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The influence of oral health status on speech intelligibility, articulation and quality of life of older community-dwelling people

(2019) GERODONTOLOGY. 36(4). p.352-357
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Abstract
Objective: To investigate the impact of the oral health status on speech intelligibility, articulation and quality of life of older community-dwelling people. Background To our knowledge, there have been no studies on this topic in patients aged 75 years or older. Material and methods: Thirty outpatients of a university dental clinic (median [IQR] age of 77.00 [75-82] years) participated. The OHIP-14, a dental examination, a speech intelligibility study and an articulation examination were conducted. Results: Distortions of rhotacisms and sigmatisms were most common, followed by distortions of labiodentals and apicoalveolars. Seven participants (23%) required dental treatment. Distortions of rhotacisms were lowest in participants with loss of teeth in the posterior part of the maxilla and equal in participants with edentulous maxilla and loss of teeth in the anterior part of the maxilla (P = 0.014). Labiodental distortions were lowest in participants with loss of teeth in the posterior part of the maxilla, but were higher in participants with loss of teeth in the anterior part of the maxilla and highest in participants with an edentulous maxilla (P = 0.035). People with normal mouth opening had lower percentage of labiodental distortions than people with a reduced mouth opening (P = 0.05). The proportion of participants with inadequate denture hygiene and distortions of bilabials was 71.4% compared to 10.5% for participants with adequate denture hygiene (P = 0.005). Conclusion: Dentists must consider the impact of a denture on speech, but also should be aware of other oral health factors that influence the speech and quality of life of elders.
Keywords
articulation, elders, oral health, speech intelligibility, FIXED IMPLANT PROSTHETICS, HOME

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MLA
Langlois, Evelien, et al. “The Influence of Oral Health Status on Speech Intelligibility, Articulation and Quality of Life of Older Community-Dwelling People.” GERODONTOLOGY, vol. 36, no. 4, 2019, pp. 352–57.
APA
Langlois, E., Desaeyer, H., Petrovic, M., Van Lierde, K., & De Visschere, L. (2019). The influence of oral health status on speech intelligibility, articulation and quality of life of older community-dwelling people. GERODONTOLOGY, 36(4), 352–357.
Chicago author-date
Langlois, Evelien, Hannah Desaeyer, Mirko Petrovic, Kristiane Van Lierde, and Luc De Visschere. 2019. “The Influence of Oral Health Status on Speech Intelligibility, Articulation and Quality of Life of Older Community-Dwelling People.” GERODONTOLOGY 36 (4): 352–57.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Langlois, Evelien, Hannah Desaeyer, Mirko Petrovic, Kristiane Van Lierde, and Luc De Visschere. 2019. “The Influence of Oral Health Status on Speech Intelligibility, Articulation and Quality of Life of Older Community-Dwelling People.” GERODONTOLOGY 36 (4): 352–357.
Vancouver
1.
Langlois E, Desaeyer H, Petrovic M, Van Lierde K, De Visschere L. The influence of oral health status on speech intelligibility, articulation and quality of life of older community-dwelling people. GERODONTOLOGY. 2019;36(4):352–7.
IEEE
[1]
E. Langlois, H. Desaeyer, M. Petrovic, K. Van Lierde, and L. De Visschere, “The influence of oral health status on speech intelligibility, articulation and quality of life of older community-dwelling people,” GERODONTOLOGY, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 352–357, 2019.
@article{8620068,
  abstract     = {Objective: To investigate the impact of the oral health status on speech intelligibility, articulation and quality of life of older community-dwelling people. Background To our knowledge, there have been no studies on this topic in patients aged 75 years or older.
Material and methods: Thirty outpatients of a university dental clinic (median [IQR] age of 77.00 [75-82] years) participated. The OHIP-14, a dental examination, a speech intelligibility study and an articulation examination were conducted.
Results: Distortions of rhotacisms and sigmatisms were most common, followed by distortions of labiodentals and apicoalveolars. Seven participants (23%) required dental treatment. Distortions of rhotacisms were lowest in participants with loss of teeth in the posterior part of the maxilla and equal in participants with edentulous maxilla and loss of teeth in the anterior part of the maxilla (P = 0.014). Labiodental distortions were lowest in participants with loss of teeth in the posterior part of the maxilla, but were higher in participants with loss of teeth in the anterior part of the maxilla and highest in participants with an edentulous maxilla (P = 0.035). People with normal mouth opening had lower percentage of labiodental distortions than people with a reduced mouth opening (P = 0.05). The proportion of participants with inadequate denture hygiene and distortions of bilabials was 71.4% compared to 10.5% for participants with adequate denture hygiene (P = 0.005).
Conclusion: Dentists must consider the impact of a denture on speech, but also should be aware of other oral health factors that influence the speech and quality of life of elders.},
  author       = {Langlois, Evelien and Desaeyer, Hannah and Petrovic, Mirko and Van Lierde, Kristiane and De Visschere, Luc},
  issn         = {0734-0664},
  journal      = {GERODONTOLOGY},
  keywords     = {articulation,elders,oral health,speech intelligibility,FIXED IMPLANT PROSTHETICS,HOME},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {352--357},
  title        = {The influence of oral health status on speech intelligibility, articulation and quality of life of older community-dwelling people},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ger.12420},
  volume       = {36},
  year         = {2019},
}

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