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Who uses action planning in a web-based computer-tailored intervention to reduce workplace sitting and what do action plans look like? : analyses of the start to stand intervention among Flemish employees

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Abstract
Background: Action planning plays an important role in many web-based behaviour change interventions. As such, it is important to identify who engages in action planning and what action plans look like. This study examines (1) attributes of users creating an action plan and (2) the content of action plans made during a web-based intervention to reduce workplace sitting. Methods: Users answered "what" (short standing breaks and/or longer periods of standing), "when" (working hours, work breaks, commuting), "where" (workplace, transport mode), and "how" (frequency, duration, implementation intentions) questions. MANOVA and chi-squared tests were conducted to compare those creating an action plan with those who did not. Descriptive statistics were used to examine the content of the action plans. Results: Those creating an action plan (n = 236/1,701) were significantly older, more sedentary at work, and more aware of health risks related to excessive sitting compared to those not planning (n = 1,465). The majority planned standing breaks (n = 212) every 30 minutes, and periods of standing (n = 173) for 1 to 2 hours. Conclusions: Future interventions should promote action planning more, especially among younger employees and those with less health-related knowledge about sitting. Action plans were compatible with current sitting messages used in health promotion.
Keywords
eHealth, self-regulation, implementation intention, sedentary behaviour, online program, Internet, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, IMPLEMENTATION INTENTIONS, SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR, HEALTH, POPULATION, CONSUMPTION, CONSENSUS, OFFICE

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MLA
De Cocker, Katrien, et al. “Who Uses Action Planning in a Web-Based Computer-Tailored Intervention to Reduce Workplace Sitting and What Do Action Plans Look like? : Analyses of the Start to Stand Intervention among Flemish Employees.” APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY-HEALTH AND WELL BEING, vol. 11, no. 3, 2019, pp. 543–61.
APA
De Cocker, K., Cardon, G., Vergeer, I., Radtke, T., & Vandelanotte, C. (2019). Who uses action planning in a web-based computer-tailored intervention to reduce workplace sitting and what do action plans look like? : analyses of the start to stand intervention among Flemish employees. APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY-HEALTH AND WELL BEING, 11(3), 543–561.
Chicago author-date
De Cocker, Katrien, Greet Cardon, Ineke Vergeer, Theda Radtke, and Corneel Vandelanotte. 2019. “Who Uses Action Planning in a Web-Based Computer-Tailored Intervention to Reduce Workplace Sitting and What Do Action Plans Look like? : Analyses of the Start to Stand Intervention among Flemish Employees.” APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY-HEALTH AND WELL BEING 11 (3): 543–61.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Cocker, Katrien, Greet Cardon, Ineke Vergeer, Theda Radtke, and Corneel Vandelanotte. 2019. “Who Uses Action Planning in a Web-Based Computer-Tailored Intervention to Reduce Workplace Sitting and What Do Action Plans Look like? : Analyses of the Start to Stand Intervention among Flemish Employees.” APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY-HEALTH AND WELL BEING 11 (3): 543–561.
Vancouver
1.
De Cocker K, Cardon G, Vergeer I, Radtke T, Vandelanotte C. Who uses action planning in a web-based computer-tailored intervention to reduce workplace sitting and what do action plans look like? : analyses of the start to stand intervention among Flemish employees. APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY-HEALTH AND WELL BEING. 2019;11(3):543–61.
IEEE
[1]
K. De Cocker, G. Cardon, I. Vergeer, T. Radtke, and C. Vandelanotte, “Who uses action planning in a web-based computer-tailored intervention to reduce workplace sitting and what do action plans look like? : analyses of the start to stand intervention among Flemish employees,” APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY-HEALTH AND WELL BEING, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 543–561, 2019.
@article{8619963,
  abstract     = {Background: Action planning plays an important role in many web-based behaviour change interventions. As such, it is important to identify who engages in action planning and what action plans look like. This study examines (1) attributes of users creating an action plan and (2) the content of action plans made during a web-based intervention to reduce workplace sitting.
Methods: Users answered "what" (short standing breaks and/or longer periods of standing), "when" (working hours, work breaks, commuting), "where" (workplace, transport mode), and "how" (frequency, duration, implementation intentions) questions. MANOVA and chi-squared tests were conducted to compare those creating an action plan with those who did not. Descriptive statistics were used to examine the content of the action plans.
Results: Those creating an action plan (n = 236/1,701) were significantly older, more sedentary at work, and more aware of health risks related to excessive sitting compared to those not planning (n = 1,465). The majority planned standing breaks (n = 212) every 30 minutes, and periods of standing (n = 173) for 1 to 2 hours.
Conclusions: Future interventions should promote action planning more, especially among younger employees and those with less health-related knowledge about sitting. Action plans were compatible with current sitting messages used in health promotion.},
  author       = {De Cocker, Katrien and Cardon, Greet and Vergeer, Ineke and Radtke, Theda and Vandelanotte, Corneel},
  issn         = {1758-0846},
  journal      = {APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY-HEALTH AND WELL BEING},
  keywords     = {eHealth,self-regulation,implementation intention,sedentary behaviour,online program,Internet,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,IMPLEMENTATION INTENTIONS,SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR,HEALTH,POPULATION,CONSUMPTION,CONSENSUS,OFFICE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {543--561},
  title        = {Who uses action planning in a web-based computer-tailored intervention to reduce workplace sitting and what do action plans look like? : analyses of the start to stand intervention among Flemish employees},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12167},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2019},
}

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