Advanced search
1 file | 1.81 MB Add to list

Parameter study of superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) for use in durable concrete structures

(2019) MATERIALS. 12(9).
Author
Organization
Abstract
Superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) can be added to a concrete mixture to provide internal curing and reduce the risk for early-age shrinkage cracking. Hence, they can help to increase the overall durability of concrete structures. The type, swelling characteristics, kinetics of water release, amount and particle size of the SAPs will dictate their effectiveness for this purpose. In this paper, SAPs with different cross-linking degrees, particle sizes and amount of solubles are investigated. By varying these parameters, insight can be gained on the influence of each of these parameters on SAP properties such as the swelling capacity. In a next step, the SAPs can be implemented in mortar to assess their influence on mortar properties like workability, compressive strength or hydration kinetics. Based on these results, the ideal' SAP with tunable properties for a specific concrete application can be selected. For this purpose, an anionic SAP was synthesized with varying amounts of cross-linker and ground to particle sizes with d(50) varying between 10 and 100 mu m. The swelling capacity in demineralised water of 40 mu m SAP particles increased with a decreasing degree of cross-linker from 66 g/g SAP with 1 mol% cross-linker to 270 g/g SAP in case of 0.15 mol% cross-linker, and was about three to four times larger than the swelling capacity in the prepared cement filtrate. The SAPs were tested for their effect on mortar workability, cement hydration kinetics and mechanical properties of the hardened mortar. With proper compensation for the absorbed water by the SAPs, the mortar workability was not negatively affected and the reduction in flow over the first two hours remained limited. The SAPs with the lowest swelling capacity, resulting in the smallest total amount of macro pores formed, showed the smallest negative effect on mortar compressive strength (a reduction of 23% compared to the reference after 28 days for an addition of 0.5 m% SAP) and a negligible effect on cement hydration. The difference in strength with the reference decreased as a function of mortar age. When using SAPs with particle sizes in the range of 10-100 mu m, no significant differences between the studied particle sizes were found concerning the mortar properties. With the ease of upscaling in mind, the need to purify the SAPs and to remove the non-cross-linked soluble fraction was further investigated. It was shown that the solubles had no effect on the mortar properties, except for increasing the setting time with almost 100%.
Keywords
CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS, AUTOGENOUS SHRINKAGE, WATER, BEHAVIOR, superabsorbent polymers (SAPs), mortar properties, particle size, cross-linker, solubles

Downloads

  • materials-12-01541.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 1.81 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
De Meyst, Laurence, et al. “Parameter Study of Superabsorbent Polymers (SAPs) for Use in Durable Concrete Structures.” MATERIALS, vol. 12, no. 9, 2019, doi:10.3390/ma12091541.
APA
De Meyst, L., Mannekens, E., Pereira Gomes de Araújo, M. A., Snoeck, D., Van Tittelboom, K., Van Vlierberghe, S., & De Belie, N. (2019). Parameter study of superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) for use in durable concrete structures. MATERIALS, 12(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12091541
Chicago author-date
De Meyst, Laurence, Els Mannekens, Maria Adelaide Pereira Gomes de Araújo, Didier Snoeck, Kim Van Tittelboom, Sandra Van Vlierberghe, and Nele De Belie. 2019. “Parameter Study of Superabsorbent Polymers (SAPs) for Use in Durable Concrete Structures.” MATERIALS 12 (9). https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12091541.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Meyst, Laurence, Els Mannekens, Maria Adelaide Pereira Gomes de Araújo, Didier Snoeck, Kim Van Tittelboom, Sandra Van Vlierberghe, and Nele De Belie. 2019. “Parameter Study of Superabsorbent Polymers (SAPs) for Use in Durable Concrete Structures.” MATERIALS 12 (9). doi:10.3390/ma12091541.
Vancouver
1.
De Meyst L, Mannekens E, Pereira Gomes de Araújo MA, Snoeck D, Van Tittelboom K, Van Vlierberghe S, et al. Parameter study of superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) for use in durable concrete structures. MATERIALS. 2019;12(9).
IEEE
[1]
L. De Meyst et al., “Parameter study of superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) for use in durable concrete structures,” MATERIALS, vol. 12, no. 9, 2019.
@article{8621212,
  abstract     = {Superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) can be added to a concrete mixture to provide internal curing and reduce the risk for early-age shrinkage cracking. Hence, they can help to increase the overall durability of concrete structures. The type, swelling characteristics, kinetics of water release, amount and particle size of the SAPs will dictate their effectiveness for this purpose. In this paper, SAPs with different cross-linking degrees, particle sizes and amount of solubles are investigated. By varying these parameters, insight can be gained on the influence of each of these parameters on SAP properties such as the swelling capacity. In a next step, the SAPs can be implemented in mortar to assess their influence on mortar properties like workability, compressive strength or hydration kinetics. Based on these results, the ideal' SAP with tunable properties for a specific concrete application can be selected. For this purpose, an anionic SAP was synthesized with varying amounts of cross-linker and ground to particle sizes with d(50) varying between 10 and 100 mu m. The swelling capacity in demineralised water of 40 mu m SAP particles increased with a decreasing degree of cross-linker from 66 g/g SAP with 1 mol% cross-linker to 270 g/g SAP in case of 0.15 mol% cross-linker, and was about three to four times larger than the swelling capacity in the prepared cement filtrate. The SAPs were tested for their effect on mortar workability, cement hydration kinetics and mechanical properties of the hardened mortar. With proper compensation for the absorbed water by the SAPs, the mortar workability was not negatively affected and the reduction in flow over the first two hours remained limited. The SAPs with the lowest swelling capacity, resulting in the smallest total amount of macro pores formed, showed the smallest negative effect on mortar compressive strength (a reduction of 23% compared to the reference after 28 days for an addition of 0.5 m% SAP) and a negligible effect on cement hydration. The difference in strength with the reference decreased as a function of mortar age. When using SAPs with particle sizes in the range of 10-100 mu m, no significant differences between the studied particle sizes were found concerning the mortar properties. With the ease of upscaling in mind, the need to purify the SAPs and to remove the non-cross-linked soluble fraction was further investigated. It was shown that the solubles had no effect on the mortar properties, except for increasing the setting time with almost 100%.},
  articleno    = {1541},
  author       = {De Meyst, Laurence and Mannekens, Els and Pereira Gomes de Araújo, Maria Adelaide and Snoeck, Didier and Van Tittelboom, Kim and Van Vlierberghe, Sandra and De Belie, Nele},
  issn         = {1996-1944},
  journal      = {MATERIALS},
  keywords     = {CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS,AUTOGENOUS SHRINKAGE,WATER,BEHAVIOR,superabsorbent polymers (SAPs),mortar properties,particle size,cross-linker,solubles},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {15},
  title        = {Parameter study of superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) for use in durable concrete structures},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma12091541},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2019},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: