Advanced search
1 file | 3.06 MB Add to list

Direct electrochemical extraction increases microbial succinic acid production from spent sulphite liquor

(2019) GREEN CHEMISTRY. 21(9). p.2401-2411
Author
Organization
Abstract
The fermentative production of succinic acid leads to increasing toxicity over time, and requires base addition to counteract acidification. Here we integrated a fed-batch Basfia succiniciproducens succinic acid fermentation with membrane electrolysis. This approach brings the broth in direct contact with an OH- and H-2 producing cathode, and enables in situ extraction of succinate towards the low volume H+ and O-2 producing anode compartment. In the latter, the succinate is acidified to succinic acid and precipitated. The key advantage of the cathodic process is the production of base maintaining fermentation pH with limited external base addition. The bacterial cells are recycled through the cathode compartment of the electrochemical cell, and exposed to H-2, creating biological reducing power. Fermentations were executed with glucose, xylose and ultrafiltered spent sulphite liquor (SSL), the side stream generated via acidic sulphite pulping of Eucalyptus globulus wood. The membrane was not permeable to cells, color and solids, which resulted in combined succinate extraction, clarification, acidification and concentration in a single unit operation. The succinic acid to by-product ratio increased, favoring the production of succinic acid over lactic, formic and acetic acids, with up to 15% higher total sugars to succinic acid conversion yield. The OH-production due to water reduction resulted in lower NaOH usage (up to 33% less) for maintaining the pH during fermentation. The maximum productivity also increased by 30% to a rate of 0.41 g L-1 h(-1) with the electrochemical system, with 1.65 kW h per kg succinic acid extracted in the case of SSL and 2.4 and 1.9 kW h per kg succinic acid extracted in the case of glucose and xylose, respectively. Considering the aforementioned advantages, this integrated system could evolve into a breakthrough technology in sustainable industrial succinic acid production from crude industrial side streams.
Keywords
REDUCED NEUTRAL RED, ACTINOBACILLUS-SUCCINOGENES, PH CONTROL, FERMENTATION, VALORIZATION, REDUCTION, CHEMICALS, GLUCOSE

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 3.06 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Pateraki, Chrysanthi et al. “Direct Electrochemical Extraction Increases Microbial Succinic Acid Production from Spent Sulphite Liquor.” GREEN CHEMISTRY 21.9 (2019): 2401–2411. Print.
APA
Pateraki, C., Andersen, S., Ladakis, D., Koutinas, A., & Rabaey, K. (2019). Direct electrochemical extraction increases microbial succinic acid production from spent sulphite liquor. GREEN CHEMISTRY, 21(9), 2401–2411.
Chicago author-date
Pateraki, Chrysanthi, Stephen Andersen, Dimitrios Ladakis, Apostolis Koutinas, and Korneel Rabaey. 2019. “Direct Electrochemical Extraction Increases Microbial Succinic Acid Production from Spent Sulphite Liquor.” Green Chemistry 21 (9): 2401–2411.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Pateraki, Chrysanthi, Stephen Andersen, Dimitrios Ladakis, Apostolis Koutinas, and Korneel Rabaey. 2019. “Direct Electrochemical Extraction Increases Microbial Succinic Acid Production from Spent Sulphite Liquor.” Green Chemistry 21 (9): 2401–2411.
Vancouver
1.
Pateraki C, Andersen S, Ladakis D, Koutinas A, Rabaey K. Direct electrochemical extraction increases microbial succinic acid production from spent sulphite liquor. GREEN CHEMISTRY. 2019;21(9):2401–11.
IEEE
[1]
C. Pateraki, S. Andersen, D. Ladakis, A. Koutinas, and K. Rabaey, “Direct electrochemical extraction increases microbial succinic acid production from spent sulphite liquor,” GREEN CHEMISTRY, vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 2401–2411, 2019.
@article{8619626,
  abstract     = {The fermentative production of succinic acid leads to increasing toxicity over time, and requires base addition to counteract acidification. Here we integrated a fed-batch Basfia succiniciproducens succinic acid fermentation with membrane electrolysis. This approach brings the broth in direct contact with an OH- and H-2 producing cathode, and enables in situ extraction of succinate towards the low volume H+ and O-2 producing anode compartment. In the latter, the succinate is acidified to succinic acid and precipitated. The key advantage of the cathodic process is the production of base maintaining fermentation pH with limited external base addition. The bacterial cells are recycled through the cathode compartment of the electrochemical cell, and exposed to H-2, creating biological reducing power. Fermentations were executed with glucose, xylose and ultrafiltered spent sulphite liquor (SSL), the side stream generated via acidic sulphite pulping of Eucalyptus globulus wood. The membrane was not permeable to cells, color and solids, which resulted in combined succinate extraction, clarification, acidification and concentration in a single unit operation. The succinic acid to by-product ratio increased, favoring the production of succinic acid over lactic, formic and acetic acids, with up to 15% higher total sugars to succinic acid conversion yield. The OH-production due to water reduction resulted in lower NaOH usage (up to 33% less) for maintaining the pH during fermentation. The maximum productivity also increased by 30% to a rate of 0.41 g L-1 h(-1) with the electrochemical system, with 1.65 kW h per kg succinic acid extracted in the case of SSL and 2.4 and 1.9 kW h per kg succinic acid extracted in the case of glucose and xylose, respectively. Considering the aforementioned advantages, this integrated system could evolve into a breakthrough technology in sustainable industrial succinic acid production from crude industrial side streams.},
  author       = {Pateraki, Chrysanthi and Andersen, Stephen and Ladakis, Dimitrios and Koutinas, Apostolis and Rabaey, Korneel},
  issn         = {1463-9262},
  journal      = {GREEN CHEMISTRY},
  keywords     = {REDUCED NEUTRAL RED,ACTINOBACILLUS-SUCCINOGENES,PH CONTROL,FERMENTATION,VALORIZATION,REDUCTION,CHEMICALS,GLUCOSE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {2401--2411},
  title        = {Direct electrochemical extraction increases microbial succinic acid production from spent sulphite liquor},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9gc00361d},
  volume       = {21},
  year         = {2019},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: