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Training and testing for a transformation of fear and avoidance functions using the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure : the first study

(2018) BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES. 157. p.24-35
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Abstract
Experiment 1 aimed to establish "fearful" and "pleasant" functions for arbitrary stimuli (geometric shapes) by relating those stimuli to pictures of spiders and pets using a training version of the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (TRAP). The transformation of these functions for the arbitrary stimuli was assessed by exposing participants to a 'traditional' version of the TRAP, the Fear-IRAP employed by Leech et al. (2016, 2017). A broadly similar pattern of response biases was recorded for the Fear-IRAP as had been observed in the previously published studies. Experiment 1 thus supported the assumed but untested assumption that the relational context provided by the IRAP may both serve to establish and reveal fear-related response biases in arbitrary stimuli. A second experiment attempted to replicate the effects observed in Experiment 1 but using pictures of `unfamiliar' Australian marsupials as arbitrary stimuli. The pattern of results obtained in Experiment 2 failed to replicate the pattern observed in Experiment 1, or that reported in the previously published studies by Leech et al. Overall, the findings suggest a possibly important boundary condition for the IRAP as a training and/or testing context for establishing fear-related response biases for arbitrary stimuli.
Keywords
ASSESSMENT PROCEDURE IRAP, ELICITING FUNCTIONS, BEHAVIOR, ANXIETY, DEPRESSION, EXTINCTION, ACCORDANCE, Avoidance, Derived, Fear, IRAP, Testing, Training

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Citation

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MLA
Leech, Aileen et al. “Training and Testing for a Transformation of Fear and Avoidance Functions Using the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure : the First Study.” BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES 157 (2018): 24–35. Print.
APA
Leech, A., Bouyrden, J., Bruijsten, N., Barnes-Holmes, P. M. D., & McEnteggart, C. (2018). Training and testing for a transformation of fear and avoidance functions using the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure : the first study. BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES, 157, 24–35.
Chicago author-date
Leech, Aileen, Jaber Bouyrden, Nathalie Bruijsten, Patrick Michael Dermot Barnes-Holmes, and Ciara McEnteggart. 2018. “Training and Testing for a Transformation of Fear and Avoidance Functions Using the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure : the First Study.” Behavioural Processes 157: 24–35.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Leech, Aileen, Jaber Bouyrden, Nathalie Bruijsten, Patrick Michael Dermot Barnes-Holmes, and Ciara McEnteggart. 2018. “Training and Testing for a Transformation of Fear and Avoidance Functions Using the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure : the First Study.” Behavioural Processes 157: 24–35.
Vancouver
1.
Leech A, Bouyrden J, Bruijsten N, Barnes-Holmes PMD, McEnteggart C. Training and testing for a transformation of fear and avoidance functions using the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure : the first study. BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science ; 2018;157:24–35.
IEEE
[1]
A. Leech, J. Bouyrden, N. Bruijsten, P. M. D. Barnes-Holmes, and C. McEnteggart, “Training and testing for a transformation of fear and avoidance functions using the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure : the first study,” BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES, vol. 157, pp. 24–35, 2018.
@article{8618162,
  abstract     = {Experiment 1 aimed to establish "fearful" and "pleasant" functions for arbitrary stimuli (geometric shapes) by relating those stimuli to pictures of spiders and pets using a training version of the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (TRAP). The transformation of these functions for the arbitrary stimuli was assessed by exposing participants to a 'traditional' version of the TRAP, the Fear-IRAP employed by Leech et al. (2016, 2017). A broadly similar pattern of response biases was recorded for the Fear-IRAP as had been observed in the previously published studies. Experiment 1 thus supported the assumed but untested assumption that the relational context provided by the IRAP may both serve to establish and reveal fear-related response biases in arbitrary stimuli. A second experiment attempted to replicate the effects observed in Experiment 1 but using pictures of `unfamiliar' Australian marsupials as arbitrary stimuli. The pattern of results obtained in Experiment 2 failed to replicate the pattern observed in Experiment 1, or that reported in the previously published studies by Leech et al. Overall, the findings suggest a possibly important boundary condition for the IRAP as a training and/or testing context for establishing fear-related response biases for arbitrary stimuli.},
  author       = {Leech, Aileen and Bouyrden, Jaber and Bruijsten, Nathalie and Barnes-Holmes, Patrick Michael Dermot and McEnteggart, Ciara},
  issn         = {0376-6357},
  journal      = {BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES},
  keywords     = {ASSESSMENT PROCEDURE IRAP,ELICITING FUNCTIONS,BEHAVIOR,ANXIETY,DEPRESSION,EXTINCTION,ACCORDANCE,Avoidance,Derived,Fear,IRAP,Testing,Training},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {24--35},
  publisher    = {Elsevier Science },
  title        = {Training and testing for a transformation of fear and avoidance functions using the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure : the first study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2018.08.012},
  volume       = {157},
  year         = {2018},
}

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