lamair, Laura, Hubert-Ferrari, A., El Ouahabi, M., Yamamoto, S., Schmidt, S., Vander Auwera, J., Lepoint, G., et al. (2019). Late Holocene changes in erosion patterns in a lacustrine environment : landscape stabilization by volcanic activity versus human activity. GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS, 20(4), 1720–1733.
Chicago author-date
Lamair, Laura, Aurelia Hubert-Ferrari, Meriam El Ouahabi, Shinya Yamamoto, Sabine Schmidt, Jacqueline Vander Auwera, Gilles Lepoint, et al. 2019. “Late Holocene Changes in Erosion Patterns in a Lacustrine Environment : Landscape Stabilization by Volcanic Activity Versus Human Activity.” Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 20 (4): 1720–1733.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Lamair, Laura, Aurelia Hubert-Ferrari, Meriam El Ouahabi, Shinya Yamamoto, Sabine Schmidt, Jacqueline Vander Auwera, Gilles Lepoint, Evelien Boes, Osamu Fujiwara, Yusuke Yokoyama, Marc De Batist, and Vanessa Heyvaert. 2019. “Late Holocene Changes in Erosion Patterns in a Lacustrine Environment : Landscape Stabilization by Volcanic Activity Versus Human Activity.” Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 20 (4): 1720–1733.
Vancouver
1.
Lamair L, Hubert-Ferrari A, El Ouahabi M, Yamamoto S, Schmidt S, Vander Auwera J, et al. Late Holocene changes in erosion patterns in a lacustrine environment : landscape stabilization by volcanic activity versus human activity. GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS. 2019;20(4):1720–33.
IEEE
[1]
L. Lamair et al., “Late Holocene changes in erosion patterns in a lacustrine environment : landscape stabilization by volcanic activity versus human activity,” GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 1720–1733, 2019.
@article{8623803,
  abstract     = {The most recent eruption of Mount Fuji (Japan), the VEI 5 Hoei plinian eruption (CE 1707) heavily impacted Lake Yamanaka, a shallow lake located at the foot of Mount Fuji. Here we discuss the influence of the Hoei eruption on the lacustrine sedimentation of Lake Yamanaka using high-resolution geophysical and geochemical measurements on gravity cores. Hoei scoria fallout had two major impacts on Lake Yamanaka: (i) reduction of the sedimentation rate (from similar to 0.16 to similar to 0.09 cm/year) and (ii) the increase of in situ lake productivity. Sedimentation rates after the eruption were relatively low due to the thick scoria layer, trapping underlying sediments in the catchment. The lacustrine system took more than similar to 170 years to begin to recover from the Hoei eruption: most recently sedimentation recovery has been accelerated by changes in land use. Since the beginning of the twentieth century, vegetated strips delimited cultivated parcels, trapping sediment and minimizing anthropogenic impacts on the sedimentation rate. Over the last decade, the decline of agriculture and the increase of other human activities has led to an increase in the sedimentation rate (similar to 1 cm/year). This study highlights the effect of the grainsize of the volcanic ejecta on the sedimentation rate following a volcanic eruption. Coarse-grained tephra are difficult to erode. Therefore, their erosion and remobilization is largely limited to intense typhoons when porous scoria deposits are saturated by heavy rains. Moreover, this study suggests that recent anthropogenic modifications of the catchment had a greater impact on the sedimentation rate than the Hoei eruption.},
  author       = {Lamair, Laura and Hubert-Ferrari, Aurelia and El Ouahabi, Meriam and Yamamoto, Shinya and Schmidt, Sabine and Vander Auwera, Jacqueline and Lepoint, Gilles and Boes, Evelien and Fujiwara, Osamu and Yokoyama, Yusuke and De Batist, Marc and Heyvaert, Vanessa},
  issn         = {1525-2027},
  journal      = {GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS},
  keywords     = {ERUPTION,DEPOSITION,TEPHRA,LAKE,SEDIMENTS,ASH},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {1720--1733},
  title        = {Late Holocene changes in erosion patterns in a lacustrine environment : landscape stabilization by volcanic activity versus human activity},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2018GC008067},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2019},
}

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