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Amphibian fungal panzootic causes catastrophic and ongoing loss of biodiversity

(2019) SCIENCE. 363(6434). p.1459-1463
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Abstract
Anthropogenic trade and development have broken down dispersal barriers, facilitating the spread of diseases that threaten Earth's biodiversity. We present a global, quantitative assessment of the amphibian chytridiomycosis panzootic, one of the most impactful examples of disease spread, and demonstrate its role in the decline of at least 501 amphibian species over the past half-century, including 90 presumed extinctions. The effects of chytridiomycosis have been greatest in large-bodied, range-restricted anurans in wet climates in the Americas and Australia. Declines peaked in the 1980s, and only 12% of declined species show signs of recovery, whereas 39% are experiencing ongoing decline. There is risk of further chytridiomycosis outbreaks in new areas. The chytridiomycosis panzootic represents the greatest recorded loss of biodiversity attributable to a disease.
Keywords
BATRACHOCHYTRIUM-DENDROBATIDIS, POPULATION DECLINES, DISEASE, CHYTRIDIOMYCOSIS, EXTINCTION, PATHOGEN, TRAITS, INFECTION, ABUNDANCE, HISTORY

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Citation

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MLA
Scheele, Ben C et al. “Amphibian Fungal Panzootic Causes Catastrophic and Ongoing Loss of Biodiversity.” SCIENCE 363.6434 (2019): 1459–1463. Print.
APA
Scheele, B. C., Pasmans, F., Skerratt, L. F., Berger, L., Martel, A., Beukema, W., Acevedo, A. A., et al. (2019). Amphibian fungal panzootic causes catastrophic and ongoing loss of biodiversity. SCIENCE, 363(6434), 1459–1463.
Chicago author-date
Scheele, Ben C, Frank Pasmans, Lee F Skerratt, Lee Berger, An Martel, Wouter Beukema, Aldemar A Acevedo, et al. 2019. “Amphibian Fungal Panzootic Causes Catastrophic and Ongoing Loss of Biodiversity.” Science 363 (6434): 1459–1463.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Scheele, Ben C, Frank Pasmans, Lee F Skerratt, Lee Berger, An Martel, Wouter Beukema, Aldemar A Acevedo, Patricia A Burrowes, Tamilie Carvalho, Alessandro Catenazzi, Ignacio De la Riva, Matthew C Fisher, Sandra V Flechas, Claire N Foster, Patricia Frías-Álvarez, Trenton WJ Garner, Brian Gratwicke, Juan M Guayasamin, Mareike Hirschfeld, Jonathan E Kolby, Tiffany A Kosch, Enrique La Marca, David B Lindenmayer, Karen R Lips, Ana V Longo, Raúl Maneyro, Cait A McDonald, Joseph Mendelson, Pablo Palacios-Rodriguez, Gabriela Parra-Olea, Corinne L Richards-Zawacki, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Sean M Rovito, Claudio Soto-Azat, Luís Felipe Toledo, Jamie Voyles, Ché Weldon, Steven M Whitfield, Mark Wilkinson, Kelly R Zamudio, and Stefano Canessa. 2019. “Amphibian Fungal Panzootic Causes Catastrophic and Ongoing Loss of Biodiversity.” Science 363 (6434): 1459–1463.
Vancouver
1.
Scheele BC, Pasmans F, Skerratt LF, Berger L, Martel A, Beukema W, et al. Amphibian fungal panzootic causes catastrophic and ongoing loss of biodiversity. SCIENCE. 2019;363(6434):1459–63.
IEEE
[1]
B. C. Scheele et al., “Amphibian fungal panzootic causes catastrophic and ongoing loss of biodiversity,” SCIENCE, vol. 363, no. 6434, pp. 1459–1463, 2019.
@article{8619242,
  abstract     = {Anthropogenic trade and development have broken down dispersal barriers, facilitating the spread of diseases that threaten Earth's biodiversity. We present a global, quantitative assessment of the amphibian chytridiomycosis panzootic, one of the most impactful examples of disease spread, and demonstrate its role in the decline of at least 501 amphibian species over the past half-century, including 90 presumed extinctions. The effects of chytridiomycosis have been greatest in large-bodied, range-restricted anurans in wet climates in the Americas and Australia. Declines peaked in the 1980s, and only 12% of declined species show signs of recovery, whereas 39% are experiencing ongoing decline. There is risk of further chytridiomycosis outbreaks in new areas. The chytridiomycosis panzootic represents the greatest recorded loss of biodiversity attributable to a disease.},
  author       = {Scheele, Ben C and Pasmans, Frank and Skerratt, Lee F and Berger, Lee and Martel, An and Beukema, Wouter and Acevedo, Aldemar A and Burrowes, Patricia A and Carvalho, Tamilie and Catenazzi, Alessandro and De la Riva, Ignacio and Fisher, Matthew C and Flechas, Sandra V and Foster, Claire N and Frías-Álvarez, Patricia and Garner, Trenton WJ and Gratwicke, Brian and Guayasamin, Juan M and Hirschfeld, Mareike and Kolby, Jonathan E and Kosch, Tiffany A and La Marca, Enrique and Lindenmayer, David B and Lips, Karen R and Longo, Ana V and Maneyro, Raúl and McDonald, Cait A and Mendelson, Joseph and Palacios-Rodriguez, Pablo and Parra-Olea, Gabriela and Richards-Zawacki, Corinne L and Rödel, Mark-Oliver and Rovito, Sean M and Soto-Azat, Claudio and Toledo, Luís Felipe and Voyles, Jamie and Weldon, Ché and Whitfield, Steven M and Wilkinson, Mark and Zamudio, Kelly R and Canessa, Stefano},
  issn         = {0036-8075},
  journal      = {SCIENCE},
  keywords     = {BATRACHOCHYTRIUM-DENDROBATIDIS,POPULATION DECLINES,DISEASE,CHYTRIDIOMYCOSIS,EXTINCTION,PATHOGEN,TRAITS,INFECTION,ABUNDANCE,HISTORY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6434},
  pages        = {1459--1463},
  title        = {Amphibian fungal panzootic causes catastrophic and ongoing loss of biodiversity},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aav0379},
  volume       = {363},
  year         = {2019},
}

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