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A cross-sectional pilot study of student's proactive behavior in midwifery education : validation of a developed questionnaire

(2018) NURSE EDUCATION TODAY. 62. p.22-29
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Abstract
Objectives: Midwifery students face major challenges in adapting quickly and effectively to different clinical settings. Proactive behavior, triggered by various individual and/or contextual antecedents, could be a significant added value to cope with these challenges. Design: A cross-sectional pilot study was conducted to investigate prognostic factors in proactive behavior in a group of midwifery students. Settings: The setting was a Belgian University College for midwifery education. Participants: All second and third year midwifery students (n = 156). Methods: Students were questioned regarding several prognostic factors: four personal characteristics, seven individual antecedents and three contextual antecedents that might trigger proactive behavior. A proportional odds logistic regression analyses was used to describe the association between prognostic factors and the probability to observe proactive behavior within the group. The strength of the newly developed questionnaire was tested. Results: Of all tested prognostic factors, nationality, role breadth self-efficacy, referring to the self-confidence of a midwifery-student to perform tasks that exceed expectations, and control appraisal, describing the importance attached to ones perceived control, were significantly associated with proactive behavior. The overall strength of the questionnaire was ratified. Two of the original questions were deleted, two re-formulated and for one prognostic factor the answer-options were re-formulated. Conclusions: Findings from this pilot study show that midwifery students who have a high role breadth self efficacy and low control appraisal are more likely to show proactive behavior. Additionally, Dutch students are more likely to show proactive behavior in relation to Belgian students. The questionnaires feasibility was examined and adjustments were made for future research in a larger study to confirm these outcomes. This study can be a support in the individual guidance of midwifery students towards proactive behavior in midwifery.
Keywords
BREADTH SELF-EFFICACY, AFFECTIVE ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT, WORK, ANTECEDENTS, JOB, PERFORMANCE, ORIENTATION, PERSONALITY, MODEL, TRUST

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Mestdagh, Eveline, Olaf Timmermans, Pieter Colin, and Bart Van Rompaey. 2018. “A Cross-sectional Pilot Study of Student’s Proactive Behavior in Midwifery Education : Validation of a Developed Questionnaire.” Nurse Education Today 62: 22–29.
APA
Mestdagh, Eveline, Timmermans, O., Colin, P., & Van Rompaey, B. (2018). A cross-sectional pilot study of student’s proactive behavior in midwifery education : validation of a developed questionnaire. NURSE EDUCATION TODAY, 62, 22–29.
Vancouver
1.
Mestdagh E, Timmermans O, Colin P, Van Rompaey B. A cross-sectional pilot study of student’s proactive behavior in midwifery education : validation of a developed questionnaire. NURSE EDUCATION TODAY. 2018;62:22–9.
MLA
Mestdagh, Eveline et al. “A Cross-sectional Pilot Study of Student’s Proactive Behavior in Midwifery Education : Validation of a Developed Questionnaire.” NURSE EDUCATION TODAY 62 (2018): 22–29. Print.
@article{8618443,
  abstract     = {Objectives: Midwifery students face major challenges in adapting quickly and effectively to different clinical settings. Proactive behavior, triggered by various individual and/or contextual antecedents, could be a significant added value to cope with these challenges. 
Design: A cross-sectional pilot study was conducted to investigate prognostic factors in proactive behavior in a group of midwifery students. 
Settings: The setting was a Belgian University College for midwifery education. 
Participants: All second and third year midwifery students (n = 156). 
Methods: Students were questioned regarding several prognostic factors: four personal characteristics, seven individual antecedents and three contextual antecedents that might trigger proactive behavior. A proportional odds logistic regression analyses was used to describe the association between prognostic factors and the probability to observe proactive behavior within the group. The strength of the newly developed questionnaire was tested. 
Results: Of all tested prognostic factors, nationality, role breadth self-efficacy, referring to the self-confidence of a midwifery-student to perform tasks that exceed expectations, and control appraisal, describing the importance attached to ones perceived control, were significantly associated with proactive behavior. The overall strength of the questionnaire was ratified. Two of the original questions were deleted, two re-formulated and for one prognostic factor the answer-options were re-formulated. 
Conclusions: Findings from this pilot study show that midwifery students who have a high role breadth self efficacy and low control appraisal are more likely to show proactive behavior. Additionally, Dutch students are more likely to show proactive behavior in relation to Belgian students. The questionnaires feasibility was examined and adjustments were made for future research in a larger study to confirm these outcomes. This study can be a support in the individual guidance of midwifery students towards proactive behavior in midwifery.},
  author       = {Mestdagh, Eveline and Timmermans, Olaf and Colin, Pieter and Van Rompaey, Bart},
  issn         = {0260-6917},
  journal      = {NURSE EDUCATION TODAY},
  keywords     = {BREADTH SELF-EFFICACY,AFFECTIVE ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT,WORK,ANTECEDENTS,JOB,PERFORMANCE,ORIENTATION,PERSONALITY,MODEL,TRUST},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {22--29},
  title        = {A cross-sectional pilot study of student's proactive behavior in midwifery education : validation of a developed questionnaire},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2017.12.006},
  volume       = {62},
  year         = {2018},
}

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