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An analysis of the impact of LED tilt on visible light positioning accuracy

David Plets (UGent) , Sander Bastiaens (UGent) , Luc Martens (UGent) and Wout Joseph (UGent)
(2019) ELECTRONICS. 8(4).
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Abstract
Whereas the impact of photodiode noise and reflections is heavily studied in Visible Light Positioning (VLP), an often underestimated deterioration of VLP accuracy is caused by tilt of the Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs). Small LED tilts may be hard to avoid and can have a significant impact on the claimed centimeter-accuracy of VLP systems. This paper presents a Monte-Carlo-based simulation study of the impact of LED tilt on the accuracy of Received Signal Strength (RSS)-based VLP for different localization approaches. Results show that trilateration performs worse than (normalized) Least Squares algorithms, but mainly outside the LED square. Moreover, depending on inter-LED distance and LED height, median tilt-induced errors are in the range between 1 and 6 cm for small LED tilts, with errors scaling linearly with the LED tilt severity. Two methods are proposed to estimate and correct for LED tilts and their performance is compared.
Keywords
VLP, LED tilt, Visible Light Positioning, positioning, localization, algorithm

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Plets, David, Sander Bastiaens, Luc Martens, and Wout Joseph. 2019. “An Analysis of the Impact of LED Tilt on Visible Light Positioning Accuracy.” Electronics 8 (4).
APA
Plets, D., Bastiaens, S., Martens, L., & Joseph, W. (2019). An analysis of the impact of LED tilt on visible light positioning accuracy. ELECTRONICS, 8(4).
Vancouver
1.
Plets D, Bastiaens S, Martens L, Joseph W. An analysis of the impact of LED tilt on visible light positioning accuracy. ELECTRONICS. Basel: Mdpi; 2019;8(4).
MLA
Plets, David et al. “An Analysis of the Impact of LED Tilt on Visible Light Positioning Accuracy.” ELECTRONICS 8.4 (2019): n. pag. Print.
@article{8617297,
  abstract     = {Whereas the impact of photodiode noise and reflections is heavily studied in Visible Light Positioning (VLP), an often underestimated deterioration of VLP accuracy is caused by tilt of the Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs). Small LED tilts may be hard to avoid and can have a significant impact on the claimed centimeter-accuracy of VLP systems. This paper presents a Monte-Carlo-based simulation study of the impact of LED tilt on the accuracy of Received Signal Strength (RSS)-based VLP for different localization approaches. Results show that trilateration performs worse than (normalized) Least Squares algorithms, but mainly outside the LED square. Moreover, depending on inter-LED distance and LED height, median tilt-induced errors are in the range between 1 and 6 cm for small LED tilts, with errors scaling linearly with the LED tilt severity. Two methods are proposed to estimate and correct for LED tilts and their performance is compared.},
  articleno    = {389},
  author       = {Plets, David and Bastiaens, Sander and Martens, Luc and Joseph, Wout},
  issn         = {2079-9292},
  journal      = {ELECTRONICS},
  keywords     = {VLP,LED tilt,Visible Light Positioning,positioning,localization,algorithm},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {15},
  publisher    = {Mdpi},
  title        = {An analysis of the impact of LED tilt on visible light positioning accuracy},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/electronics8040389},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2019},
}

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