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The relationship between attentional processing of emotional information and personality: A comparison between older and younger adults

Priska Steenhaut (UGent) , Ineke Demeyer (UGent) , Gina Rossi (UGent) and Rudi De Raedt (UGent)
(2019) PLOS ONE. 14(5).
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Abstract
Older adults have been found to focus more on positive and less on negative information compared to younger adults. Yet, results on this attentional positivity effect are inconsistent. Since personality has been related to attentional processing in younger adults, we explored whether (mal) adaptive personality traits are also linked to the occurrence of the positivity effect measured with eye tracking paradigms. We performed two studies with different experimental tasks and recruited for each study 60 community dwelling younger (aged 2450) and 60 older (age 65-91) adults. We found some indication for a positivity effect with a free-viewing task (study 2), but not with a task measuring engagement and disengagement with emotional information (study 1). Although this effect should be interpreted with caution, it corroborates evidence that the positivity effect is more robust in situations without cognitive constraints. No evidence was found for personality traits to be related to the occurrence of the effect. Further research is needed to further clarify conditions that influence older adults' attention for emotional information.
Keywords
MINI-MENTAL-STATE, AGE-DIFFERENCES, GAZE, TEMPERAMENT, VALIDATION, DEPRESSION, VALENCE, TRAITS, BIAS

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Chicago
Steenhaut, Priska, Ineke Demeyer, Gina Rossi, and Rudi De Raedt. 2019. “The Relationship Between Attentional Processing of Emotional Information and Personality: A Comparison Between Older and Younger Adults.” Plos One 14 (5).
APA
Steenhaut, P., Demeyer, I., Rossi, G., & De Raedt, R. (2019). The relationship between attentional processing of emotional information and personality: A comparison between older and younger adults. PLOS ONE, 14(5).
Vancouver
1.
Steenhaut P, Demeyer I, Rossi G, De Raedt R. The relationship between attentional processing of emotional information and personality: A comparison between older and younger adults. PLOS ONE. San francisco: Public Library Science; 2019;14(5).
MLA
Steenhaut, Priska et al. “The Relationship Between Attentional Processing of Emotional Information and Personality: A Comparison Between Older and Younger Adults.” PLOS ONE 14.5 (2019): n. pag. Print.
@article{8623466,
  abstract     = {Older adults have been found to focus more on positive and less on negative information compared to younger adults. Yet, results on this attentional positivity effect are inconsistent. Since personality has been related to attentional processing in younger adults, we explored whether (mal) adaptive personality traits are also linked to the occurrence of the positivity effect measured with eye tracking paradigms. We performed two studies with different experimental tasks and recruited for each study 60 community dwelling younger (aged 2450) and 60 older (age 65-91) adults. We found some indication for a positivity effect with a free-viewing task (study 2), but not with a task measuring engagement and disengagement with emotional information (study 1). Although this effect should be interpreted with caution, it corroborates evidence that the positivity effect is more robust in situations without cognitive constraints. No evidence was found for personality traits to be related to the occurrence of the effect. Further research is needed to further clarify conditions that influence older adults' attention for emotional information.},
  articleno    = {e0217382},
  author       = {Steenhaut, Priska and Demeyer, Ineke and Rossi, Gina and De Raedt, Rudi},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  journal      = {PLOS ONE},
  keywords     = {MINI-MENTAL-STATE,AGE-DIFFERENCES,GAZE,TEMPERAMENT,VALIDATION,DEPRESSION,VALENCE,TRAITS,BIAS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {19},
  publisher    = {Public Library Science},
  title        = {The relationship between attentional processing of emotional information and personality: A comparison between older and younger adults},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217382},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2019},
}

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