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Optimizing production efficiencies of hot water units using building energy simulations : trade-off between Legionella pneumophila contamination risk and energy efficiency

Elisa Van Kenhove (UGent) , Lien De Backer (UGent) and Jelle Laverge (UGent)
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Abstract
The energy needed for domestic hot water represents an important share in the total energy use of well-insulated and airtight buildings. One of the main reasons for this high energy demand is that hot water is produced at temperatures above 60°C to mitigate the risk of contaminating the hot water system with Legionella pneumophila. However, this elevated temperature is not necessary for most domestic hot water applications, and has a negative effect on the efficiency of hot water production units. A simulation model has been developed which proposes an alternative to this constant 60°C by predicting the Legionella pneumophila concentration dynamically throughout the hot water system. Based on this knowledge, a hot water controller is added to the simulation model that sets a lower hot water comfort temperature in combination with heat shocks. In this paper, the simulation model is used to estimate the energy saving potential in a case study building, at the level of the heat production system by reaching higher production efficiencies. Three different production units, namely an electric boiler, heat pump and solar collector have been investigated. The controller is expected to become an alternative for the current, energy intensive, high temperature tap water heating systems.

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MLA
Van Kenhove, Elisa, et al. “Optimizing Production Efficiencies of Hot Water Units Using Building Energy Simulations : Trade-off between Legionella Pneumophila Contamination Risk and Energy Efficiency.” CLIMA 2019, Built Environment Facing Climate Change, Proceedings, vol. 111, 2019.
APA
Van Kenhove, E., De Backer, L., & Laverge, J. (2019). Optimizing production efficiencies of hot water units using building energy simulations : trade-off between Legionella pneumophila contamination risk and energy efficiency. In CLIMA 2019, Built environment facing climate change, Proceedings (Vol. 111). Bucharest, Romania.
Chicago author-date
Van Kenhove, Elisa, Lien De Backer, and Jelle Laverge. 2019. “Optimizing Production Efficiencies of Hot Water Units Using Building Energy Simulations : Trade-off between Legionella Pneumophila Contamination Risk and Energy Efficiency.” In CLIMA 2019, Built Environment Facing Climate Change, Proceedings. Vol. 111.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Kenhove, Elisa, Lien De Backer, and Jelle Laverge. 2019. “Optimizing Production Efficiencies of Hot Water Units Using Building Energy Simulations : Trade-off between Legionella Pneumophila Contamination Risk and Energy Efficiency.” In CLIMA 2019, Built Environment Facing Climate Change, Proceedings. Vol. 111.
Vancouver
1.
Van Kenhove E, De Backer L, Laverge J. Optimizing production efficiencies of hot water units using building energy simulations : trade-off between Legionella pneumophila contamination risk and energy efficiency. In: CLIMA 2019, Built environment facing climate change, Proceedings. 2019.
IEEE
[1]
E. Van Kenhove, L. De Backer, and J. Laverge, “Optimizing production efficiencies of hot water units using building energy simulations : trade-off between Legionella pneumophila contamination risk and energy efficiency,” in CLIMA 2019, Built environment facing climate change, Proceedings, Bucharest, Romania, 2019, vol. 111.
@inproceedings{8621556,
  abstract     = {The energy needed for domestic hot water represents an important share in the total energy use of well-insulated and airtight buildings. One of the main reasons for this high energy demand is that hot water is produced at temperatures above 60°C to mitigate the risk of contaminating the hot water system with Legionella pneumophila. However, this elevated temperature is not necessary for most domestic hot water applications, and has a negative effect on the efficiency of hot water production units. A simulation model has been developed which proposes an alternative to this constant 60°C by predicting the Legionella pneumophila concentration dynamically throughout the hot water system. Based on this knowledge, a hot water controller is added to the simulation model that sets a lower hot water comfort temperature in combination with heat shocks. In this paper, the simulation model is used to estimate the energy saving potential in a case study building, at the level of the heat production system by reaching higher production efficiencies. Three different production units, namely an electric boiler, heat pump and solar collector have been investigated. The controller is expected to become an alternative for the current, energy intensive, high temperature tap water heating systems.},
  articleno    = {04053},
  author       = {Van Kenhove, Elisa and De Backer, Lien and Laverge, Jelle},
  booktitle    = {CLIMA 2019, Built environment facing climate change, Proceedings},
  issn         = {2267-1242},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Bucharest, Romania},
  pages        = {8},
  title        = {Optimizing production efficiencies of hot water units using building energy simulations : trade-off between Legionella pneumophila contamination risk and energy efficiency},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/201911104053},
  volume       = {111},
  year         = {2019},
}

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